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The Ambiguities Of Experience

Author : James G. March
ISBN : 9780801457777
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47. 53 MB
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"The first component of intelligence involves effective adaptation to an environment. In order to adapt effectively, organizations require resources, capabilities at using them, knowledge about the worlds in which they exist, good fortune, and good decisions. They typically face competition for resources and uncertainties about the future. Many, but possibly not all, of the factors determining their fates are outside their control. Populations of organizations and individual organizations survive, in part, presumably because they possess adaptive intelligence; but survival is by no means assured. The second component of intelligence involves the elegance of interpretations of the experiences of life. Such interpretations encompass both theories of history and philosophies of meaning, but they go beyond such things to comprehend the grubby details of daily existence. Interpretations decorate human existence. They make a claim to significance that is independent of their contribution to effective action. Such intelligence glories in the contemplation, comprehension, and appreciation of life, not just the control of it."—from The Ambiguities of Experience In The Ambiguities of Experience, James G. March asks a deceptively simple question: What is, or should be, the role of experience in creating intelligence, particularly in organizations? Folk wisdom both trumpets the significance of experience and warns of its inadequacies. On one hand, experience is described as the best teacher. On the other hand, experience is described as the teacher of fools, of those unable or unwilling to learn from accumulated knowledge or the teaching of experts. The disagreement between those folk aphorisms reflects profound questions about the human pursuit of intelligence through learning from experience that have long confronted philosophers and social scientists. This book considers the unexpected problems organizations (and the individuals in them) face when they rely on experience to adapt, improve, and survive. While acknowledging the power of learning from experience and the extensive use of experience as a basis for adaptation and for constructing stories and models of history, this book examines the problems with such learning. March argues that although individuals and organizations are eager to derive intelligence from experience, the inferences stemming from that eagerness are often misguided. The problems lie partly in errors in how people think, but even more so in properties of experience that confound learning from it. "Experience," March concludes, "may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher."

Leadership And Coherence

Author : Nathan W. Harter
ISBN : 9781317800088
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 71 MB
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Leadership and Coherence investigates how leaders justify their decisions, and how they bring about coherence amongst followers. Taking a cognitive approach, it builds on the work of Hannah Arendt to attempt a phenomenology of judgment, examining how the moral imperative experienced by leaders can be shared by their community so both leader and led are guided by a mutual purpose. Through biographical case studies of historical leaders, this book illustrates how successful leaders operate in a turbulent world, not only making their own decisions but also gathering likeminded followers to share in a common vision and shared sense of purpose.

Academy Of Management Annual Meeting

Author : Academy of Management
ISBN : CORNELL:31924106960556
Genre : Industrial management
File Size : 75. 66 MB
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New Pathways In Science

Author : Arthur Eddington
ISBN : 9781107630628
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 47 MB
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This book contains lectures given by Sir Arthur Eddington in 1934 on advances in the physical sciences and scientific thought.

Industrial Labor Relations Review

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ISBN : UOM:39015083820426
Genre : Industrial relations
File Size : 86. 51 MB
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Proceedings Of The Annual Gisela Konopka Lectureship

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ISBN : MINN:31951001407322K
Genre : Social service
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Books In Series In The United States

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ISBN : UOM:39015058376966
Genre : Children's literature in series
File Size : 25. 95 MB
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The Columbia Guide To South African Literature In English Since 1945

Author : Gareth Cornwell
ISBN : 9780231503815
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 20. 31 MB
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From the outset, South Africa's history has been marked by division and conflict along racial and ethnic lines. From 1948 until 1994, this division was formalized in the National Party's policy of apartheid. Because apartheid intruded on every aspect of private and public life, South African literature was preoccupied with the politics of race and social engineering. Since the release from prison of Nelson Mandela in 1990, South Africa has been a new nation-in-the-making, inspired by a nonracial idealism yet beset by poverty and violence. South African writers have responded in various ways to Njabulo Ndebele's call to "rediscover the ordinary." The result has been a kaleidoscope of texts in which evolving cultural forms and modes of identity are rearticulated and explored. An invaluable guide for general readers as well as scholars of African literary history, this comprehensive text celebrates the multiple traditions and exciting future of the South African voice. Although the South African Constitution of 1994 recognizes no fewer than eleven official languages, English has remained the country's literary lingua franca. This book offers a narrative overview of South African literary production in English from 1945 to the postapartheid present. An introduction identifies the most interesting and noteworthy writing from the period. Alphabetical entries provide accurate and objective information on genres and writers. An appendix lists essential authors published before 1945.

The Messenger Of Peace

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ISBN : UOM:39015039315786
Genre : Philosophy
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Resources In Education

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ISBN : PSU:000068698133
Genre : Education
File Size : 49. 9 MB
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