statistics in clinical vaccine trials

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Statistics In Clinical Vaccine Trials

Author : Jozef Nauta
ISBN : 3642146910
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46. 93 MB
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This monograph offers well-founded training and expertise on the statistical analysis of data from clinical vaccine trials, i.e., immunogenicity and vaccine field efficacy studies. The book's scope is practical rather than theoretical. It opens with two introductory chapters on the immunology of vaccines to provide readers with the necessary background knowledge. It then continues with an in-depth exploration of the statistical methodology. Many real-life examples and SAS codes are presented, making application of the methods straightforward. Topics discussed include maximum likelihood estimation for censored antibody titers, ANCOVA for antibody values, analysis of equivalence and non-inferiority immunogenicity trial data, analysis of data from vaccine field efficacy trials (including data from studies with recurrent infection data), fitting protection curves to data of challenge or field efficacy studies, and the analysis of vaccine safety data.

Bioequivalence And Statistics In Clinical Pharmacology Second Edition

Author : Scott D. Patterson
ISBN : 146658520X
Genre :
File Size : 66. 96 MB
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Maintaining a practical perspective, Bioequivalence and Statistics in Clinical Pharmacology, Second Edition explores statistics used in day-to-day clinical pharmacology work. The book is a starting point for those involved in such research and covers the methods needed to design, analyze, and interpret bioequivalence trials; explores when, how, and why these studies are performed as part of drug development; and demonstrates the methods using real world examples. Drawing on knowledge gained directly from working in the pharmaceutical industry, the authors set the stage by describing the general role of statistics. Once the foundation of clinical pharmacology drug development, regulatory applications, and the design and analysis of bioequivalence trials are established, including recent regulatory changes in design and analysis and in particular sample-size adaptation, they move on to related topics in clinical pharmacology involving the use of cross-over designs. These include, but are not limited to, safety studies in Phase I, dose-response trials, drug interaction trials, food-effect and combination trials, QTc and other pharmacodynamic equivalence trials, proof-of-concept trials, dose-proportionality trials, and vaccines trials. This second edition addresses several recent developments in the field, including new chapters on adaptive bioequivalence studies, scaled average bioequivalence testing, and vaccine trials. Purposefully designed to be instantly applicable, Bioequivalence and Statistics in Clinical Pharmacology, Second Edition provides examples of SAS and R code so that the analyses described can be immediately implemented. The authors have made extensive use of the proc mixed procedures available in SAS. "

Design And Analysis Of Clinical Trials

Author : Shein-Chung Chow
ISBN : 9780471473299
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 86 MB
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Methods And Applications Of Statistics In Clinical Trials Volume 1

Author : N. Balakrishnan
ISBN : 9781118595916
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 77 MB
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A complete guide to the key statistical concepts essential for the design and construction of clinical trials As the newest major resource in the field of medical research, Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 1: Concepts, Principles, Trials, and Designs presents a timely and authoritative reviewof the central statistical concepts used to build clinical trials that obtain the best results. The referenceunveils modern approaches vital to understanding, creating, and evaluating data obtained throughoutthe various stages of clinical trial design and analysis. Accessible and comprehensive, the first volume in a two-part set includes newly-written articles as well as established literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials. Illustrating a variety of statistical concepts and principles such as longitudinal data, missing data, covariates, biased-coin randomization, repeated measurements, and simple randomization, the book also provides in-depth coverage of the various trial designs found within phase I-IV trials. Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 1: Concepts, Principles, Trials, and Designs also features: Detailed chapters on the type of trial designs, such as adaptive, crossover, group-randomized, multicenter, non-inferiority, non-randomized, open-labeled, preference, prevention, and superiority trials Over 100 contributions from leading academics, researchers, and practitioners An exploration of ongoing, cutting-edge clinical trials on early cancer and heart disease, mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus transmission trials, and the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 1: Concepts, Principles, Trials, and Designs is an excellent reference for researchers, practitioners, and students in the fields of clinicaltrials, pharmaceutics, biostatistics, medical research design, biology, biomedicine, epidemiology,and public health.

Bioequivalence And Statistics In Clinical Pharmacology Second Edition

Author : Scott D. Patterson
ISBN : 9781466585218
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 89 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Maintaining a practical perspective, Bioequivalence and Statistics in Clinical Pharmacology, Second Edition explores statistics used in day-to-day clinical pharmacology work. The book is a starting point for those involved in such research and covers the methods needed to design, analyze, and interpret bioequivalence trials; explores when, how, and why these studies are performed as part of drug development; and demonstrates the methods using real world examples. Drawing on knowledge gained directly from working in the pharmaceutical industry, the authors set the stage by describing the general role of statistics. Once the foundation of clinical pharmacology drug development, regulatory applications, and the design and analysis of bioequivalence trials are established,?including recent regulatory changes in design and analysis and in particular sample-size adaptation, they move on to related topics in clinical pharmacology involving the use of cross-over designs. These include, but are not limited to, safety studies in Phase I, dose-response trials, drug interaction trials, food-effect and combination trials, QTc and other pharmacodynamic equivalence trials, proof-of-concept trials, dose-proportionality trials, and vaccines trials.? This second edition addresses several recent developments in the field, including new chapters on adaptive bioequivalence studies, scaled average bioequivalence testing, and vaccine trials. Purposefully designed to be instantly applicable, Bioequivalence and Statistics in Clinical Pharmacology, Second Edition provides examples of SAS and R code so that the analyses described can be immediately implemented. The authors have made extensive use of the proc mixed procedures available in SAS.

