synthetic aesthetics investigating synthetic biology s designs on nature

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Synthetic Aesthetics

Author : Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg
ISBN : 9780262019996
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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As synthetic biology transforms living matter into a medium for making, what is the role of design and its associated values?

Synthetic Aesthetics

Author : Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg
ISBN : 9780262321617
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 88 MB
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Synthetic biology manipulates the stuff of life. For synthetic biologists, living matter is programmable material. In search of carbon-neutral fuels, sustainable manufacturing techniques, and innovative drugs, these researchers aim to redesign existing organisms and even construct completely novel biological entities. Some synthetic biologists see themselves as designers, inventing new products and applications. But if biology is viewed as a malleable, engineerable, designable medium, what is the role of design and how will its values apply?In this book, synthetic biologists, artists, designers, and social scientists investigate synthetic biology and design. After chapters that introduce the science and set the terms of the discussion, the book follows six boundary-crossing collaborations between artists and designers and synthetic biologists from around the world, helping us understand what it might mean to 'design nature.' These collaborations have resulted in biological computers that calculate form; speculative packaging that builds its own contents; algae that feeds on circuit boards; and a sampling of human cheeses. They raise intriguing questions about the scientific process, the delegation of creativity, our relationship to designed matter, and, the importance of critical engagement. Should these projects be considered art, design, synthetic biology, or something else altogether?Synthetic biology is driven by its potential; some of these projects are fictions, beyond the current capabilities of the technology. Yet even as fictions, they help illuminate, question, and even shape the future of the field.

Bio Design

Author : William Myers
ISBN : 0870709526
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 84. 45 MB
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Designers and artists have always looked to nature for inspiration and materials, but only recently have they been able to alter and incorporate living organisms in their work. In a world with finite resources and a growing population, design that mimics or appropriates the sustainable template of nature is likely to prove as vital as it is novel. 'Bio Design' examines some seventy projects (concepts, prototypes and completed designs) that cover the fields of architecture, industrial processes, education, fine art, material engineering and bioengineering. Each project is illustrated by a short text, images and captions that combine to explain the problems the venture tackles, and how living materials and processes were harnessed to solve them in sustainable and aesthetically pleasing ways. Many of the solutions also provoke thought about manipulating life for human ends.

Synthetic

Author : Sophia Roosth
ISBN : 9780226440460
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 64 MB
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In the final years of the twentieth century, emigres from mechanical and electrical engineering and computer science resolved that if the aim of biology was to understand life, then making life would yield better theories than experimentation. Sophia Roosth, a cultural anthropologist, takes us into the world of these self-named synthetic biologists who, she shows, advocate not experiment but manufacture, not reduction but construction, not analysis but synthesis. Roosth reveals how synthetic biologists make new living things in order to understand better how life works. What we see through her careful questioning is that the biological features, theories, and limits they fasten upon are determined circularly by their own experimental tactics. This is a story of broad interest, because the active, interested making of the synthetic biologists is endemic to the sciences of our time."

Synthetic Biology

Author : Josefine Liljeruhm
ISBN : 9789814579568
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 34 MB
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Synthetic Biology: A Lab Manual is the first manual for laboratory work in the new and rapidly expanding field of synthetic biology. Aimed at non-specialists, it details protocols central to synthetic biology in both education and research. In addition, it provides all the information that teachers and students from high schools and tertiary institutions need for a colorful lab course in bacterial synthetic biology using chromoproteins and designer antisense RNAs. As a bonus, practical material is provided for students of the annual international Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition. The manual is based upon a highly successful course at Sweden's Uppsala University and is coauthored by one of the pioneers of synthetic biology and two bioengineering postgraduate students. An inspiring foreword is written by another pioneer in the field, Harvard's George Church: “Synthetic biology is to early recombinant DNA as a genome is to a gene. Is there anything that SynBio will not impact? There was no doubt that the field of SynBio needed ‘A Lab Manual’ such as the one that you now hold in your hands.” Read about the interview with the authors! Contents:Introduction:What is Synthetic Biology, Exactly?The iGEM OutbreakA Synthetic Biology Lab ManualGenes, Chromoproteins and Antisense RNAs:E. coli DNA: Chromosomes, Plasmids and Copy NumberCoupling of Transcription and Translation in BacteriaPromoter and Terminator for TranscriptionRibosome Binding Site (RBS)Codon BiasChromoproteinsSmall Regulatory RNAs (sRNAs)Lab Rooms and Equipment:The Physical Lab SpacesEquipmentSafety is Priority #1:FiresChemicalsBiological Safety and DisposalDangerous EquipmentLab Course Projects:Time and ResourcesProject Overview and Learning ObjectivesThe Lab NotebookLab Section 1. Preparation of Chemical Solutions and Agar PlatesLab Section 2. Coloring Bacteria by Adding a Promoter to a Chromoprotein GeneLab Section 3: Rational Engineering of Chromoprotein Expression LevelLab Section 4. Other ExperimentsThe “Dreaded” ExamProtocols:IntroductionProtocol 1. Preparation of Solutions and Agar PlatesProtocol 2. Overnight Cultures with Antibiotics, and Glycerol StocksProtocol 3. BioBrick™ 3A Assembly and Gel AnalysisProtocol 4. Agarose Gel ElectrophoresisProtocol 5. Preparation of Competent E. coli Cells Using CaCl2Protocol 6. Transformation of CaCl2-Competent E. coli CellsProtocol 7. Bacterial Re-Streaking TechniquesProtocol 8. Lysis of E. coli Cells with LysozymeProtocol 9. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)Protocol 10. Inverse PCR MutagenesisProtocol 11. Colony PCRProtocol 12. Gibson AssemblyAdvanced Methods:Flow Cytometry and Cell SortingRecombination in Plasmids and the ChromosomeElectrocompetent CellsThe International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Competition:How to Start an iGEM TeamUppsala iGEM 2011 — Show Color with ColorUppsala iGEM 2012 — Resistance is FutileUppsala iGEM 2013 — Lactonutritious — It's DeliciousAppendices Readership: Students and researchers in biotechnology, cell/molecular biology and genetics. Keywords:Synthetic Biology;Genetic Engineering;DNA Cloning;Polymerase Chain Reaction;Molecular Biology;Laboratory;Biobrick;Chromoprotein;Manual;CourseReviews: It provides an introductory workflow for common techniques and would be of definite use to educators wanting to bring synthetic biology into the classroom or for motivated undergraduate students with the desire to start thir own iGEM team.” Synthetic Biology See Full Review

