the acquisition and retention of knowledge a cognitive view

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The Acquisition And Retention Of Knowledge A Cognitive View

Author : D.P. Ausubel
ISBN : 9789401594547
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24. 9 MB
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In 1963 an initial attempt was made in my The Psychology of Meaningful Verbal Learning to present a cognitive theory of meaningful as opposed to rote verbal learning. It was based on the proposition that the acquisition and retention of knowl edge (particularly of verbal knowledge as, for example, in school, or subject-matter learning) is the product of an active, integrative, interactional process between instructional material (subject matter) and relevant ideas in the leamer's cognitive structure to which the new ideas are relatable in particular ways. This book is a full-scale revision of my 1963 monograph, The Psychology of Meaningful Verbal Learning, in the sense that it addresses the major aforementioned and hitherto unmet goals by providing for an expansion, clarification, differentiation, and sharper focusing of the principal psychological variables and processes involved in meaningful learning and retention, i.e., for their interrelationships and interactions leading to the generation of new meanings in the individual learner. The preparation of this new monograph was largely necessitated by the virtual collapse of the neobe havioristic theoretical orientation to learning during the previous forty years; and by the meteoric rise in the seventies and beyond of constructivist approaches to learning theory.

Wie Kleine Kinder Schlau Werden

Author : John Caldwell Holt
ISBN : 3407228554
Genre :
File Size : 68. 26 MB
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Ausgehend von der Beobachtung des kindlichen Spielens erläutert der Autor, wie Kinder denken und lernen.

Modellierung Von Investorenverhalten

Author : Martin Reimann
ISBN : 3824483610
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 66 MB
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Menschliches Verhalten und Kauferverhalten wurden bereits in ihren unterschiedlichen Facetten und aus der Perspektive verschiedener wissenschaftlicher und praktischer Disziplinen beleuchtet. So wurde beispielsweise das Verhalten von Investoren, d.h. von Kaufern an Finanzmarkten, aus der Sicht der Okonomie und der Psychologie ausfuhrlich untersucht. Allerdings wurde der Einfluss kultureller Werte auf das Verhalten von Kaufern bisher vernachlassigt. Martin Reimann verknupft kulturelle Wertekonstrukte und intrapersonale Verhaltenskonstrukte, unterzieht sie einer kausalanalytischen Untersuchung und stellt sie im Rahmen von Partialmodellen des kulturell bedingten Investorenverhaltens dar. Anschliessend leitet er Implikationen fur interkulturelle Investor Relations ab und erarbeitet damit eine qualitative Basis fur eine differenzierte Kommunikation zwischen Investor-Relations-Managern und Investoren.

Encyclopedia Of Educational Theory And Philosophy

Author : D. C. Phillips
ISBN : 9781483364759
Genre : Education
File Size : 78. 59 MB
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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Psychologie Des Unterrichts

Author : David P. Ausubel
ISBN : OCLC:610675239
Genre :
File Size : 51. 56 MB
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Learning And Learning Difficulties

Author : Peter Westwood
ISBN : 9780864317698
Genre : Education
File Size : 36. 22 MB
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This teacher resource explores a variety of learning processes, theories and concepts in order to help educators better understand and distinguish between the causes and outcomes of student learning problems. Westwood argues that many learning problems can be prevented or minimised.

Chemistry Education

Author : Javier Garc?a-Mart?nez
ISBN : 9783527679324
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 40 MB
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Winner of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2017 Award This comprehensive collection of top-level contributions provides a thorough review of the vibrant field of chemistry education. Highly-experienced chemistry professors and education experts cover the latest developments in chemistry learning and teaching, as well as the pivotal role of chemistry for shaping a more sustainable future. Adopting a practice-oriented approach, the current challenges and opportunities posed by chemistry education are critically discussed, highlighting the pitfalls that can occur in teaching chemistry and how to circumvent them. The main topics discussed include best practices, project-based education, blended learning and the role of technology, including e-learning, and science visualization. Hands-on recommendations on how to optimally implement innovative strategies of teaching chemistry at university and high-school levels make this book an essential resource for anybody interested in either teaching or learning chemistry more effectively, from experience chemistry professors to secondary school teachers, from educators with no formal training in didactics to frustrated chemistry students.

Creativity In Engineering

Author : David H Cropley
ISBN : 9780128003183
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80. 28 MB
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Creativity is like an iceberg - the resulting new idea, or novel solution is only 10% of the effort. The other 90% is the complex interplay of thinking skills and strategies, personal and motivational properties that activate these skills and strategies, and the social and organizational factors of the environment that influence the creative process. Creativity in Engineering focuses on the Process, Person, Product, and Place to understand when and why creativity happens in the engineering environment and how it can be further encouraged. Special Features: Applies findings in creativity research to the engineering arena Defines engineering creativity and differentiates it from innovation Discusses personality and motivational factors that impact creativity Clarifies the role of creativity in the design process Details the impact of thinking skills and strategies in creativity Identifies the role the organization and environment plays in encouraging creativity Discusses the 4P's of Creativity: Person, Product, Process, and Place Provides tactics and tools that will help users foster creativity in engineering environments Identifies how creativity results in innovative new solutions to problems Applies creativity research and knowledge to the engineering space

Ber Das Ged Chtnis

Author : Hermann Ebbinghaus
ISBN : 353424012X
Genre :
File Size : 90. 52 MB
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Anarchie Staat Utopia

Author : Robert Nozick
ISBN : 3789280992
Genre :
File Size : 45. 24 MB
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Dieses Buch wendet sich gegen den uns immer mehr bedrohenden und wuchernden Moloch Staat. Es enthält eine aufsehenerregende philosophische Herausforderung an die verbreitetsten politischen und sozialen Auffassungen unserer Zeit, sowohl die liberalen, sozialistischen als auch konservativen. "Anarchie, Staat, Utopia" widerspricht der heute vorherrschenden Meinung, daß das Wohl der Menschen nur durch ein Mehr an Staat erreicht werden kann. Der Autor deckt einen Widerspruch unserer Gesellschaft auf, die einerseits soziale Sicherung durch den Staat fordert und andererseits ein Höchstmaß an individueller Freiheit beansprucht. Mit zwingender Logik, gedanklicher Tiefe und außerordentlichem Scharfsinn legt Nozick schonungslos dar, welcher Illusion unsere Gesellschaft erliegt, wenn sie der Maschinerie unseres Staates immer mehr Aufgaben aufbürdet, in der Erwartung, daß nur Bürokratie und Verwaltung in der Lage wären, die Probleme der Menschen zu lösen. Dieser scheinbar unaufhaltsamen Entwicklung stellt Nozick seine These eines Minimalstaates entgegen: Der Staat ist laut Nozick nur gerechtfertigt, wenn er streng auf die Funktion des Schutzes gegen Gewalt, Diebstahl, Betrug und Durchsetzung von Verträgen beschränkt wird. Jedes weitergehende staatliche Eingreifen würde, wie Nozick glänzend darlegt, notwendigerweise die Rechte des einzelnen verletzen. Daraus ergeben sich zwei bemerkenswerte Folgerungen, denen ausführlich nachgegangen wird: ”Der Staat darf seinen Zwangsapparat nicht dazu einsetzen, einige Bürger dazu zu bringen, anderen zu helfen oder jemandem um seines eigenen Wohles oder Schutzes willen etwas zu verbieten.

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