structured fluids polymers colloids surfactants

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Structured Fluids

Author : Thomas A. Witten
ISBN : 9780198526889
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 55 MB
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Over the last thirty years, the study of liquids containing polymers, surfactants or colloidal particles has developed from a loose assembly of facts into a coherent discipline with substantial predictive power. These liquids expand our conception of what condensed matter can do. Such structured-fluid phenomena dominate the physical environment within living cells. This book teaches how to think of these fluids from a unified point of view, showing the far-reaching effects of thermal fluctuations in producing forces and motions. Keeping mathematics to a minimum, the book seeks the simplest explanations that account for the distinctive scaling properties of these fluids. An example is the growth of viscosity of a polymer solution as the cube of the molecular weight of the constituent polymers. Another is the hydrodynamic radius of a colloidal aggregate, which remains comparable to its geometrical radius even though the density of particles in the aggregate becomes arbitrarily small. The book aims for a simplicity, unity and depth not found in previous treatments. The text is supplemented by numerous figures, tables and problems to aid the student.

Nanostructured Soft Matter

Author : A.V. Zvelindovsky
ISBN : 9781402063305
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 3 MB
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This book provides an interdisciplinary overview of a new and broad class of materials under the unifying name Nanostructured Soft Matter. It covers materials ranging from short amphiphilic molecules to block copolymers, proteins, colloids and their composites, microemulsions and bio-inspired systems such as vesicles.

Bubbles Drops And Particles In Non Newtonian Fluids Second Edition

Author : R.P. Chhabra
ISBN : 9781420015386
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 53 MB
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Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Non-Newtonian Fluids, Second Edition continues to provide thorough coverage of the scientific foundations and the latest advances in particle motion in non-Newtonian media. The book demonstrates how dynamic behavior of single particles can yield useful information for modeling transport processes in complex multiphase flows. Completely revised and expanded, this second edition covers macroscopic momentum and heat/mass transfer from a single rigid or fluid particle or ensembles of particles involving strong inter-particle interactions including packed beds, fluidized beds, and porous media with different types of non-Newtonian fluids. It reflects advances made since the publication of the previous, bestselling edition with new material on topics such as extensional flow; time-independent, time-dependent and visco-elastic fluids; free settling behavior of non-spherical particles; and particle motion in visco-elastic and visco-plastic fluids, boundary layer flows, flows in porous media, and falling object rheometry. An excellent reference and handbook dealing with the technological aspects of non-Newtonian materials encountered in nature and in technology, this book highlights qualitative differences between the response of a Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids in the complex flows encountered in processing applications.

Theory Of Simple Liquids

Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen
ISBN : 9780123870339
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 80 MB
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Comprehensive coverage of topics in the theory of classical liquids Widely regarded as the standard text in its field, Theory of Simple Liquids gives an advanced but self-contained account of liquid state theory within the unifying framework provided by classical statistical mechanics. The structure of this revised and updated Fourth Edition is similar to that of the previous one but there are significant shifts in emphasis and much new material has been added. Major changes and Key Features in content include: Expansion of existing sections on simulation methods, liquid-vapour coexistence, the hierarchical reference theory of criticality, and the dynamics of super-cooled liquids. New sections on binary fluid mixtures, surface tension, wetting, the asymptotic decay of pair correlations, fluids in porous media, the thermodynamics of glasses, and fluid flow at solid surfaces. An entirely new chapter on applications to 'soft matter' of a combination of liquid state theory and coarse graining strategies, with sections on polymer solutions and polymer melts, colloidal dispersions, colloid-polymer mixtures, lyotropic liquid crystals, colloidal dynamics, and on clustering and gelation. Expansion of existing sections on simulation methods, liquid-vapour coexistence, the hierarchian reference of criticality, and the dynamics of super-cooled liquids. New sections on binary fluid mixtures, surface tension, wetting, the asymptotic decay of pair correlations, fluids in porous media, the thermodynamics of glasses, and fluid flow at solid surfaces. An entirely new chapter on applications to 'soft matter' of a combination of liquid state theory and coarse graining strategies, with sections on polymer solutions and polymer melts, colloidal dispersions, colloid-polymer mixtures, lyotropic liquid crystals, colloidal dynamics, and on clustering and gelation.

