tax evasion and the rule of law in latin america the political culture of cheating and compliance in argentina and chile

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Tax Evasion And The Rule Of Law In Latin America

Author : Marcelo Bergman
ISBN : 9780271035635
Genre : Law
File Size : 33. 73 MB
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Few tasks are as crucial for the future of democracy in Latin America&—and, indeed, in other underdeveloped areas of the world&—as strengthening the rule of law and reforming the system of taxation. In this book, Marcelo Bergman shows how success in getting citizens to pay their taxes is related intimately to the social norms that undergird the rule of law. The threat of legal sanctions is itself insufficient to motivate compliance, he argues. That kind of deterrence works best when citizens already have other reasons to want to comply, based on their beliefs about what is fair and about how their fellow citizens are behaving. The problem of &"free riding,&" which arises when cheaters can count on enough suckers to pay their taxes so they can avoid doing so and still benefit from the government&’s supply of public goods, cannot be reversed just by stringent law, because the success of governmental enforcement ultimately depends on the social equilibrium that predominates in each country. Culture and state effectiveness are inherently linked. Using a wealth of new data drawn from his own multidimensional research involving game theory, statistical models, surveys, and simulations, Bergman compares Argentina and Chile to show how, in two societies that otherwise share much in common, the differing traditions of rule of law explain why so many citizens evade paying taxes in Argentina&—and why, in Chile, most citizens comply with the law. In the concluding chapter, he draws implications for public policy from the empirical findings and generalizes his argument to other societies in Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe.

High Courts And Economic Governance In Argentina And Brazil

Author : Diana Kapiszewski
ISBN : 9781107008281
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 55 MB
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This study analyzes how elected leaders and high courts in Argentina and Brazil interact over economic governance.

Rethinking Taxation In Latin America

Author : Jorge Atria
ISBN : 9783319601199
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 75 MB
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This study of taxation in Latin America takes a novel approach to the subject, using a framework that posits three dimensions for studying taxes—historical, relational, and transnational. The book argues that: first, taxation should be understood as a relational concept and tax systems as a function of a strategic nexus between the state and society; second, that any analysis of tax systems across Latin America needs to take historical legacies of national tax systems into account; and finally, that transnational phenomena have significant implications for tax regime dynamics in Latin America. The essays included provide diverse and representative insights for a new understanding of taxation in Latin America and highlight the bottlenecks to the development of sustainable tax systems in the region, exploring new links between academic research and policy-making.

I Swear I Ll Make It Up To You

Author : Mishka Shubaly
ISBN : 9781610395595
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 66. 79 MB
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An odyssey of family, heartbreak, violence, punk rock, brokenness, broke-ness, sex, love, loss, drinking, drinking, drinking, and an unlikely savior: distance running. A misfit kid at the best of times, Mishka Shubaly had his world shattered when, in a twenty-four-hour span in 1992, he survived a mass shooting on his school’s campus, then learned that his parents were getting divorced. His father, a prominent rocket scientist, abandoned the family and their home was lost to foreclosure. Shubaly swore to avenge the wrongs against his mother, but instead plunged into a magnificently toxic love affair with alcohol. Almost two decades later, Shubaly’s life changed again when a fateful five-mile run after a bar fight inspired him to clean up his life. And when he finally reconnected with his estranged father, he discovered the story of his childhood was radically different from what he thought he knew. In this fiercely honest, emotional, and self-laceratingly witty book, Shubaly relives his mistakes, misfortunes, and infrequent good decisions: the disastrous events that fractured his life; his incendiary romances; his hot-and-cold career as a rock musician; meeting his newborn nephew while out of his gourd on cough syrup. I Swear I’ll Make It Up to You is an apology for choices Shubaly never thought he’d live long enough to regret, a journey so far down the low road that it took him years of running to claw his way back.

