the bay of pigs pivotal moments in american history

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The Bay Of Pigs

Author : Howard Jones
ISBN : 9780199754250
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 17 MB
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Jones provides a concise, incisive, and dramatic account of President Eisenhower's disastrous attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro. He deftly examines the train of missteps and self-deceptions that led to the invasion of U.S.-trained exiles at the Bay of Pigs.

Decision For Disaster

Author : Grayston L. Lynch
ISBN : 9781574882377
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 36 MB
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A startling new perspective on the 1961 invasion of Cuba

The Brilliant Disaster

Author : Jim Rasenberger
ISBN : 9781416596530
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 45 MB
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A recounting of the Bay of Pigs Crisis drawing upon the author's father's connection to the events as they played out.

Bay Of Pigs

Author : Victor Andres Triay
ISBN : 0813020905
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 14 MB
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Based on interviews with survivors of the Bay of Pigs invasion, this compelling oral history recalls the fateful battle from its inception to the Cuban jails where 114 imprisoned soldiers died.

The Birth Of Modern Politics

Author : Lynn Hudson Parsons
ISBN : 0199718504
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 21 MB
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The 1828 presidential election, which pitted Major General Andrew Jackson against incumbent John Quincy Adams, has long been hailed as a watershed moment in American political history. It was the contest in which an unlettered, hot-tempered southwestern frontiersman, trumpeted by his supporters as a genuine man of the people, soundly defeated a New England "aristocrat" whose education and political résumé were as impressive as any ever seen in American public life. It was, many historians have argued, the country's first truly democratic presidential election. It was also the election that opened a Pandora's box of campaign tactics, including coordinated media, get-out-the-vote efforts, fund-raising, organized rallies, opinion polling, campaign paraphernalia, ethnic voting blocs, "opposition research," and smear tactics. In The Birth of Modern Politics, Parsons shows that the Adams-Jackson contest also began a national debate that is eerily contemporary, pitting those whose cultural, social, and economic values were rooted in community action for the common good against those who believed the common good was best served by giving individuals as much freedom as possible to promote their own interests. The book offers fresh and illuminating portraits of both Adams and Jackson and reveals how, despite their vastly different backgrounds, they had started out with many of the same values, admired one another, and had often been allies in common causes. But by 1828, caught up in a shifting political landscape, they were plunged into a competition that separated them decisively from the Founding Fathers' era and ushered in a style of politics that is still with us today.

My Lai

Author : Howard Jones
ISBN : 9780190228781
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 12 MB
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On the early morning of March 16, 1968, American soldiers from three platoons of Charlie Company (1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division), entered a group of hamlets located in the Son Tinh district of South Vietnam, located near the Demilitarized Zone and known as "Pinkville" because of the high level of Vietcong infiltration. The soldiers, many still teenagers who had been in the country for three months, were on a "search and destroy" mission. The Tet Offensive had occurred only weeks earlier and in the same area and had made them jittery; so had mounting losses from booby traps and a seemingly invisible enemy. Three hours after the GIs entered the hamlets, more than five hundred unarmed villagers lay dead, killed in cold blood. The atrocity took its name from one of the hamlets, known by the Americans as My Lai 4. Military authorities attempted to suppress the news of My Lai, until some who had been there, in particular a helicopter pilot named Hugh Thompson and a door gunner named Lawrence Colburn, spoke up about what they had seen. The official line was that the villagers had been killed by artillery and gunship fire rather than by small arms. That line soon began to fray. Lieutenant William Calley, one of the platoon leaders, admitted to shooting the villagers but insisted that he had acted upon orders. An exposé of the massacre and cover-up by journalist Seymour Hersh, followed by graphic photographs, incited international outrage, and Congressional and U.S. Army inquiries began. Calley and nearly thirty other officers were charged with war crimes, though Calley alone was convicted and would serve three and a half years under house arrest before being paroled in 1974. My Lai polarized American sentiment. Many saw Calley as a scapegoat, the victim of a doomed strategy in an unwinnable war. Others saw a war criminal. President Nixon was poised to offer a presidential pardon. The atrocity intensified opposition to the war, devastating any pretense of American moral superiority. Its effect on military morale and policy was profound and enduring. The Army implemented reforms and began enforcing adherence to the Hague and Geneva conventions. Before launching an offensive during Desert Storm in 1991, one general warned his brigade commanders, "No My Lais in this division--do you hear me?" Compelling, comprehensive, and haunting, based on both exhaustive archival research and extensive interviews, Howard Jones's My Lai will stand as the definitive book on one of the most devastating events in American military history.

The Scratch Of A Pen

Author : Colin G. Calloway
ISBN : 9780195331271
Genre : History
File Size : 64. 20 MB
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Examines how the Treaty of Paris of 1763 created unexpected consequences, including confusion among settlers about new boundaries, the weakening of Britain's hold on its American colonies, and growing conflicts between settlers and Indian tribes. Reprint.

The Camelot Conspiracy A Novel Of The Kennedys Castro And The Cia

Author : E. Duke Vincent
ISBN : 9781590209769
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 75. 22 MB
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It's 1960, the height of the Cold War, but for Dante Amato of the Chicago Mob, life is anything but cold. Charismatic and movie-star handsome, Dante has settled comfortably into his role as The Outfit's man in Hollywood and Vegas. Dante's older brother, Aldo, a CIA agent, couldn't be more disapproving of his brother's life. Yet when Dante is ordered to meet with a beautiful Cuban go-between named Marissa del Valle, and then mob boss Sam Giancana summons him to Miami to discuss a U.S. Government commission to hit the Cuban dictator, Dante's first call is to his brother. Is it a set-up? Or a chance for the mob to restart the flow of gambling and drug money from Havana? And what about Bobby Kennedy's war against The Mob? "Bobby Kennedy is a snake," says Jimmy Hoffa to Santo Trafficante. And how do you kill a snake? You cut off its head. " As this spellbinding thriller by E. Duke Vincent unfolds, a gripping story emerges, masterfully connecting the dots between the Kennedys, Castro, The Mob, the CIA . . . and the Grassy Knoll.

The Central Intelligence Agency An Encyclopedia Of Covert Ops Intelligence Gathering And Spies 2 Volumes

Author : Jan Goldman Ph.D.
ISBN : 9781610690928
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20. 3 MB
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The Central Intelligence Agency is essential in the fight to keep America safe from foreign attacks. This two-volume work traces through facts and documents the history of the CIA, from the people involved to the operations conducted for national security. • Covers the history of the CIA from its days prior to World War II, when it was known as the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), supplying comprehensive, objective information in a convenient ready reference • Provides documents formerly classified as "top secret" and an extensive bibliography to allow further research by students • Includes contributions from about two dozen experts in their field of study, ranging from a psychologist describing CIA "mind experiments" to former practitioners and historians writing on covert operations during the Cold War • Provides primary documents such as the oldest formerly classified document held by the CIA (how to make invisible ink, 1918) and intelligence reports that Osama bin Laden was planning to attack the United States (2001)

Term Paper Resource Guide To Latino History

Author : Michael P. Moreno
ISBN : 9780313379321
Genre : Reference
File Size : 44. 32 MB
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This resource guide to 100 key events in Latino history provides students, librarians, and scholars with hundreds of original and compelling term paper ideas and the key print and electronic sources needed for research. * Presents 100 historical events organized in chronological order, beginning with the founding of the California Missions in 1769 and culminating with Justice Sonia Sotomayor's confirmation to the U.S. Supreme Court * Each of the 100 events offers annotated resources, including primary, secondary, web, and multimedia sources * Contains a comprehensive index highlighting connections between key historical events and public figures

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