species concepts and phylogenetic theory a debate

Download Book Species Concepts And Phylogenetic Theory A Debate in PDF format. You can Read Online Species Concepts And Phylogenetic Theory A Debate here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Species Concepts And Phylogenetic Theory

Author : Quentin Wheeler
ISBN : 9780231506625
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 59 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 237
Read : 340

Download Now


-- Biodiversity

Species Concepts And Phylogenetic Theory

Author : Rudolf Meier
ISBN : 0231101422
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 53 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 797
Read : 1077

Download Now


The concept of species is fundamental to taxonomists, whose work is to classify the nature of all living things. The Linnaean system is the time-honoured system, but modern scientific methods must also be considered. This text presents a debate about which approach may be best.

Species Concepts And Phylogenetic Theory

Author : Rudolf Meier
ISBN : 9780231101431
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 600
Read : 173

Download Now


The concept of species is fundamental to taxonomists, whose work is to classify the nature of all living things. The Linnaean system is the time-honoured system, but modern scientific methods must also be considered. This text presents a debate about which approach may be best.

Species Concepts In Biology

Author : Frank E. Zachos
ISBN : 9783319449661
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 945
Read : 504

Download Now


Frank E. Zachos offers a comprehensive review of one of today’s most important and contentious issues in biology: the species problem. After setting the stage with key background information on the topic, the book provides a brief history of species concepts from antiquity to the Modern Synthesis, followed by a discussion of the ontological status of species with a focus on the individuality thesis and potential means of reconciling it with other philosophical approaches. More than 30 different species concepts found in the literature are presented in an annotated list, and the most important ones, including the Biological, Genetic, Evolutionary and different versions of the Phylogenetic Species Concept, are discussed in more detail. Specific questions addressed include the problem of asexual and prokaryotic species, intraspecific categories like subspecies and Evolutionarily Significant Units, and a potential solution to the species problem based on a hierarchical approach that distinguishes between ontological and operational species concepts. A full chapter is dedicated to the challenge of delimiting species by means of a discrete taxonomy in a continuous world of inherently fuzzy boundaries. Further, the book outlines the practical ramifications for ecology and evolutionary biology of how we define the species category, highlighting the danger of an apples and oranges problem if what we subsume under the same name (“species”) is in actuality a variety of different entities. A succinct summary chapter, glossary and annotated list of references round out the coverage, making the book essential reading for all biologists looking for an accessible introduction to the historical, philosophical and practical dimensions of the species problem.

Species

Author : John S. Wilkins
ISBN : 9780520945074
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 10 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 698
Read : 395

Download Now


The complex idea of "species" has evolved over time, yet its meaning is far from resolved. This comprehensive work takes a fresh look at an idea central to the field of biology by tracing its history from antiquity to today. John S. Wilkins explores the essentialist view, a staple of logic from Plato and Aristotle through the Middle Ages to fairly recent times, and considers the idea of species in natural history—a concept often connected to reproduction. Tracing "generative conceptions" of species back through Darwin to Epicurus, Wilkins provides a new perspective on the relationship between philosophical and biological approaches to this concept. He also reviews the array of current definitions. Species is a benchmark exploration and clarification of a concept fundamental to the past, present, and future of the natural sciences.

Contemporary Debates In Philosophy Of Biology

Author : Francisco J. Ayala
ISBN : 1444314939
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 60 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 516
Read : 635

Download Now


This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy of biology Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotly debated questions in philosophy of biology Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issues and paves the way for further discussion Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionary developmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species, the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- and macro-evolution, and much more Each section features an introduction to the topic as well as suggestions for further reading Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamic field, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers and biologists

Phylogenetics

Author : E. O. Wiley
ISBN : 9781118017876
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 777
Read : 278

Download Now


The long-awaited revision of the industry standard on phylogenetics Since the publication of the first edition of this landmark volume more than twenty-five years ago, phylogenetic systematics has taken its place as the dominant paradigm of systematic biology. It has profoundly influenced the way scientists study evolution, and has seen many theoretical and technical advances as the field has continued to grow. It goes almost without saying that the next twenty-five years of phylogenetic research will prove as fascinating as the first, with many exciting developments yet to come. This new edition of Phylogenetics captures the very essence of this rapidly evolving discipline. Written for the practicing systematist and phylogeneticist, it addresses both the philosophical and technical issues of the field, as well as surveys general practices in taxonomy. Major sections of the book deal with the nature of species and higher taxa, homology and characters, trees and tree graphs, and biogeography—the purpose being to develop biologically relevant species, character, tree, and biogeographic concepts that can be applied fruitfully to phylogenetics. The book then turns its focus to phylogenetic trees, including an in-depth guide to tree-building algorithms. Additional coverage includes: Parsimony and parsimony analysis Parametric phylogenetics including maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches Phylogenetic classification Critiques of evolutionary taxonomy, phenetics, and transformed cladistics Specimen selection, field collecting, and curating Systematic publication and the rules of nomenclature Providing a thorough synthesis of the field, this important update to Phylogenetics is essential for students and researchers in the areas of evolutionary biology, molecular evolution, genetics and evolutionary genetics, paleontology, physical anthropology, and zoology.

The New Taxonomy

Author : Quentin D. Wheeler
ISBN : 1420008560
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 173
Read : 311

Download Now


Finalist for 2009 The Council on Botanical & Horticultural Libraries Literature Award! A Fresh Look at Taxonomy The most fundamental of all biological sciences, taxonomy underpins any long term strategies for reconstructing the great tree of life or salvaging as much biodiversity as possible. Yet we are still unable to say with any certainty how many species are living on the earth. The New Taxonomy describes how a confluence of theory, cyberinfrastructure, and international teamwork can meet this unprecedented research challenge and marks an emerging field, cybertaxonomy. Taxonomy Meets the Challenges of the Biodiversity Crisis An in-depth discussion of the future of descriptive taxonomy, the book examines the efforts of several international groups to catalog the world’s biodiversity and make it accessible. An answer to Julien Huxley’s The New Systematics, the book marks the beginning of an upward trajectory of taxonomy to meet the unprecedented challenges of the biodiversity crisis. Contemporary taxonomists reclaim the unique mission, goals, and importance of taxonomy as an independent science. They cover technologies such as DNA evidence and its applications, computer-assisted species identification, digital morphology, and E-typification. The book also provides insight into effective ways of organizing taxonomic information and discusses what benefits can be leveraged from a rapid growth of taxonomic knowledge. A Vision and A Strategy for the Future Not much has changed since E.O. Wilson pointed out how little we know of Earth’s species in 1985. This book offers a vision and a strategy for changing all that. The first current, unapologetic look at morphology and descriptive taxonomy that points out their incredible importance to science and society, this book frames one of the most constructive responses to biodiversity crises. It is a call to action for the taxonomy and museum communities to come together and to organize, plan, innovate, and initiate the most ambitious period of exploration in the long history of taxonomy.

Durban Museum Novitates

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009531062
Genre : Natural history
File Size : 76. 18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 815
Read : 873

Download Now



Phylogeny And Conservation

Author : Andrew Purvis
ISBN : 0521532000
Genre : Nature
File Size : 70. 1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 725
Read : 887

Download Now


Phylogeny is a potentially powerful tool for conserving biodiversity. This book explores how it can be used to tackle questions of great practical importance and urgency for conservation. Using case studies from many different taxa and regions of the world, the volume evaluates how useful phylogeny is in understanding the processes that have generated today's diversity and the processes that now threaten it. The urgency with which conservation decisions have to be made as well as the need for the best possible decisions make this volume of great value to researchers, practitioners and policy-makers.

Top Download:

Best Books