Soft Matter Physics

Author : Masao Doi
ISBN : 9780199652952
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 31 MB
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Soft matter (polymers, colloids, surfactants, liquid crystals) are an important class of materials for modern and future technologies. They are complex materials that behave neither like a fluid nor a solid. This book describes the characteristics of such materials and how we can understand such characteristics in the language of physics.

Fluids Colloids And Soft Materials

Author : Alberto Fernandez-Nieves
ISBN : 9781118065624
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 76 MB
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This book presents a compilation of self-contained chapters covering a wide range of topics within the broad field of soft condensed matter. Each chapter starts with basic definitions to bring the reader up-to-date on the topic at hand, describing how to use fluid flows to generate soft materials of high value either for applications or for basic research. Coverage includes topics related to colloidal suspensions and soft materials and how they differ in behavior, along with a roadmap for researchers on how to use soft materials to study relevant physics questions related to geometrical frustration.

Introduction To Physical Polymer Science

Author : L. H. Sperling
ISBN : 9781119103745
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Soft Matter

Author : Roberto Piazza
ISBN : 9400705859
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 23 MB
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Roberto Piazza says: “Physics should be made simple enough to be amusing, but not so trivial as to spoil the fun.” This is exactly the approach of this book in making the science of ‘soft matter’ relevant to everyday life things such as the food we eat, the plastic we use, the concrete we build with, the cells we are made of.

Colloidal Foundations Of Nanoscience

Author : Debora Berti
ISBN : 9780444595423
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 95 MB
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Colloidal Foundations of Nanoscience explores the theory and concepts of colloid chemistry and its applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology. It provides the essential conceptual and methodological tools to approach nano-research issues. The authors’ expertise in colloid science will contribute to the understanding of basic issues involved in research. Each chapter covers a classical subject of colloid science, in simple and straightforward terms, and addresses its relevance to nanoscience before introducing case studies. Gathers in a single volume the information currently scattered across various sources Straightforward introduction of theoretical concepts and in-depth case studies help you understand molecular mechanisms and master advanced techniques Includes chapter on self-assembly as an alternative to nanostructured phases Includes examples showing applications of classical concepts to real-world cutting-edge research

Structure And Functional Properties Of Colloidal Systems

Author : Roque Hidalgo-Alvarez
ISBN : 142008447X
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 17 MB
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Integrating fundamental research with the technical applications of this rapidly evolving field, Structure and Functional Properties of Colloidal Systems clearly presents the connections between structure and functional aspects in colloid and interface science. It explores the physical fundamentals of colloid science, new developments of synthesis and conditioning, and many possible applications. Theory Divided into three parts, the book begins with a discussion of the theoretical side of colloid dynamics. It then transitions to dynamically arrested states and capillary forces in colloidal systems at fluid interfaces. Structure Covering the structural aspects of different colloidal systems, the second section examines electric double layers and effective interactions as well as the structure of extremely bimodal suspensions and filaments made up of microsized magnetic particles. The contributors analyze the role played by the attractive interaction, confinement, and external fields on the structure of colloidal systems. They also discuss structural aspects in food emulsions and the rheological properties of structured fluids. Functional Materials The last part focuses on examples of functional colloids. These include polymer colloids, protein-functionalized colloidal particles, magnetic particles, metallic nanoparticles, micro- and nanogels, responsive microgels, colloidal photonic crystals, microfluidics, gel-glass dispersed liquid crystals (GDLCs) devices, and nanoemulsions. This volume provides a sound understanding of the link between the structure and functional properties in two- and three-dimensional colloidal systems. It describes techniques to functionalize colloids, characterization methods, the physical fundamentals of structure formation, diffusion dynamics, transport properties in equilibrium, the physical fundamentals of nonequilibrium systems, the measuring principles to exploit properties in applications, the differences in designing lab experiments and devices, and several application examples.

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