Biostatistics In Clinical Trials

Author : Carol K. Redmond
ISBN : 0471822116
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75. 44 MB
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The second volume in the Wiley reference series in Biostatistics. Featuring articles from the prestigious Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, many of which have been fully revised and updated to include recent developments, Biostatistics in Clinical Trials also includes up to 25% newly commissioned material reflecting the latest thinking in: Bayesian methods Benefit/risk assessment Cost-effectiveness Ethics Fraud With exceptional contributions from leading experts in academia, government and industry, Biostatistics in Clinical Trials has been designed to complement existing texts by providing extensive, up-to-date coverage and introducing the reader to the research literature. Offering comprehensive coverage of all aspects of clinical trials Biostatistics in Clinical Trials: Includes concise definitions and introductions to numerous concepts found in current literature Discusses the software and textbooks available Uses extensive cross-references helping to facilitate further research and enabling the reader to locate definitions and related concepts Biostatistics in Clinical Trials offers both academics and practitioners from various disciplines and settings, such as universities, the pharmaceutical industry and clinical research organisations, up-to-date information as well as references to assist professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical trials.

Handbook Of Statistics In Clinical Oncology Second Edition

Author : John Crowley
ISBN : 9781420027761
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 28 MB
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A compendium of cutting-edge statistical approaches to solving problems in clinical oncology, Handbook of Statistics in Clinical Oncology, Second Edition focuses on clinical trials in phases I, II, and III, proteomic and genomic studies, complementary outcomes and exploratory methods. Cancer Forum called the first edition a “1⁄4good reference book for statisticians who will be designing and analyzing cancer trials." The second edition includes over 1000 references, more than forty world-renowned contributors, and 300 equations, tables, and drawings. During the five years since publication of the first edition, there has been an explosion in the technological capabilities supporting genomic and proteomic research, which are is now firmly implanted in clinical oncology. Reflecting these developments, the second edition contains a new section devoted to analyses of high-throughput data and bioinformatics. Previous chapters of the first edition have been revised to reflect current state of the art in their respective domains. The intended audience is primarily statisticians working in cancer and more generally, in any discipline of medicine. But oncologists too will find the material accessible and will benefit from a rudimentary understanding of the fundamental concepts laid forth in each chapter. Completely revised while keeping the features that made the first edition a bestseller, this is the best single source for up-to-date statistical approaches to research in clinical medicine. More than just an update of the handbook that became the gold standard, this second edition brings you fully into the genomic era of medicine.

Proceedings Of The Fourth Seattle Symposium In Biostatistics Clinical Trials

Author : Thomas R. Fleming
ISBN : 9781461452454
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 70 MB
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This volume contains a selection of chapters base on papers presented at the Fourth Seattle Symposium in Biostatistics: Clinical Trials. The symposium was held in 2010 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine. It featured keynote lectures by David DeMets and Susan Ellenberg and 16 invited presentations by other prominent researchers. The papers contained in this volume encompass recent methodological advances in several important clinical trials research, such as biomarkers, meta-analyses, sequential and adaptive clinical trials, and various genetic bioinformatic techniques. This volume will be a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the field of clinical trials.

Sample Size Calculations In Clinical Research

Author : Shein-Chung Chow
ISBN : 0203911342
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 42 MB
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Sample size calculation plays an important role in clinical research. It is not uncommon, however, to observe discrepancies among study objectives (or hypotheses), study design, statistical analysis (or test statistic), and sample size calculation. Focusing on sample size calculation for studies conducted during the various phases of clinical research and development, Sample Size Calculation in Clinical Research explores the causes of discrepancies and how to avoid them. This volume provides formulas and procedures for determination of sample size required not only for testing equality, but also for testing non-inferiority/superiority, and equivalence (similarity) based on both untransformed (raw) data and log-transformed data under a parallel-group design or a crossover design with equal or unequal ratio of treatment allocations. It contains a comprehensive and unified presentation of statistical procedures for sample size calculation that are commonly employed at various phases of clinical development. Each chapter includes, whenever possible, real examples of clinical studies from therapeutic areas such as cardiovascular, central nervous system, anti-infective, oncology, and women's health to demonstrate the clinical and statistical concepts, interpretations, and their relationships and interactions. The book highlights statistical procedures for sample size calculation and justification that are commonly employed in clinical research and development. It provides clear, illustrated explanations of how the derived formulas and/or statistical procedures can be used.

Methods And Applications Of Statistics In Clinical Trials Volume 2

Author : N. Balakrishnan
ISBN : 9781118595961
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 21 MB
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Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2: Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods includes updates of established literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials as well as original material based on the latest developments in clinical trials. Prepared by a leading expert, the second volume includes numerous contributions from current prominent experts in the field of medical research. In addition, the volume features: • Multiple new articles exploring emerging topics, such as evaluation methods with threshold, empirical likelihood methods, nonparametric ROC analysis, over- and under-dispersed models, and multi-armed bandit problems • Up-to-date research on the Cox proportional hazard model, frailty models, trial reports, intrarater reliability, conditional power, and the kappa index • Key qualitative issues including cost-effectiveness analysis, publication bias, and regulatory issues, which are crucial to the planning and data management of clinical trials

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