sonochemistry and the acoustic bubble

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Sonochemistry And The Acoustic Bubble

Author : Franz Grieser
ISBN : 9780128017265
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 60 MB
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Sonochemistry and the Acoustic Bubble provides an introduction to the way ultrasound acts on bubbles in a liquid to cause bubbles to collapse violently, leading to localized 'hot spots' in the liquid with temperatures of 5000° celcius and under pressures of several hundred atmospheres. These extreme conditions produce events such as the emission of light, sonoluminescence, with a lifetime of less than a nanosecond, and free radicals that can initiate a host of varied chemical reactions (sonochemistry) in the liquid, all at room temperature. The physics and chemistry behind the phenomena are simply, but comprehensively presented. In addition, potential industrial and medical applications of acoustic cavitation and its chemical effects are described and reviewed. The book is suitable for graduate students working with ultrasound, and for potential chemists and chemical engineers wanting to understand the basics of how ultrasound acts in a liquid to cause chemical and physical effects. Experimental methods on acoustic cavitation and sonochemistry Helps users understand how to readily begin experiments in the field Provides an understanding of the physics behind the phenomenon Contains examples of (possible) industrial applications in chemical engineering and environmental technologies Presents the possibilities for adopting the action of acoustic cavitation with respect to industrial applications

The Acoustic Bubble

Author : T Leighton
ISBN : 9780323144131
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 35 MB
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The Acoustic Bubble describes the interaction of acoustic fields with bubbles in liquid. The book consists of five chapters. Chapter 1 provides a basic introduction to acoustics, including some of the more esoteric phenomena that can be seen when high-frequency high-intensity underwater sound is employed. Chapter 2 discusses the nucleation of cavitation and basic fluid dynamics, while Chapter 3 draws together the acoustics and bubble dynamics to discuss the free oscillation of a bubble and acoustic emissions from such activity. The acoustic probes that are often applied to study the behavior of a bubble when an externally-applied acoustic field drives it into oscillation is deliberated in Chapter 4. The last chapter outlines a variety of effects associated with acoustically-induced bubble activity. The bubble detection, sonoluminescence, sonochemistry, and pulse enhancement are also covered. This publication is a good reference for physics and engineering students and researchers intending to acquire knowledge of the acoustic interactions of acoustic fields with bubbles.

Sonochemistry And Sonoluminescence

Author : L.A. Crum
ISBN : 9789401592154
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 82 MB
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Sonochemistry is studied primarily by chemists and sonoluminescence mainly by physicists, but a single physical phenomenon - acoustic cavitation - unites the two areas. The physics of cavitation bubble collapse, is relatively well understood by acoustical physicists but remains practically unknown to the chemists. By contrast, the chemistry that gives rise to electromagnetic emissions and the acceleration of chemical reactions is familiar to chemists, but practically unknown to acoustical physicists. It is just this knowledge gap that the present volume addresses. The first section of the book addresses the fundamentals of cavitation, leading to a more extensive discussion of the fundamentals of cavitation bubble dynamics in section two. A section on single bubble sonoluminescence follows. The two following sections address the new scientific discipline of sonochemistry, and the volume concludes with a section giving detailed descriptions of the applications of sonochemistry. The mixture of tutorial lectures and detailed research articles means that the book can serve as an introduction as well as a comprehensive and detailed review of these two interesting and topical subjects.

Synthetic Organic Sonochemistry

Author : Jean-Louis Luche
ISBN : 9781489919106
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 73 MB
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TEAN-LOUIS LUCHE A French poet of this eentury, Pierre Mae Orlan, wrote "Adventure does not exist, it is only in the mind of he who is pursuing it, and, as soon as it is at one's finger tips, it vanishes to come back to life, far away, in a different shape, at the frontiers of imagination". This sentence could be used to define the adventure that many sonochemists experienced. Most of them did not even suspect that the "laboratory trick" they were using was the first contact with a considerable amount of science. If a personal note is allowed here, it ean be interesting to mention the part played by chance in my involvement in sonochemistry. Almost 20 years ago, we had to perform an apparently simple Grignard reaetion with n-butylmagnesium bromide and geranial, but the results were repeatedly unsatisfactory. The one-pot Barbier technique was attempted, also without success. From my studies at the University, I imagined that the failure of the latter reaction could be caused by a common phenomenon known by solid state chemists as passivation, which in some cases can be overcome by ultrasonication. By chance, an ultrasonie bath was sitting on the next beneh, borrowed to clean some equipment. We clamped our reluctant reaction mixture into the bath, the reaction proceeded vigorously, and ... the adventure started. Without knowing anything about cavitation, high energies, ete., we had an illustration of Goethe's word "Am Anfang war die Tat" (at the Beginning was the Act).

Jjap

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X006163452
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 77. 57 MB
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Sonochemistry Cavitation

Author : Margulis
ISBN : 2881248497
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 38 MB
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Sonochemistry and cavitation are rapidly increasing in importance in modern chemistry as a result of many significant achievements made in recent years. In this current and comprehensive text, the author clearly details and illustrates these developments as well as the fundamental concepts. Much attention is given to the fundamental problems, such as the general kinetics of sonochemical reactions: energetic yields; the principles of the cavitation diffusion theory; the place of acoustic energy among other physical methods of action on matter; and the new electrical theory of cavitation phenomena, sonochemical reactions and sonoluminescence initiation (the theory developed by Professor Margulis). Results of low-frequency acoustic fields investigations are also observed. Special attention is given to the influence of acoustic fields on chemical reactions in nonaqueous systems, catalytic processes and the initiation of oscillating reactions. This publication is designed to broaden the application of ultrasound in chemical technology and improve the efficiency of existing production processes. Its comprehensiveness makes it a practical handbook which will prove invaluable to a broad readership amongst chemistry, engineering and physics undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and industrialists working in the fields of sonochemistry, ultrasonic and chemical technology, high energy chemistry, acoustics and biology.

Theoretical And Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems

Author : Pankaj
ISBN : 9048138876
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 12 MB
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Despite the fact that chemical applications of ultrasound are now widely acknowledged, a detailed presentation of inorganic systems covering nano-particles, catalysis, aqueous chemistry of metallic solutions and their redox characteristics, both from a theoretical and experimental perspective has eluded researchers of this field. Theoretical and Experimental Sonochemistry Involving Inorganic Systems fills this gap and presents a concise and thorough review of this fascinating area of Sonochemistry in a single volume.

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