the applied linguistic individual

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The Applied Linguistic Individual

Author : Phil Benson
ISBN : 1908049383
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77. 13 MB
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A focus on learner individuality in Applied Linguistics has been considered a mark of theoretical weakness from several perspectives. One branch of second language acquisition research has systematically discounted individual characteristics in favour of a search for universal acquisition processes. Another has adopted 'individual differences' as its object of inquiry, but emphasises psychological and sociological group characteristics over those of individuals. At the other end of the spectrum, critical researchers have viewed these approaches as 'individualistic' and have emphasised instead the deeply social character of second language acquisition. More recently, however, the qualitative approaches favoured by socially-oriented researchers have begun to bring issues of individuality to the fore. Autonomy, agency and identity have emerged as important constructs through which researchers are seeking to understand relationships between individuals and the social contexts in which they learn and use languages, and case studies of individuals have become a preferred approach to Applied Linguistics research. These developments raise important questions about the relationship between the social and individual, which has now become a key philosophical and methodological issue in research. This volume addresses this issue through contributions from researchers who carry out their work in a variety of settings in Asia, Australasia, Europe, and North and South America. The authors explore how individuality is conceptualised in socially-oriented approaches to Applied Linguistics research, including Sociocultural Theory, Situated Learning, Imagined Communities, Complexity Theory, and Autonomy Theory. Is there a tension between the social and the individual in these approaches, and if so, how is it manifested and resolved in empirical research?

The Oxford Handbook Of Applied Linguistics

Author : Robert B. Kaplan
ISBN : 9780195384253
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 37. 18 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics contains forty original chapters on a broad range of topics in applied linguistics by a diverse group of contributors. Its goal is to provide a comprehensive survey of the current state of the field, the many connections among its varioussub-disciplines, and the likely directions of its future development. The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics addresses a broad audience: applied linguists; educators and other scholars working in language acquisition, language learning, language planning, teaching, and testing; and linguistsconcerned with applications of their work. Early applied linguistics was predominantly associated with language-teaching. While this relationship continues, the field has long since diversified, becoming increasingly inter-related and multi-disciplinary. The volume addresses the diversity of questions facing applied linguists today: What isthe place of applied linguistics in the architecture of the university? Where does applied linguistics fit into the sociology of knowledge? What are the questions that applied linguistics ought to be addressing? What are the dominant paradigms guiding research in the field? What kinds of problemscan be solved through the mediation of applied linguistics? What aspects of linguistics can be empirically applied to language-based problems, and what spaces resist such application? What will new students of applied linguistics need to know in the coming years? Systematically encompassing the major areas of applied linguistics-and drawing from a wide range of disciplines such as education, language policy, bi- and multi-lingualism, literacy, language and gender, psycholinguistics/cognition, language and computers, discourse analysis, language andconcordinances, ecology of language, pragmatics, translation, psycholinguistics and cognition, and many other fields-the editors and contributors to The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics provide a panoramic and comprehensive look at this complex and vigorous field. This second edition includes three new chapters, and the remaining chapters have been thoroughly revised and updated to give a clear picture of the current state of applied linguistics.

Issues In Applied Linguistics

Author : Michael McCarthy
ISBN : 9780521584876
Genre : Education
File Size : 64. 59 MB
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This book provides a wide-ranging treatment of the major issues in applied linguistics.

Individual Freedom In Language Teaching

Author : Chris Brumfit
ISBN : 0194421740
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 24. 58 MB
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Starting from the premise that each person develops a unique and personal code for communication, Christopher Brumfit examines the roles of teachers and learners and the approaches that education professionals should develop in support of learners. The book draws upon linguistic, psychological, philosophical, and sociolinguistic principles and uses practical examples from second, foreign, and mother tongue teaching. It attempts to integrate theoretical and empirical work with the practical needs of institutions and of teachers without losing sight of learners' needs for free personal choice combined with effective communication. Drawing upon the author's extensive experience in the field, it considers the roles of literature and culture, as well as language policy in relation to learners' rights, and attempts to outline a humane and realistic philosophy for language teaching.

Applied Linguistics As Social Science

Author : Alison Sealey
ISBN : 0826455190
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47. 11 MB
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Applied Linguistics as Social Science surveys the increasing dialogue between linguistics and social theory. The book shows how social theory, applied linguistics and sociolinguistics share a set of common concerns, and how an analysis of these to produce a social scientific account of applied linguistics helps to explain the interaction between social structures, human agents and language. Foreword • Introduction • Making connections: some key issues in social theory and applied linguistics • Sociology and ideas about language • Language as a cultural emergent property • Researching language learning: theories, evidence, claims • Social categories and theoretical descriptions • Social domain theory: interpreting intercultural communication • Language in the world: properties and powers • A social realist approach to research in applied linguistics

