the battle over school prayer how engel v vitale changed america landmark law cases and american society landmark law cases american society

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The Battle Over School Prayer

Author : Bruce J. Dierenfield
ISBN : UOM:39015069325093
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 18 MB
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It has become known to many as the moment when the U.S. Supreme Court kicked God out of the public schools, supposedly paving the way for a decline in educational quality and a dramatic rise in delinquency and immorality. The 6-to-1 decision in Engel v. Vitale (1962) not only sparked outrage among a great many religious Americans, it also rallied those who cried out against what they perceived as a dangerously activist Court. Bruce Dierenfield has written a concise and readable guide to the first--and still most important--case that addressed the constitutionality of prayer in public schools. The 22-word recitation in a Long island school that was challenged in Engel v. Vitale was hardly denominational--not even overtly Christian--but a handful of parents saw it as a violation of the First Amendment's proscription again the establishment of religion. The case forced the Supreme Court to take a stand on Jefferson's "wall of separation" between church and state. When it did so, the Court declared that by endorsing the prayer recitation--no matter how brief, nondenominational, or voluntary--the Long Island school board had unconstitutionally approved the establishment of religion in school. Writing with impeccable fairness and sensitivity, Dierenfield sets his account of the Engel decision in the larger historical and political context, citing battles over a wide range of religious activities in public schools throughout American history. He takes readers behind the scenes at school board meetings and Court deliberations to show real people wrestling with deeply personal issues. Through interviews with many of the participants, he also reveals the large price paid by the plaintiffs andtheir children, who were frequently harassed both during and after the trial. For a long time, opponents of the decision have loudly claimed that it was based on a distorted reading of the First Amendment and deprived Americans of their right to practice religion. Dierenfield shows that the polarizing effect of Engel--a decision every bit as controversial as Roe v. Wade--has reverberated through the subsequent decades and gained intensity with the rise of the religious right. His book helps readers understand why, even in the face of this landmark decision, Americans remain divided on how divided church and state should be.

Law And Religion In American History

Author : Mark Douglas McGarvie
ISBN : 9781316684146
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 39 MB
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This book furthers dialogue on the separation of church and state with an approach that emphasizes intellectual history and the constitutional theory that underlies American society. Mark Douglas McGarvie explains that the founding fathers of America considered the right of conscience to be an individual right, to be protected against governmental interference. While the religion clauses enunciated this right, its true protection occurred in the creation of separate public and private spheres. Religion and the churches were placed in the private sector. Yet, politically active Christians have intermittently mounted challenges to this bifurcation in calling for a greater public role for Christian faith and morality in American society. Both students and scholars will learn much from this intellectual history of law and religion that contextualizes a four-hundred-year-old ideological struggle.

Engel V Vitale

Author : Carol Haas
ISBN : 0894904612
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 42. 55 MB
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Introduces the issue of school prayer, describes the case and the decision, and discusses other matters which raise questions of religious freedom in public schools and elsewhere in society

Religious Diversity And Children S Literature

Author : Connie R. Green
ISBN : 9781617353987
Genre : Education
File Size : 21. 11 MB
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This book is an invaluable resource for enabling teachers, religious educators, and families to learn about religious diversity themselves and to teach children about both their own religion as well as the beliefs of others. The traditions featured include indigenous beliefs throughout the world, Native American spirituality, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity (Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism), Islam, Sikhism, and other beliefs such as Bahá'í, Unitarian Universalism, Humanism, and Atheism. Each chapter highlights a specific religion or spiritual tradition with a brief discussion about major beliefs, misconceptions, sacred texts, and holy days or celebrations. This summary of each tradition is followed by extensive annotated recommendations for children’s and adolescent literature as well as suggested teaching strategies. The recommended literature includes informational books, traditional religious stories, and fiction with religious themes. Teachers, religious educators, and family members will find the literature from these genres to be invaluable tools for bridging the religious experience of the child with that of the global society in which they live.

The Bakke Case

Author : Howard Ball
ISBN : UOM:39015050255614
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 30 MB
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Almighty God Created The Races

Author : Fay Botham
ISBN : 0807899224
Genre : Religion
File Size : 63. 79 MB
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In this fascinating cultural history of interracial marriage and its legal regulation in the United States, Fay Botham argues that religion--specifically, Protestant and Catholic beliefs about marriage and race--had a significant effect on legal decisions concerning miscegenation and marriage in the century following the Civil War. She contends that the white southern Protestant notion that God "dispersed" the races and the American Catholic emphasis on human unity and common origins point to ways that religion influenced the course of litigation and illuminate the religious bases for Christian racist and antiracist movements.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Robert J. Cottrol
ISBN : 0700612890
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 36 MB
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Tracing the litigations, highlighting the pivotal role of the NAACP, and including incisive portraits of key players, this book simply but powerfully shows that "Brown" not only changed the national equation of race and caste, it also changed our view of the Court's role in American life.

From Parchment To Power

Author : Robert A. Goldwin
ISBN : 0844740136
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 75 MB
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This book tells how the Bill of Rights was amended to the Constitution and explains how that addition completed the Constitution by clarifying the status of the American people.

When Benjamin Franklin Met The Reverend Whitefield

Author : Peter Charles Hoffer
ISBN : 9781421405001
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 31 MB
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SeemanKing Philip's War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty by Daniel R. MandellThe Caning of Charles Sumner: Honor, Idealism, and the Origins of the Civil War by Williamjames Hull HofferBloodshed at Little Bighorn: Sitting Bull, Custer, and the Destinies of Nations by Tim Lehman

Should The Children Pray

Author : Lynda Beck Fenwick
ISBN : UOM:39015018304215
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 95 MB
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This book traces the history of public school prayer in America and the legal debates since the 1962 Supreme Court ruling that outlawed the practice. The author does not attempt to answer the related ethical and political questions for her readers, but rather makes available the historical and legal information from which readers can draw their own conclusions about this sensitive issue.

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