the basis of morality dover philosophical classics

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The Basis Of Morality

Author : Arthur Schopenhauer
ISBN : 9780486145938
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 35 MB
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Persuasive and humane, this classic offers Schopenhauer's fullest examination of ethical themes. A defiance of Kant's ethics of duty, it proclaims compassion as the basis of morality.

The World As Will And Idea

Author : Arthur Schopenhauer
ISBN : HARVARD:32044052722238
Genre : Idea (Philosophy)
File Size : 33. 54 MB
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The Poverty Of Television

Author : Jonathan Corpus Ong
ISBN : 9781783084449
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20. 85 MB
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Based on a 20-month ethnographic study of television and audiences in class-divided Philippines, this is the first book to take a bottom-up approach in considering how people respond to images and narratives of suffering and poverty on television. The book aims to contribute to the broader project of de-Westernizing media studies and explore the tension between ethical prescription and anthropological description in the social sciences and humanities. Winner of the 2016 Philippine Social Science Council Excellence in Research Award.

Fundamental Principles Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

Author : Immanuel Kant
ISBN : 9780486112497
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 25 MB
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What is morally permissible, and what is morally obligatory? These questions form the core of a vast amount of philosophical reasoning. Kant proposes the answers with the Categorical Imperative, his best-known contribution to ethics.

Ethics

Author : J.L. Mackie
ISBN : 9780141960098
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60. 80 MB
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An insight into moral skepticism of the 20th century. The author argues that our every-day moral codes are an 'error theory' based on the presumption of moral facts which, he persuasively argues, don't exist. His refutation of such facts is based on their metaphysical 'queerness' and the observation of cultural relativity.

Individual Differences From Neurobiological Bases To New Insight On Approach And Avoidance Behavior

Author : Daniela Laricchiuta
ISBN : 9782889197156
Genre :
File Size : 67. 81 MB
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The superordinate division of emotions is distributed along a bipolar dimension of affective valence, from approaching rewarding situations to avoiding punitive situations. Avoiding and approaching behaviors determine the disposition to the primary emotions of fear and attachment and the behavioral responses to the environmental stimuli of danger, novelty and reward. Approach or avoidance behaviors are associated with the brain pathways controlling cognitive and attentional function, reward sensitivity and emotional expression, involving prefrontal cortex, amygdala, striatum and cerebellum. Individual differences in approach and avoidance behavior might be modulated by normal variance in the level of functioning of different neurotransmitter systems, such as dopaminergic, serotoninergic, noradrenergic and endocannabinoid systems as well as many peptides such as corticotropin releasing hormone. These substances act at various central target areas to increase intensity of appetitive or defensive motivation. Physiologically, personality temperaments of approach and avoidance are viewed as instigators of propensity. They produce immediate affective, cognitive and behavioral inclinations in response to stimuli and orient individuals across domains and situations in a consistent fashion. Although the action undoubtedly emerges directly from these temperamental proclivities, ultimate behavioral outcomes are often a function of the integration among goal pursuit, self-regulation, and temperament trait. Defective coping strategies to aversive or rewarding stimuli characterize the patho-physiology of anxiety- and stress-related disorders or compulsive and addiction behaviors, respectively. Individuals with neuropsychiatric symptoms such as depression, suicidal behavior, bipolar mania, schizophrenia, substance use disorders, pathological gambling and anxiety disorders have scores which fall at the extreme tails of the normal distribution for a specific temperamental trait. The present Research Topic on the individual differences in emotional and motivational processing emphasizes the link between neuronal pattern and behavioral expression. The Topic includes experimental and clinical researches addressing the individual differences related to approach and avoidance and their behavioral characterization, structural and neurochemical profiles, synaptic connections, and receptor expressions. Studies are organized in a framework that puts in evidence the phenotypic expression and neurobiological patterns characterizing the individual differences and their biological variance.

Utilitarianism

Author : John Stuart Mill
ISBN : UCSC:32106000044476
Genre : Utilitarianism
File Size : 46. 35 MB
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The Theory Of Moral Sentiments

Author : Adam Smith
ISBN : 9780486119588
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21. 22 MB
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DIVThis 1749 work features highly original theories of conscience, moral judgment, and virtue. It reconstructs the Enlightenment concept of social science, embracing both political economy and theories of law and government. /div

Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Author : John Locke
ISBN : OXFORD:N11687880
Genre :
File Size : 38. 54 MB
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An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

Author : Jeremy Bentham
ISBN : STANFORD:36105044069768
Genre : Crime
File Size : 88. 86 MB
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