Introduction To Applied Linguistics From Practice To Theory

Author : Alan Davies
ISBN : 9780748633562
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 46. 30 MB
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This second edition of the foundational textbook An Introduction to Applied Linguistics provides a state-of-the-art account of contemporary applied linguistics. The kinds of language problems of interest to applied linguists are discussed and a distinction drawn between the different research approach taken by theoretical linguists and by applied linguists to what seem to be the same problems. Professor Davies describes a variety of projects which illustrate the interests of the field and highlight the marriage it offers between practical experience and theoretical understanding. The increasing emphasis of applied linguistics on ethicality is linked to the growth of professionalism and to the concern for accountability, manifested in the widening emphasis on critical stances. This, Davies argues, is at its most acute in the tension between giving advice as the outcome of research and taking political action in order to change a situation which, it is claimed, needs ameliorisation. This dilemma is not confined to applied linguistics and may now be endemic in the applied disciplines.

Applied Linguistics In Action

Author : Guy Cook
ISBN : 0415545463
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 58. 68 MB
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Applied Linguistics in Action: A Reader presents students with an applied linguistics framework for the analysis of real-world problems in which language is a central issue. The reader allows students to develop both the theoretical and empirical skills crucial to the practicalities of language teaching and other language-related professional practices. Part One brings together seven key discussions of the nature and direction of contemporary applied linguistics, relating theory and description of language in use to educational and other professional contexts. Issues include the politics of applied linguistics, its responses to globalisation, and its relation to social theory. While the discussions in Part One are largely theoretical, Part Two, through abridged versions of thirteen case studies, demonstrates at a much more practical level how general principles formulated in Part One, can be applied to a range of specific real-world problems. While the majority of studies are from educational settings, the breadth of current applied linguistic enquiry is illustrated by others relating to legal forensics, literary analysis, translation, language therapy, lexicography, and workplace communication. The editorsâe(tm) introductions, both to the volume as a whole and to each individual part, guide the student through the difficult transition from general discussion to specific application, highlighting the most significant issues, and helping the student to see the relevance of both general theory and specific applications to the needs of their own studies, and their professional practice beyond. Applied Linguistics in Action: A Reader is essential reading for advanced level undergraduates and postgraduates on Applied Linguistics, English Language, and TESOL/TEFL courses.

Individual Freedom In Language Teaching Oxford Applied Linguistics

Author : Christopher Brumfit
ISBN : 9780194423168
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 26. 9 MB
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The book draws upon linguistic, psychological, philosophical, and sociolinguistic principles and uses practical examples from second, foreign, and mother tongue teaching. It attempts to integrate theoretical and empirical work with the practical needs of institutions and of teachers without losing sight of learners' needs for free personal choice combined with effective communication.

Applied Linguistics

Author : Li Wei
ISBN : 9781118348338
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 85. 63 MB
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In this complete survey of the theories, methods, and key findings within applied linguistics, students are introduced to core research questions and the various approaches to tackling these. Provides a comprehensive introduction to this interdisciplinary field of research and practice, dealing with practical issues of language and communication Takes a problem-solving approach, introducing students to key research questions and guiding them through the various ways of tackling these Features additional study aids throughout, including chapter outlines, learning objectives, key terms, research questions and answers, study questions, and recommended further readings Enables students to identify every-day language and communication issues, and to draw on their own personal experiences Edited by a leading figure in the field, heading up an experienced and interdisciplinary team of contributors from the renowned department of applied linguistics at Birkbeck College, University of London – resulting in unique combination of knowledge, skills, and strength from scholars who teach and research together

The Encyclopedia Of Applied Linguistics 10 Volume Set

Author : Carol A. Chapelle
ISBN : 1405194731
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29. 80 MB
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This ground-breaking reference work, available online or as a 10-volume print set, is a comprehensive resource covering the highly diverse field of applied linguistics. Brings together historic and emerging areas of research within applied linguistics Combines individual entries ranging from 1,500 to 4,000 words, with longer, essay-style contributions giving a detailed overview of key developments and ideas Includes over 1,100 entries written by an international team of scholars from over 40 countries Covers 27 key areas of the field, including Language Learning and Teaching, Bilingual and Multilingual Education, Assessment and Testing, Corpus Linguistics, Conversation Analysis, Discourse, Cognitive Second Language Acquisition, Language Policy and Planning, Literacy, and Technology and Language Features over 200 entries on the philosophy and history of applied linguistics and biographies of key applied linguists Ideal for students, teachers, researchers, and practitioners in the interdisciplinary field of applied linguistics Publishing simultaneously in print and online; for further information visit www.encyclopediaofappliedlinguistics.com Additional features of the online edition (ISBN: 978-1-4051-9843-1): Updated twice yearly, to keep the work relevant and cutting-edge Incorporates valuable learning tools, such as color photographs and media files Powerful searching, browsing, and cross-referencing capabilities, including Open URL linking and an easily-searchable classification system of the project as a whole

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