stargazers copernicus galileo the telescope and the church

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Author : Allan Chapman
ISBN : 9780745957876
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30. 13 MB
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Did Galileo suffer for challenging the Church's understanding of the heavens? Or were many of the Popes and lesser clerics just as well up on astronomy as he was? Who else was involved in mapping the heavens around the time of the Renaissance and Reformation? This book takes Galileo out of his usual category of 'victim who dared speak the truth' and explores both his achievements and the earlier influences, including that of Copernicus, on whose legacy he built. It then goes on to trace the impact of his ideas on those who followed him, in the sixty years or so that followed his death.

You Can T Play The Game If You Don T Know The Rules

Author : Irene Alexander
ISBN : 9780745953311
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 61. 35 MB
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Have you ever tried to explain the rules of football to someone from another culture? Or to a friend who doesn't understand sport? Now imagine trying to explain if both teams were wearing the same colours - or everyone wore different ones. Or if they all wore blindfolds - how could you explain that? Relationships can be as baffling as playing a game blindfolded. The stakes are high: losses can be disastrous but winning can lead to a lifetime of happiness. And you can't play the game - let alone win it - if you don't know the rules. In this book, Dr Irene Alexander explores what makes relationships work, covering everything from boundaries to sex. The essence is learning how to relate openly and effectively. When you achieve this, even conflict can be constructive and relationships will take on new depth and satisfying fullness.

The Moon

Author : Bill Leatherbarrow
ISBN : 9781780239552
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 57 MB
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The moon has always been the most obvious feature in our night sky. It is our nearest celestial neighbour, orbiting the earth at an average distance of 384,400 kilometers, and is large enough to display significant detail even to the unaided eye. Our moon has drawn observers since the dawn of humankind, and all people have tried to make sense of the puzzles it poses and the questions it raises. The moon provided our ancient ancestors with one of the earliest means of keeping and measuring time, and many early religions had cults that worshipped it. When it eclipses the sun it provides one of the most awe-inspiring views in nature. In The Moon, celebrated amateur astronomer Bill Leatherbarrow provides expert insight into the history of our study of this compelling astronomical body. Drawing on his own decades of lunar observation, he describes how and why the observation and study of the moon has evolved, particularly in the age of telescopic study. He also offers an overview of current scientific thinking and developments in lunar science since the advent of the Space Age, even providing practical advice on how to make your own observations of the moon. Extensively illustrated with images of the lunar surface taken both from spacecraft and using amateur equipment, this book is an accessible introduction to complex astrophysical concepts that will give all amateur astronomers and anyone fascinated by this natural satellite something to moon over.

Superstition And Science 1450 1750

Author : Derek Wilson
ISBN : 9781472135933
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 81 MB
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'O what a world of profit and delight Of power, of honour and omnipotence Is promised to the studious artisan.' Christopher Marlowe, Dr Faustus Between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment, Europe changed out of all recognition and particularly transformative were the ardent quest for knowledge and the astounding discoveries and inventions which resulted from it. The movement of blood round the body; the movement of the earth round the sun; the velocity of falling objects (and, indeed, why objects fall) - these and numerous other mysteries had been solved by scholars in earnest pursuit of scientia. Several keys were on offer to thinkers seeking to unlock the portal of the unknown: Folk religion had roots deep in the pagan past. Its devotees sought the aid of spirits. They had stores of ancient wisdom, particularly relating to herbal remedies. Theirs was the world of wise women, witches, necromancers, potions and incantations. Catholicism had its own magic and its own wisdom. Dogma was enshrined in the collective wisdom of the doctors of the church and the rigid scholastic system of teaching. Magic resided in the ranks of departed saints and the priestly miracle of the mass. Alchemy was at root a desire to understand and to exploit the material world. Practitioners studied the properties of natural substances. A whole system of knowledge was built on the theory of the four humours. Astrology was based on the belief that human affairs were controlled by the movement of heavenly bodies. Belief in the casting of horoscopes was almost universal. Natural Philosophy really began with Francis Bacon and his empirical method. It was the beginning of science 'proper' because it was based on observation and not on predetermined theory. Classical Studies. University teaching was based on the quadrivium - which consisted largely of rote learning the philosophy and science current in the classical world (Plato, Aristotle, Galen, Ptolemy, etc.). Renaissance scholars reappraised these sources of knowledge. Islamic and Jewish Traditions. The twelfth-century polymath, Averroes, has been called 'the father of secular thought' because of his landmark treatises on astronomy, physics and medicine. Jewish scholars and mystics introduced the esoteric disciplines of the Kabbalah. New Discoveries. Exploration connected Europeans with other peoples and cultures hitherto unknown, changed concepts about the nature of the planet, and led to the development of navigational skills. These 'sciences' were not entirely self-contained. For example physicians and theologians both believed in the casting of horoscopes. Despite popular myth (which developed 200 years later), there was no perceived hostility between faith and reason. Virtually all scientists and philosophers before the Enlightenment worked, or tried to work, within the traditional religious framework. Paracelsus, Descartes, Newton, Boyle and their compeers proceeded on the a príori notion that the universe was governed by rational laws, laid down by a rational God.. This certainly did not mean that there were no conflicts between the upholders of different types of knowledge. Dr Dee's neighbours destroyed his laboratory because they believed he was in league with the devil. Galileo famously had his run-in with the Curia. By the mid-seventeenth century 'science mania' had set in; the quest for knowledge had become a pursuit of cultured gentlemen. In 1663 The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge received its charter. Three years later the French Academy of Sciences was founded. Most other European capitals were not slow to follow suit. In 1725 we encounter the first use of the word 'science' meaning 'a branch of study concerned either with a connected body of demonstrated truths or with observed facts systematically classified'. Yet, it was only nine years since the last witch had been executed in Britain - a reminder that, although the relationship of people to their environment was changing profoundly, deep-rooted fears and attitudes remained strong.