Legal Stagings

Author : Kjell Å Modéer
ISBN : 9788763531610
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 65 MB
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In this book a group of lawyers and legal historians has tried to identify the new Nordic legal map which is under construction. This volume is a collection of papers addressing legal staging, and most of the articles combine theoretical approaches to the visuality of law with practical experiences and effects. The texts show that law is so much more than law in action and law in books; law is also part of a visual culture. It contributes to that culture and is, in turn, analysed, maintained and criticised by that culture. At the same time, the cultural manifestations of law change the way we understand law and, thus, changes law itself.

Building Tax Culture Compliance And Citizenship A Global Source Book On Taxpayer Education

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264205154
Genre :
File Size : 76. 8 MB
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This sourcebook captures innovative strategies in 28 countries in order to provide ideas and inspiration to revenue authorities in developing countries with regards to taxpayer education, literacy and outreach to strengthen the tax morale and tax compliance of their citizens.

Commercial Agency Agreements

Author : Susan Singleton
ISBN : 9781780434834
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 73 MB
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Commercial Agency Agreements: Law and Practice looks at the standard commercial agency agreement where an agent is self-employed and paid a commission on sales he or she generates for the principal as it is those agents that fall within the Regulations. It addresses the drafting of such agreements as well as termination and compensation and includes examples of agency contracts and coverage of the majority of UK judgments. The fourth edition has been updated to include: New commercial agency cases which are analysed and implications of the judgments explained; Following the Jackson reforms and the new conditional fee and damages based agreements there have been major changes to the litigation regime in 2013 which have a significant impact on agents' claims for compensation; Best practice and guidance in light of case decisions on agency law and EU competition law changes. Chapter 1: Introduction and definitions Chapter 2: Duties of the agent and principal - choosing and using and agent Chapter 3: Competition law and agency agreements Chapter 4: Commission and other payments Chapter 5: Monitoring and terminating an agency agreement Chapter 6: Compensation, indemnities and litigation Chapter 7: Valuations of Commercial Agents Chapter 8: Foreign agency arrangements Appendix 1: UK commercial agency laws and materials Appendix 2: European Community materials Appendix 3: Transcript of judgments Appendix 4: Sample agency agreements

Redrawing The Nation

Author : H. L'Hoeste
ISBN : 9780230103184
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 99 MB
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This volume discusses the role of comics in the formation of a modern sense of nationhood in Latin America and the rise of a collective Latino identity in the USA. It is one of the first attempts - in English and from a cultural studies perspective - to cover Latin/o American comics with a fully continental scope. Specific cases include cultural powerhouses like Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, as well as the production of lesser-known industries, like Chile, Cuba, and Peru.

Illegal Drugs Drug Trafficking And Violence In Latin America

Author : Marcelo Bergman
ISBN : 9783319731537
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 45 MB
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This book describes the main patterns and trends of drug trafficking in Latin America and analyzes its political, economic and social effects on several countries over the last twenty years. Its aim is to provide readers an introductory yet elaborate text on the illegal drug problem in the region. It first seeks to define and measure the problem, and then discusses some of the implications that the growth of production, trafficking, and consumption of illegal drugs had in the economies, in the social fabrics, and in the domestic and international policies of Latin American countries. This book analyzes the illegal drugs problem from a Latin American perspective. Although there is a large literature and research on drug use and trade in the USA, Canada, Europe and the Far East, little is understood on the impact of narcotics in countries that have supplied a large share of the drugs used worldwide. This work explores how routes into Europe and the USA are developed, why the so-called drug cartels exist in the region, what level of profits illegal drugs generate, how such gains are distributed among producers, traffickers, and dealers and how much they make, why violence spread in certain places but not in others, and which alternative policies were taken to address the growing challenges posed by illegal drugs. With a strong empirical foundation based on the best available data, Illegal Drugs, Drug Trafficking and Violence in Latin America explains how rackets in the region built highly profitable enterprises transshipping and smuggling drugs northbound and why the large circulation of drugs also produced the emergence of vibrant domestic markets, which doubled the number of drug users in the region the last 10 years. It presents the best available information for 18 countries, and the final two chapters analyze in depth two rather different case studies: Mexico and Argentina.

Fair Growth

Author : Nancy Birdsall
ISBN : 1933286164
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 97 MB
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