strangers in a strange lab how personality shapes our initial encounters with others

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Strangers In A Strange Lab

Author : William Ickes
ISBN : 0199706670
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20. 46 MB
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Winner of the 2012 International Association for Relationship Research Book Award Can we predict how well -- or how poorly -- two strangers will get along? According to social psychologist William Ickes, the answer is yes. Drawing upon relevant research findings from his 30-year career, Ickes explains how initial interactions are shaped by gender, race, birth order, physical attractiveness, androgyny, the Big Five dimensions, shyness, and self-monitoring. Ickes's work offers unprecedented insights on the links between personality and social behavior that have not previously been compiled in a single source: how sibling relationships during childhood affect our interactions with opposite-sex strangers years later; why Latinos have a social advantage in initial interactions; how men react to the physical attractiveness of a female stranger in a relatively direct and obvious way while women react to the attractiveness of a male stranger in a more indirect and subtle way; and how personality similarity is related to satisfaction in married couples.

The Sourcebook Of Listening Research

Author : Debra L. Worthington
ISBN : 9781119103073
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 74. 24 MB
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Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 2 Active - Empathic Listening Scale (AELS): (Drollinger, Comer, & Warrington, 2006 -- also Bodie, 2011) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 3 Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Further Reading -- Scale -- Profile 4 Active Listening Observation Scale (ALOS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 5 Affectionate Communication Scale (TAS) (Trait-Given & Trait-Received): (Floyd, 2002) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 6 Affectionate Communication Index (ACI) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 7 Attributional Complexity Scale (ACS) -- Construct -- Instrument Type -- Description -- Administration -- Scoring -- Development -- Reliability -- Validity -- Availability -- Sample Studies -- Critique -- References -- Scale -- Profile 8 Audio Message Complexity: Audio Content Change (Acc) and Audio Information Introduced (Aii): (Lang, Gao, Potter, Lee, Park, & Bailey, 2015) -- Construct

Individual Differences And Personality

Author : Michael C. Ashton
ISBN : 9780128098462
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 47 MB
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Individual Differences and Personality, Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview of research on personality. The book begins with the main approaches to the study of personality, basic principles of personality measurement, the concept of personality traits, and the major dimensions of personality variation. Further chapters review personality change and stability, biological causal mechanisms, genetic and environmental influences and evolutionary adaptive function. Personality disorders are examined as are life outcomes—such as relationships, work, health, and others—that are predicted by personality characteristics. The book additionally examines important individual differences, such as mental abilities, vocational interests, religious beliefs, political attitudes and sexuality. The third edition is updated with new findings on age-related differences in personality, on sexual orientation and personality, on socially desirable responding in personality assessment, and on the biological and social origins of mental ability differences. Treatments of several topics have been streamlined, including reliability and validity, developmental change, genetic and environmental influences and the structure of mental abilities. Organized by issues in personality research rather than by theorists Identifies main traits in personality and explains personality assessment Examines the impact of personality on life outcomes Explores developmental, genetic and evolutionary aspects of personality Includes other psychological characteristics (abilities, interests, beliefs and attitudes)

Everyday Mind Reading

Author : William John Ickes
ISBN : UOM:39015060371583
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 25. 79 MB
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Are women really better than men at reading other people's minds? Are longer-married couples better than newlyweds at anticipating their partners' thoughts and feelings? Do we all possess a dormant "sixth sense" that, if fully utilized, could allow us to intuit with great accuracy what other people are thinking? Internationally recognized psychologist William Ickes answers these and many other questions in this fascinating examination of the mind's potential for "everyday mind reading." After developing an innovative video-based procedure for measuring the accuracy of people’s empathic inferences, Ickes and his colleagues used this procedure to study different aspects of everyday mind reading in research conducted over the past 15 years. Among the issues they have explored are the validity of the belief in women's intuition, how long it takes strangers to "get to know" each other, why friendships promote mutual understanding, why twins tend to have similar thoughts and feelings, how people’s frames of reference can both help and hinder their communication, and the neurological basis for our ability to empathize with others. Ickes also extends his inquiry to broader social questions. For example, are there ways of detecting when someone has a hidden agenda? Are there circumstances in which accurately "reading" an intimate partner's thoughts and feelings actually harms, rather than helps, the relationship? How can the results of the research on everyday mind reading be applied to improve parenting skills, the effectiveness of counseling, even sales and marketing? Finally, what does the scientific evidence say about the widely debated notion of ESP?

