the ancient tradition of geometric problems dover books on mathematics

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The Ancient Tradition Of Geometric Problems

Author : Wilbur Richard Knorr
ISBN : 9780486675329
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81. 72 MB
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Illustrated study focuses on attempts by ancient Greeks to solve three classical problems: cube duplication, angle trisection, and circle quadrature. Origins of the study of conics, introduction of special mechanical curves, more. 1986 edition.

Exploring Classical Greek Construction Problems With Interactive Geometry Software

Author : Ad Meskens
ISBN : 9783319428635
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27. 90 MB
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In this book the classical Greek construction problems are explored in a didactical, enquiry based fashion using Interactive Geometry Software (IGS). The book traces the history of these problems, stating them in modern terminology. By focusing on constructions and the use of IGS the reader is confronted with the same problems that ancient mathematicians once faced. The reader can step into the footsteps of Euclid, Viète and Cusanus amongst others and then by experimenting and discovering geometric relationships far exceed their accomplishments. Exploring these problems with the neusis-method lets him discover a class of interesting curves. By experimenting he will gain a deeper understanding of how mathematics is created. More than 100 exercises guide him through methods which were developed to try and solve the problems. The exercises are at the level of undergraduate students and only require knowledge of elementary Euclidean geometry and pre-calculus algebra. It is especially well-suited for those students who are thinking of becoming a mathematics teacher and for mathematics teachers.

The Evolution Of The Euclidean Elements

Author : W.R. Knorr
ISBN : 9789401017541
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44. 90 MB
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The present work has three principal objectives: (1) to fix the chronology of the development of the pre-Euclidean theory of incommensurable magnitudes beginning from the first discoveries by fifth-century Pythago reans, advancing through the achievements of Theodorus of Cyrene, Theaetetus, Archytas and Eudoxus, and culminating in the formal theory of Elements X; (2) to correlate the stages of this developing theory with the evolution of the Elements as a whole; and (3) to establish that the high standards of rigor characteristic of this evolution were intrinsic to the mathematicians' work. In this third point, we wish to counterbalance a prevalent thesis that the impulse toward mathematical rigor was purely a response to the dialecticians' critique of foundations; on the contrary, we shall see that not until Eudoxus does there appear work which may be described as purely foundational in its intent. Through the examination of these problems, the present work will either alter or set in a new light virtually every standard thesis about the fourth-century Greek geometry. I. THE PRE-EUCLIDEAN THEORY OF INCOMMENSURABLE MAGNITUDES The Euclidean theory of incommensurable magnitudes, as preserved in Book X of the Elements, is a synthetic masterwork. Yet there are detect able seams in its structure, seams revealed both through terminology and through the historical clues provided by the neo-Platonist commentator Proclus.

Projective Geometry And Projective Metrics

Author : Herbert Busemann
ISBN : 9780486154695
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63. 37 MB
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This text examines the 3 classical geometries and their relationship to general geometric structures, with particular focus on affine geometry, projective metrics, non-Euclidean geometry, and spatial geometry. 1953 edition.

About Vectors

Author : Banesh Hoffmann
ISBN : 9780486151694
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77. 69 MB
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No calculus needed, but this is not an elementary book. Introduces vectors, algebraic notation and basic ideas, vector algebra and scalars. Includes 386 exercises.

The Philosophy Of Mathematical Practice

Author : Paolo Mancosu
ISBN : 9780199296453
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 43 MB
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This book gives a coherent and unified presentation of a new direction of work in philosophy of mathematics. This new approach in philosophy of mathematics requires extensive attention to mathematical practice and provides philosophical analyses of important novel characteristics of contemporary (twentieth century) mathematics and of many aspects of mathematical activity-such as visualization, explanation, understanding etc.-- which escape purely formal logicaltreatment.The book consists of a lengthy introduction by the editor and of eight chapters written by some of the very best scholars in this area. Each chapter consists of a short introduction to the general topic of the chapter and of a longer research article in the very same area. Theeight topics selected represent a broad spectrum of the contemporary philosophical reflection on different aspects of mathematical practice: Diagrammatic reasoning and representational systems; Visualization; Mathematical Explanation; Purity of Methods; Mathematical Concepts; Philosophical relevance of category theory; Philosophical aspects of computer science in mathematics; Philosophical impact of recent developments in mathematical physics.

Mathematical Logic

Author : Stephen Cole Kleene
ISBN : 9780486317076
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89. 89 MB
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Contents include an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of 1st order; formal number theory; surveys of the work by Church, Turing, and others, including Gödel's completeness theorem, Gentzen's theorem, more.

Boundary Value Problems And Fourier Expansions

Author : Charles R. MacCluer
ISBN : 9780486439013
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 67 MB
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Based on modern Sobolev methods, this text not only includes an informal introduction that develops students' physical and mathematical intuition, but also introduces Hilbert space in its natural environment, and then poses and solve standard problems. The final part covers Sturm-Liouville problems, Fourier integrals, Galerkin's method, and Sobolev methods. 64 figures. 2004 edition. Exercises.

Theory Of Scheduling

Author : Richard Walter Conway
ISBN : 0486428176
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 36 MB
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This comprehensive text explores the mathematical models underlying the theory of scheduling. Organized according to scheduling problem type, it examines three solution techniques: algebraic, probabilistic, and Monte Carlo simulation by computer. Topics include problems of sequence, measures for schedule evaluation, finite sequencing for a single machine, and further problems with one operation per job. Additional chapters cover flow-shop scheduling, the general n/m job-shop problem, general network problems related to scheduling, selection disciplines in a single-server queuing system, single-server queuing systems with setup classes, multiple-server queuing models, and experimental investigation of the continuous job-shop process. 1967 edition.

Mathematical Modelling Techniques

Author : Rutherford Aris
ISBN : 0486681319
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 73 MB
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"Engaging, elegantly written." — Applied Mathematical Modelling. A distinguished theoretical chemist and engineer discusses the types of models — finite, statistical, stochastic, and more — as well as how to formulate and manipulate them for best results. Filled with numerous examples, the book includes three appendices offering further examples treated in more detail.

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