student financing of higher education a comparative perspective international studies in higher education

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Student Financing Of Higher Education

Author : Donald E. Heller
ISBN : 9781135069452
Genre : Education
File Size : 32. 64 MB
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The financing of higher education is undergoing great change in many countries around the world. In recent years many countries are moving from a system where the costs of funding higher education are shouldered primarily by taxpayers, through government subsidies, to one where students pay a larger share of the costs. There are a number of factors driving these trends, including: A push for massification of higher education, in the recognition that additional revenue streams are required above and beyond those funds available from governments in order to achieve higher participation rates Macroeconomic factors, which lead to constraints on overall government revenues Political factors, which manifest in demands for funding of over services, thus restricting the funding available for higher (tertiary) education A concern that the returns to higher education accrue primarily to the individual, rather than to society, and thus students should bear more of the burden of paying for it This volume will help to contribute to an understanding of how these trends occur in various countries and regions around the world, and the impact they have on higher education institutions, students, and society as a whole. With contributions for the UK, USA, South Africa and China this vital new book gives a truly global picture of the rapidly changing situation

New Languages And Landscapes Of Higher Education

Author : Peter Scott
ISBN : 9780198787082
Genre :
File Size : 72. 49 MB
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The landscapes of higher education have been changing rapidly, with enormous growths in participation rates in many countries across the world, and major developments and changes within institutions. But the languages that we need to conceptualise and understand these changes have not been keeping pace. The central argument in this book is that new ways of thinking about higher education, the new languages of its title, are needed to understand the role of universities and colleges in contemporary society and culture and the global economy, new landscapes. Over-reliance on existing conceptualisations of higher education, has made it difficult to understand fully the nature of 21st-century higher education. It may also have encouraged a view that there is no alternative to the development of more marketized forms of higher education. The analysis offered suggests that the future is much more open. It argues that familiar categories, normally accepted as givens, are actually more fluid. 'Systems' of higher education, whether expressed through direct public funding or through regulatory regimes, are being eroded. 'Institutions', often assumed to be to be given enhanced agency by more corporate forms of management and governance), are no longer powerful actors, if they ever were. 'Research', often corralled by assessment and management systems, is becoming more diffuse and distributed. 'Learning', supposedly more focused on skill outcomes and employability, retains a more broadly educative function. The 'publicness' of higher education has not disappeared as public funding has diminished, but taken on new forms. With contributions from leading figures, drawn from a wide range of countries, this book provides an authoritative analysis of many of the major issues which dominate discussion with respect to policy, practice and research in the field of higher education, and it can expect to become a major source book for all who are interested in the development of higher education in the 21st Century.

Higher Education Policy An International Comparative Perspective

Author : F. Kaiser
ISBN : 9781483297163
Genre : Education
File Size : 51. 72 MB
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Tremendous changes are affecting the structure and funding of higher education in many countries. This volume attempts to identify and analyze the principles, structural features and modes of work of the different higher education policies operating in eleven countries, as well as their commonalities and differences in the light of both general international trends and country-specific factors. In order to gather the relevant information for the project, national correspondents were provided with an overarching framework to guide them in their work and to ensure maximum comparability of the resulting reports. Each country report is broken down into four sections: the structure and goals of higher education systems; authority in the system; higher education policy; and the impact of each on institutional governance and management. The final chapter draws together the general trends which have emerged: a move towards less state control; a strengthening of institutional autonomy and increased governance; competition between institutions; privatization of funding; greater market orientation and growing institutional accountability for quality and service.

Education Loan And Inclusive Growth

Author : Jacob John
ISBN : 9781443854320
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 60 MB
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The book discusses the significance of the education loan as a tool for financing the higher education of students of all backgrounds in developing countries with special reference to India. The academic cost of providing greater access to higher education with emphasis on quality is disproportionately high in several developing countries and, as such, there is a need to raise more resources to meet the different components of costs of higher education such as academic costs, academic support cost and student welfare costs. There is also an emerging need for raising resources from non-government sources to fund higher education. The education loan within an appropriate framework of inclusiveness is a significant non-government source of finance. The book deals with different models of education loan systems prevailing in various countries and covers Indian experiences in the area of education loans, as a case study of a developing country. Based on field studies conducted in four Indian states, the book explains that the higher education loan system in India has not been inclusive of poorer sections of society, particularly people from rural areas. The book also includes an elaborate discussion on the operation of education loans given by banks in four Indian states and examines various issues of the education loan system and formulates an action plan to popularize it as a tool for financing higher education in developing countries. The book will interest scholars and practitioners in the areas of education, banking and finance generally, and development economics in particular.

