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Buddhism Transformed

Author : Richard Francis Gombrich
ISBN : 8120807022
Genre : Buddhism
File Size : 55. 17 MB
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In this study a social and cultural anthropologist and a specialist in the study of religion pool their talents to examine recent changes in popular religion in Sri Lanka. As the Sinhalas themselves perceive it, Buddhism proper has always shared the religious arena with a spirit religion. While Buddhism concerns salvation, the spirit of religion focuses on worldly welfare. Buddhism Transformed describes and analyzes the changes that have profoundly altered the character of Sinhala religion in both areas. This is the first book to record systematically the cultural impact of the deterioration in how the other half lives in Sri Lanka. After Sri Lankan independence in 1948, health care advanced and literacy became universal, but the economy was unable to meet the rising expectations of the exploding population. People became poorer and more mobile, and the village community began to disappear. As new stresses in Sri Lankan society create new psychological needs, changes have occurred in what the authors call Protestant Buddhism (the Buddhism formed under Protestant influence after British conquest). In the spirit cults, morally less scrupulous gods have become prominent, and more people seek and value altered states of consciousness. Finally the authors suggest that developments that seem startling in Sri Lanka are not unprecedented in the religious history of India.


Author : Hermann Oldenberg
ISBN : 812060217X
Genre : Buddhism
File Size : 20. 26 MB
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Anonymous 4th century Buddhist chronicle from Sri Lanka.

Old Diary Leaves

Author : Henry Steel Olcott
ISBN : HARVARD:32044010560431
Genre : Theosophy
File Size : 30. 56 MB
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The American Encounter With Buddhism 1844 1912

Author : Thomas A. Tweed
ISBN : 9780807876152
Genre : Religion
File Size : 29. 66 MB
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In this landmark work, Thomas Tweed examines nineteenth-century America's encounter with one of the world's major religions. Exploring the debates about Buddhism that followed upon its introduction in this country, Tweed shows what happened when the transplanted religious movement came into contact with America's established culture and fundamentally different Protestant tradition. The book, first published in 1992, traces the efforts of various American interpreters to make sense of Buddhism in Western terms. Tweed demonstrates that while many of those interested in Buddhism considered themselves dissenters from American culture, they did not abandon some of the basic values they shared with their fellow Victorians. In the end, the Victorian understanding of Buddhism, even for its most enthusiastic proponents, was significantly shaped by the prevailing culture. Although Buddhism attracted much attention, it ultimately failed to build enduring institutions or gain significant numbers of adherents in the nineteenth century. Not until the following century did a cultural environment more conducive to Buddhism's taking root in America develop. In a new preface, Tweed addresses Buddhism's growing influence in contemporary American culture.

A History Of Sri Lanka

Author : K. M. De Silva
ISBN : 0520043200
Genre : Sri Lanka
File Size : 46. 26 MB
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A Sinhala Village In A Time Of Trouble

Author : Jonathan Spencer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110213555
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88. 67 MB
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How can anthropology, with its emphasis on local knowledge and local meaning, contribute to the understanding of policies in complex, modern societies? This book employs vivid ethnographic data from one village in an effort to understand broader problems in the troubled policies of Sri Lanka. In particular, it investigates two related phenomena which lie behind the growing crises of Sri Lankan democratic institutions: the high degree of political participation in rural areas and the tenacious hold of Sinhala Buddhist nationalism among the country's majority population.

The Elephant In Sri Lanka

Author : Jayantha Jayewardene
ISBN : UOM:39015034296452
Genre : Asiatic elephant
File Size : 52. 25 MB
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The Living Elephants

Author : Raman Sukumar
ISBN : 0198026730
Genre : Nature
File Size : 84. 33 MB
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The Living Elephants is the authoritative resource for information on both Asian and African elephants. From the ancient origins of the proboscideans to the present-day crisis of the living elephants, this volume synthesizes the behavior, ecology and conservation of elephants, while covering also the history of human interactions with elephants, all within the theoretical framework of evolutionary biology. The book begins with a survey of the 60-million year evolutionary history of the proboscideans emphasizing the role of climate and vegetation change in giving rise to a bewildering array of species, but also discussing the possible role of humans in the late Pleistocene extinction of mastodonts and mammoths. The latest information on the molecular genetics of African and Asian elephants and its taxonomic implications are then presented. The rise of the elephant culture in Asia, and its early demise in Africa are traced along with an original interpretation of this unique animal-human relationship. The book then moves on to the social life of elephants as it relates to reproductive strategies of males and females, development of behavior in young, communication, ranging patterns, and societal organization. The foraging strategies of elephants, their impact on the vegetation and landscape are then discussed. The dynamics of elephant populations in relation to hunting for ivory and their population viability are described with the aid of mathematical models. A detailed account of elephant-human interactions includes a treatment of crop depredation by elephants in relation to their natural ecology, manslaughter by elephants, habitat manipulation by humans, and a history of the ivory trade and poaching in the two continents. The ecological information is brought together in the final chapter to formulate a set of pragmatic recommendations for the long-term conservation of elephants. The broadest treatment of the subject yet undertaken, by one of the leading workers in the field, Raman Sukumar, the book promises to bring the understanding of elephants to a new level. It should be of interest not only to biologists but also a broader audience including field ecologists, wildlife administrators, historians, conservationists and all those interested in elephants and their future.

Buddhist Women Across Cultures

Author : Karma Lekshe Tsomo
ISBN : 0791441385
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 87 MB
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Illuminates the lives and thought of women in Buddhist cultures, integrating them more fully into the feminist conversation.

Women Under The Bo Tree

Author : Tessa J. Bartholomeusz
ISBN : 0521461294
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74. 94 MB
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A lively examination of female world-renunciation on Buddhist Sri Lanka.

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