The Psychology Of Secrets

Author : Anita E. Kelly
ISBN : 9781461506836
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 47 MB
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On an MTV special aired in 2000, young interviewees were asked to confess the worse thing they were ever told during a romantic breakup. One person tearfully responded "that I suck in bed. " More recently, an acquaintance of mine admitted to his new girlfriend that he "has a mean streak. " She decided not to date him after that. Another memorable and painful example of openness occurred years ago when I served as a member of a suicide intervention team. I was called to a very disturbing scene in an upscale neighborhood to console a woman who was threaten ing to take her life on the lawn in front of her children. Her husband had just confessed his long-term affair to her that morning and she felt that her world was coming apart. Fortunately, she did not take her life but was left with the humiliation of haVing her neighbors know about her private troubles. The question these examples bring to mind is, "Why do people so often reveal potentially stigmatizing personal information to others?" The reader probably has an intuitive answer to this question already. It can seem like such a burden-even torture-to keep secrets from other people. Hiding such things as feelings of discontent from a boyfriend or girlfriend, violations of the law from close friends, and indiscretions from employers can be alienating. People want others to know them; therefore they often end up disclosing self-incriminating information.


Author : Jerry M. Burger
ISBN : 9781337559010
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 94 MB
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The respected, recognized best seller in the market, Jerry Burger's PERSONALITY is a solid mid-level book that fuses the best of theory-based and research-based instruction to give students an illuminating introduction to the subject. Burger pairs theory, application, and assessment chapters with chapters that describe the research programs aligned with every major theoretical approach. Biographical sketches of theorists and accounts of the stories behind influential research programs help students understand how classic and contemporary findings relate to each other, and reinforce the idea that theory and research perpetuate one another. In-book self-assessments promote students' interaction with the material. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Stranger In A Strange Land

Author : Gary Younge
ISBN : 1595580689
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 73 MB
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A New York foreign correspondent for The Guardian profiles contemporary America as a bitterly divided nation that is increasingly isolated from the rest of the world, in an account that includes discussions with such figures as Warren Beatty, Michael Moore, and Maya Angelou.

Handbook Of U S Latino Psychology

Author : Francisco A. Villarruel
ISBN : 9781452237053
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 39. 50 MB
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Congratulations to Aida Hurtado and Karina Cervantez- winners of the 2009 Women of Color Psychologies Award! This award, given by the Association of Women in Psychology Association, is voted on by AWP members for contributions of new knowledge and importance to the advancement of the psychology of women of color. Offering broad coverage of all U.S. Latino groups, this volume synthesizes cutting-edge research and methodological advances and provides culturally sophisticated information that can be used by researchers, policy makers, and practitioners. The editors and contributing authors summarize theories and conceptual models that can further our understanding of the development and adaptation of U.S. Latino populations. In addition, they focus on the importance of cultural sensitivity and competence in research and intervention approaches and how to achieve it. Key Features • Highlights the normative development and strengths of U.S. Latino populations • Elaborates on the heterogeneity of Latinos in that it does not assume that all Latino populations, and the contexts of their development, are identical. • Emphasizes on cultural sensitivity and competence at all levels • Focuses on the importance of cultural identity amongst Latinos and its contribution to healthy developmental outcomes.

The Social Psychology Of Perceiving Others Accurately

Author : Judith A. Hall
ISBN : 9781107101517
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65. 42 MB
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This comprehensive overview presents cutting-edge research on the fast-expanding field of interpersonal perception.

Intimate Relationships

Author : Rowland Miller
ISBN : 9780077432812
Genre : Education
File Size : 69. 86 MB
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