Mathematicians And Their Gods

Author : Snezana Lawrence
ISBN : 9780191007545
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25. 53 MB
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To open a newspaper or turn on the television it would appear that science and religion are polar opposites - mutually exclusive bedfellows competing for hearts and minds. There is little indication of the rich interaction between religion and science throughout history, much of which continues today. From ancient to modern times, mathematicians have played a key role in this interaction. This is a book on the relationship between mathematics and religious beliefs. It aims to show that, throughout scientific history, mathematics has been used to make sense of the 'big' questions of life, and that religious beliefs sometimes drove mathematicians to mathematics to help them make sense of the world. Containing contributions from a wide array of scholars in the fields of philosophy, history of science and history of mathematics, this book shows that the intersection between mathematics and theism is rich in both culture and character. Chapters cover a fascinating range of topics including the Sect of the Pythagoreans, Newton's views on the apocalypse, Charles Dodgson's Anglican faith and Gödel's proof of the existence of God.

Anglican Evangelicalism In Sydney 1897 To 1953

Author : John A. McIntosh
ISBN : 9781532643071
Genre : Religion
File Size : 68. 27 MB
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John McIntosh attempts to describe more accurately and completely the spectrum of Evangelicalism (Anglican) that three successive principals of Moore Theological College appropriated and taught in the period. Each was an outstanding graduate of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin, respectively. The study traces the circumstances of their appointment and seeks to define the convictions they held—against the background of challenges and changes to their Christian faith they faced in their day. A close examination of their published and unpublished literary oeuvre clears away misunderstandings and even misrepresentations of their thought and influence. In so doing it explains how it was that those Evangelicals in the diocese who adhered more closely to their Reformation tradition finally prevailed decisively over those who were Protestant but liberal.

Galileo S Telescope

Author : Gerry Bailey
ISBN : 0778736946
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 47. 72 MB
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Galileo's telescope is discovered by Digby and his sister Hannah in Mr. Rummage's stall at a busy antiques market. The children listen to Mr. Rummage's tale of the person who owned it.

Culture And Values

Author : Lawrence S. Cunningham
ISBN : 0155085441
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65. 15 MB
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This unusual textbook surveys art, literature, music and thought from the ancient world through the 14th century. Each chapter summarizes the history of the era, examines the history of art and architectures (with good color plates), describes the literature and philosophy, and concludes with a lengthy selection of primary sources. This edition includes "cue-cats," which are barcodes that link to web sites. Cunningham teaches theology at the U. of Notre Dame and Reich teaches at Syracuse U. in Florence, Italy.

The Stargazer S Guide To The Universe

Author : Robin Kerrod
ISBN : 0764158449
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 89 MB
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This stunningly illustrated visual guide to the heavens features both sky maps and dramatic photos of all major constellations, from Andromeda to Virgo. An extensive logbook helps users list date, time, their viewing location, light conditions, and weather conditions over a period of 100 evenings. 250+ photos & illustrations.

The Unesco Courier

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105115501756
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 74. 15 MB
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