strangers in a strange lab how personality shapes our initial encounters with others

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Strangers In A Strange Lab

Author : William Ickes
ISBN : 0199706670
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 39 MB
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Winner of the 2012 International Association for Relationship Research Book Award Can we predict how well -- or how poorly -- two strangers will get along? According to social psychologist William Ickes, the answer is yes. Drawing upon relevant research findings from his 30-year career, Ickes explains how initial interactions are shaped by gender, race, birth order, physical attractiveness, androgyny, the Big Five dimensions, shyness, and self-monitoring. Ickes's work offers unprecedented insights on the links between personality and social behavior that have not previously been compiled in a single source: how sibling relationships during childhood affect our interactions with opposite-sex strangers years later; why Latinos have a social advantage in initial interactions; how men react to the physical attractiveness of a female stranger in a relatively direct and obvious way while women react to the attractiveness of a male stranger in a more indirect and subtle way; and how personality similarity is related to satisfaction in married couples.

The Sourcebook Of Listening Research

Author : Debra L. Worthington
ISBN : 9781119103073
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 74. 71 MB
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Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 2 Active - Empathic Listening Scale (AELS): (Drollinger, Comer, & Warrington, 2006 -- also Bodie, 2011) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 3 Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Further Reading -- Scale -- Profile 4 Active Listening Observation Scale (ALOS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 5 Affectionate Communication Scale (TAS) (Trait-Given & Trait-Received): (Floyd, 2002) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 6 Affectionate Communication Index (ACI) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 7 Attributional Complexity Scale (ACS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 8 Audio Message Complexity: Audio Content Change (Acc) and Audio Information Introduced (Aii): (Lang, Gao, Potter, Lee, Park, & Bailey, 2015) -- Construct

Individual Differences And Personality

Author : Michael C. Ashton
ISBN : 9780128098462
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 49. 43 MB
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Individual Differences and Personality, Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview of research on personality. The book begins with the main approaches to the study of personality, basic principles of personality measurement, the concept of personality traits, and the major dimensions of personality variation. Further chapters review personality change and stability, biological causal mechanisms, genetic and environmental influences and evolutionary adaptive function. Personality disorders are examined as are life outcomes—such as relationships, work, health, and others—that are predicted by personality characteristics. The book additionally examines important individual differences, such as mental abilities, vocational interests, religious beliefs, political attitudes and sexuality. The third edition is updated with new findings on age-related differences in personality, on sexual orientation and personality, on socially desirable responding in personality assessment, and on the biological and social origins of mental ability differences. Treatments of several topics have been streamlined, including reliability and validity, developmental change, genetic and environmental influences and the structure of mental abilities. Organized by issues in personality research rather than by theorists Identifies main traits in personality and explains personality assessment Examines the impact of personality on life outcomes Explores developmental, genetic and evolutionary aspects of personality Includes other psychological characteristics (abilities, interests, beliefs and attitudes)

The Social Psychology Of Perceiving Others Accurately

Author : Judith A. Hall
ISBN : 9781107101517
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33. 14 MB
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This comprehensive overview presents cutting-edge research on the fast-expanding field of interpersonal perception.

The Oxford Handbook Of Social Cognition

Author : Donal E. Carlston
ISBN : 9780199730018
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 54 MB
Format : PDF
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This handbook provides a comprehensive review of social cognition, ranging from its history and core research areas to its relationships with other fields. The 43 chapters included are written by eminent researchers in the field of social cognition, and are designed to be understandable and informative to readers with a wide range of backgrounds.

The Sage Encyclopedia Of Lifespan Human Development

Author : Marc H. Bornstein
ISBN : 9781506307640
Genre : FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
File Size : 55. 58 MB
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Lifespan human development is the study of all aspects of biological, physical, cognitive, socioemotional, and contextual development from conception to the end of life. In more than 800 signed articles by experts from a wide diversity of fields, this volume explores all individual and situational factors related to human development across the lifespan. The Encyclopedia promises to be an authoritative, discipline-defining work for students and researchers seeking to become familiar with various theories and empirical findings about human development broadly construed. Some of the broad thematic areas will include: Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood Aging Behavioral and Developmental Disorders Cognitive Development Community and Culture Early and Middle Childhood Education through the Lifespan Genetics and Biology Gender and Sexuality Life Events Mental Health through the Lifespan Research Methods in Lifespan Development Speech and Language Across the Lifespan Theories and Models of Development. Featuring signed articles by experts from the fields of child development, psychology, neuroscience, behavior analysis, education, sociology, and more, this encyclopedia promises to be an authoritative, discipline-defining work for students and researchers seeking to become familiar with the various approaches to and theories of human development as well as past and current research.

