social science and historical perspectives

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Social Science And Historical Perspectives

Author : Jack David Eller
ISBN : 9781317198253
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 87 MB
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This accessible book introduces the story of ‘social science’, with coverage of history, politics, economics, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and geography. Key questions include: How and why did the social sciences originate and differentiate? How are they related to older traditions that have defined Western civilization? What is the unique perspective or ‘way of knowing’ of each social science? What are the challenges—and alternatives—to the social sciences as they stand in the twenty-first century? Eller explains the origin, evolution, methods, and the main figures, literature, concepts, and theories in each discipline. The chapters also feature a range of contemporary examples, with consideration given to how the disciplines address present-day issues.

The Natural Sciences And The Social Sciences

Author : Robert S. Cohen
ISBN : 9789401733915
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 27 MB
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Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences contains a series of explorations of the different ways in which the social sciences have interacted with the natural sciences. Usually, such interactions are considered to go only `one way': from the natural to the social sciences. But there are several important essays in this volume which show how developments in the social sciences have affected the natural sciences - even the `hard' science of physics. Other essays deal with various types of interaction since the Scientific Revolution. In his general introductory chapter, Cohen sets some general themes concerning analogies and homologies and the use of metaphors, drawing specific examples from the use of concepts of physics by marginalist economists and of developments in the life sciences by organismic sociologists. The remaining chapters, which explore the different ways in which the social sciences and the natural sciences have actually interacted, are written by leaders in the field of history of science, drawn from a wide range of countries and disciplines. The book will be of great interest to all historians of science, philosophers interested in questions of methodology, economists and sociologists, and all social scientists concerned with the history of their subject and its foundations.

Social Work In Ireland

Author : Noreen Kearney
ISBN : 1904541232
Genre : Ireland
File Size : 26. 38 MB
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Historical Perspectives On Erkl Ren And Verstehen

Author : Uljana Feest
ISBN : 9048135400
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 70 MB
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twentieth-century literature about the distinction between explanation and und- standing)? Second, can we do justice to a particular writer’s notion of that category by taking at face value what he writes about his own motivation for adopting it? In response to both types of questions, there is by now a consensus amongst many historians of science and of philosophy that (a) intellectual history – like other kinds of history – has to be careful not to uncritically adopt actors’ categories, and (b) more generally, even the actors’ own thinking about a particular issue has to be contextualized vis-à-vis their other intellectual commitments and interests, as well as the complex conditions that make the totality of their commitments possible. Such conditions include cognitive as well as practical, institutional, and cultural factors. The articles in this volume respond to these challenges in several ways. For example, one author (Christopher Pincock) seeks to read some of the nineteen- century philosophical writings about Erklären and Verstehen as standing for a more fundamental problem, which he terms the problem of the “unity of experience”.

Medicine And Medical Policies In India

Author : Poonam Bala
ISBN : 0739113224
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 19 MB
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Poonam Bala tenaciously follows the developmental trajectory of medical pluralism in India with a keen eye to the dynamic social production of health and healing systems as social systems, practices, and technologies of power.

Scientific Controversies

Author : Peter Machamer
ISBN : 0195353161
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 19 MB
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Traditionally it has been thought that scientific controversies can always be resolved on the basis of empirical data. Recently, however, social constructionists have claimed that the outcome of scientific debates is strongly influenced by non-evidential factors such as the rhetorical prowess and professional clout of the participants. This volume of previously unpublished essays by well-known philosophers of science presents historical studies and philosophical analyses that undermine the plausibility of an extreme social constructionist perspective while also indicating the need for a richer and more realistic account of scientific rationality.

Moral Panics Social Fears And The Media

Author : Siân Nicholas
ISBN : 9781136731617
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28. 50 MB
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The media have always played a central role in organising the way ideas flow through societies. But what happens when those ideas are disruptive to normal social relations? Bringing together work by scholars in history, media and cultural studies and sociology, this collection explores this role in more depth and with more attention paid to the complexities behind conventional analyses. Attention is paid to morality and regulation; empire and film; the role of women; authoritarianism; wartime and fears of treachery; and fears of cultural contamination. The book begins with essays that contextualise the theoretical and historiographical issues of the relationship between social fears, moral panics and the media. The second section provides case studies which illustrate the ways in which the media has participated in, or been seen as the source of, the creation of threats to society. Finally, the third section then shows how historical research calls into question simple assumptions about the relationship between the media and social disruption.

Sexuality Down Under

Author : Allison Kirkman
ISBN : 1877372102
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 85 MB
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Sexuality permeates most aspects of everyday life. As it is both a hot topic and a taboo subject at the same time, its study is important and controversial. Essays in this book give many insights into issues surrounding sexuality in art, in advertising, in prostitution, in homosexual law reform and in relation to teenage motherhood, rape, medical practice, and male sexual 'disfunction'. As well, there are essays on how the West responded to indigenous Pacific peoples, and New Zealand's 'satanism scare' of the 1990s. CONTRIBUTORS: Chris Brickell, Barbara Collins, Rob Cover, Caroline Daley, Jenny Harper, Michael Hill, Jan Jordan, Allison Kirkman, Pat Moloney, Libby Plumridge, Cameron Pritchard, Tiina Varies.

Science And Technology From Global And Historical Perspectives

Author : Bahattin Karagözoğlu
ISBN : 9783319528908
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 78 MB
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This book provides science and technology ethos to a literate person. It starts with a rather detailed treatment of basic concepts in human values, educational status and domains of education, development of science and technology and their contributions to the welfare of society. It describes ways and means of scientific progresses and technological advancements with their historical perspectives including scientific viewpoints of contributing scientists and technologists. The technical, social, and cultural dimensions are surveyed in relation to acquisition and application of science, and advantages and hindrances of technological developments. Science and Technology is currently taught as a college course in many universities with the intention to introduce topics from a global historical perspective so that the reader shall stretch his/her vision by mapping the past to the future. The book can also serve as a primary reference for such courses.

The Language Of Newspapers

Author : Martin Conboy
ISBN : 9781441126061
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89. 93 MB
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This book charts the connections between the language of journalism in England and its social impact on audiences and social and political debates from the first emergence of periodical publications in the seventeeth century to the present day. It extends work done on the language of the media to include an historical perspective, adding to wider contemporary debates about the social impact of the media. It draws upon the field of historical pragmatics, while retaining a concentration on the development of a particular form of media language, the newspaper, and its role in refracting and contributing to social developments. Dialogue is created between sociolinguistics and journalism studies. It is ideally suited to advanced students in these areas and in linguistics and media studies in general.

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