Managing Universities

Author : Ivar Bleiklie
ISBN : 9783319538655
Genre : Education
File Size : 82. 55 MB
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This book asks how modern universities are organized and managed, and questions whether 30 years of university reforms have resulted in stronger managerial structures and leadership control. It further asks whether current organisational and decision-making structures can be explained by public reform policies. The book offers a coherent, empirically grounded and theoretically driven presentation of data and core ideas behind a large scale comparative study of 26 universities across eight European countries. It focuses on the strength of university managerial structures, the role of academics, and how universities relate to and depend on their environment: to governments and other actors; to funders; to evaluators; and to external stakeholders. It further explores how higher education policies are shaped by and affect universities. Written by a cross-disciplinary team of European scholars, this book is unique both in its wide coverage and the depth of its analyses. It will be of great interest to scholars, graduate students and advanced undergraduates in the fields of organisation theory and sociology, policy studies, comparative public policy and administration, and higher education studies. It will also be of interest to higher education policy makers and administrators.

The Politics Of Higher Education In A Comparative Perspective

Author : Rune Premfors
ISBN : UOM:39015025124671
Genre : Higher education and state
File Size : 82. 16 MB
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Turnaround

Author : James Martin
ISBN : 9780801890680
Genre : Education
File Size : 54. 78 MB
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Nearly one thousand colleges and universities in the United States face major challenges—from catastrophic hurricanes to loss of accreditation to sagging enrollment. What can leaders of such at-risk institutions do to improve their situation? Turnaround gives college and university leaders the tools they need to put their fragile institutions back on a path to success. This comprehensive handbook outlines how board members, presidents, and administrators can identify their institutions’ weaknesses, implement plans for improvement, and mitigate existing damage. Turnaround also identifies the legal pitfalls that often accompany institutional change, offering solutions for how to overcome such obstacles or avoid them altogether. Evaluating the experiences of two hundred college leaders, the contributors share such critical information as: • 20 indicators of institutional vulnerability• 10 necessary skills for presidents directing a turnaround• 5 characteristics of institutions that have completed successful turnarounds• 10 lessons of successful turnarounds Featuring candid advice from decision makers who have faced severe challenges, Turnaround is a valuable resource for college and university leaders facing tough times.

Routledge International Encyclopedia Of Women

Author : Cheris Kramarae
ISBN : 9781135963156
Genre : Reference
File Size : 57. 25 MB
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For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Third Delight

Author : Rui Yang
ISBN : 0415933722
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71. 44 MB
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Globalization and internationalization are salient features of our times in significant modern and post-modern social theories. This study contributes to the literature, and delineates a comprehensive picture of China's higher education internationalization, with an analysis of its costs and benefits, set in an international comparative perspective.

Financing Higher Education Worldwide

Author : D. Bruce Johnstone
ISBN : 9780801894572
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85. 37 MB
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No issue in higher education is as salient, or as controversial, as finance. As demand for higher education around the world grows, so do the costs associated with it, especially as governments shoulder less of the burden. Tuition fees rise and student loan debt grows. Who pays for these surging costs? Who should pay? D. Bruce Johnstone and Pamela N. Marcucci examine the universal phenomenon of cost-sharing in higher education—where financial responsibility shifts from governments and taxpayers to students and families. They find that growing costs for education far outpace public revenue streams that once supported it. Even with financial aid and scholarships defraying some of these costs, students are responsible for a greater share of the cost of higher education. Featuring comprehensive economic and policy data, the authors' international comparative approach shows how economically diverse countries all face similar cost-sharing challenges. So, who should pay for higher education? While cost-sharing is both politically and ideologically debated, Johnstone and Marcucci contend that, for almost all countries, it is imperative for the financial health of colleges and universities, bringing better efficiency, equity, and responsiveness. Financing Higher Education Worldwide combines sophisticated economic explanations with sensitive political and cultural analyses of the financial pressures facing higher education throughout the world.

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