Everyday Mind Reading

Author : William John Ickes
ISBN : UOM:39015060371583
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 84. 78 MB
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Are women really better than men at reading other people's minds? Are longer-married couples better than newlyweds at anticipating their partners' thoughts and feelings? Do we all possess a dormant "sixth sense" that, if fully utilized, could allow us to intuit with great accuracy what other people are thinking? Internationally recognized psychologist William Ickes answers these and many other questions in this fascinating examination of the mind's potential for "everyday mind reading." After developing an innovative video-based procedure for measuring the accuracy of people’s empathic inferences, Ickes and his colleagues used this procedure to study different aspects of everyday mind reading in research conducted over the past 15 years. Among the issues they have explored are the validity of the belief in women's intuition, how long it takes strangers to "get to know" each other, why friendships promote mutual understanding, why twins tend to have similar thoughts and feelings, how people’s frames of reference can both help and hinder their communication, and the neurological basis for our ability to empathize with others. Ickes also extends his inquiry to broader social questions. For example, are there ways of detecting when someone has a hidden agenda? Are there circumstances in which accurately "reading" an intimate partner's thoughts and feelings actually harms, rather than helps, the relationship? How can the results of the research on everyday mind reading be applied to improve parenting skills, the effectiveness of counseling, even sales and marketing? Finally, what does the scientific evidence say about the widely debated notion of ESP?

The Way Of The Strangers

Author : Graeme Wood
ISBN : 9780812988758
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 36 MB
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"The Way of the Strangers is an intimate journey into the minds of the Islamic State's true believers. From the streets of Cairo to the mosques of London, Wood interviews supporters, recruiters, and sympathizers of the group...Wood speaks with non-Islamic State Muslim scholars and jihadists, and explores the group's idiosyncratic, coherent approach to Islam...Through character study and analysis, Wood provides a clear-eyed look at a movement that has inspired so many people to abandon or uproot their families.

The Oxford Handbook Of Personality And Social Psychology

Author : Kay Deaux
ISBN : 9780199939497
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 71 MB
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For decades, the relationship between personality psychology and social psychology has been defined by its contrasts: sometimes highly overlapping and intertwined, at other times conflicting and even competing. This contradiction has been ultimately counterproductive, as it has precluded the understanding of people as both individuals and social beings. The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology captures the history, current status, and future prospects of personality and social psychology -- presented not as a set of parallel accounts, but as an integrated perspective on the behavior of persons in social contexts. The contributors to this handbook were charged not only with presenting examples of work that crosses the boundaries of personality and social psychology, but also with thinking deeply and generatively about the ways in which a unified social-personality perspective can provide a greater understanding of the phenomena that concern psychological investigators. The chapters of this handbook weave together work from personality and social psychology, addressing both distinctive contributions and common ground. In so doing, the authors offer compelling evidence for the power and the potential of an integrated approach, as well as new suggestions and directions for research. This volume is a groundbreaking achievement for the field of psychology, one which promises to set the agenda for future generations of scholars.

Personality

Author : Jerry M. Burger
ISBN : 9781337671705
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 25 MB
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The respected, recognized best seller in the market, Jerry Burger's PERSONALITY is a solid mid-level book that fuses the best of theory-based and research-based instruction to give students an illuminating introduction to the subject. Burger pairs theory, application, and assessment chapters with chapters that describe the research programs aligned with every major theoretical approach. Biographical sketches of theorists and accounts of the stories behind influential research programs help students understand how classic and contemporary findings relate to each other, and reinforce the idea that theory and research perpetuate one another. In-book self-assessments promote students' interaction with the material. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

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