Bio Art

Author : William Myers
ISBN : 0500239320
Genre : Art
File Size : 39. 39 MB
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In our age of fast-paced biotechnological progress and humans' increasing impact on the environment the autonomy of 'nature' has come into question. We can now engineer living things, blur the biological distinctions between humans and animals, and influence parts of our world that we cannot see - such as DNA and genes. These discoveries and far-reaching developments have created fertile ground for artistic expression. This book reveals the ways in which the work of bio artists offers new meanings for our lives in the wake of scientific discovery, as well as new frameworks for describing them. Four thematic chapters cover the key areas in which biotechnology has had an impact on today's world, including ecology, biomedicine, designer genomes and evolutionary theory, profiling the work of 60 artists, collectives and organizations from countries including France, Germany, the US, the Netherlands, Mexico and Japan. Interviews with eight bio artists and technologists, including Arne Hendriks, Mark Dion, Boo Chapple, Heather Dewey-Hagborg and Raphael Kim, provide a deeper insight into the ideas and methods of this new breed of creative practitioner.

The Politics Of The Impure

Author : Joke Brouwer
ISBN : 9789056627485
Genre : Art
File Size : 20. 59 MB
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Edited by Joke Brouwer, Arjun Appadurai, Bruce Sterling, Gunnar Heinsohn, Lynn Margulis, Raj Patel.

Biology Is Technology

Author : Robert H. Carlson
ISBN : 9780674053625
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 76 MB
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In Biology Is Technology, author Robert Carlson offers a uniquely informed perspective on the endeavors that contribute to current progress in the science of biological systems and the technology used to manipulate them.

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Jerry Kaplan
ISBN : 9780190602413
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47. 9 MB
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Over the coming decades, Artificial Intelligence will profoundly impact the way we live, work, wage war, play, seek a mate, educate our young, and care for our elderly. It is likely to greatly increase our aggregate wealth, but it will also upend our labor markets, reshuffle our social order, and strain our private and public institutions. Eventually it may alter how we see our place in the universe, as machines pursue goals independent of their creators and outperform us in domains previously believed to be the sole dominion of humans. Whether we regard them as conscious or unwitting, revere them as a new form of life or dismiss them as mere clever appliances, is beside the point. They are likely to play an increasingly critical and intimate role in many aspects of our lives. The emergence of systems capable of independent reasoning and action raises serious questions about just whose interests they are permitted to serve, and what limits our society should place on their creation and use. Deep ethical questions that have bedeviled philosophers for ages will suddenly arrive on the steps of our courthouses. Can a machine be held accountable for its actions? Should intelligent systems enjoy independent rights and responsibilities, or are they simple property? Who should be held responsible when a self-driving car kills a pedestrian? Can your personal robot hold your place in line, or be compelled to testify against you? If it turns out to be possible to upload your mind into a machine, is that still you? The answers may surprise you.

Molecular Aesthetics

Author : Peter Weibel
ISBN : 0262018780
Genre : Art
File Size : 62. 83 MB
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Thanks to advances in molecular science and microscopy, we can visualize matter on a nanoscale, and structures not visible to the naked eye can be visualized and characterized. The fact that technology allows us to transcend the limits of natural perception and see what was previously unseeable creates a new dimension of aesthetic experience and practice: molecular aesthetics. This book, drawing on an exhibit and symposium at ZKM | Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe, documents aesthetic developments in what Félix Guattari called the "molecular revolution." Just as artists in the Bauhaus movement began to use such industrial materials as metal, Plexiglas, and alloys as raw materials, artists today have access to new realms of the molecular and nano. The industrial aesthetic of machinery and material has been transformed into an aesthetic of media and molecules. Molecular Aesthetics suggests ways in which art can draw inspiration from the molecular sciences -- and ways in which science can use art to make experimental results more intelligible and comprehensible. The authors of the essays collected in the book discuss the creation of molecules of remarkable beauty and the functional properties that stem from a few geometrical principles of molecular design; address the history of molecular structure representation; examine the meaning of molecular aesthetics for scientists; and compare chemical structures to artworks.

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