the biology of human survival life and death in extreme environments

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The Biology Of Human Survival

Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
ISBN : 0199748071
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 88 MB
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The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Mankind Beyond Earth

Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
ISBN : 9780231531030
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 5 MB
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Seeking to reenergize Americans’ passion for the space program, the value of further exploration of the Moon, and the importance of human beings on the final frontier, Claude A. Piantadosi presents a rich history of American space exploration and its major achievements. He emphasizes the importance of reclaiming national command of our manned program and continuing our unmanned space missions, and he stresses the many adventures that still await us in the unfolding universe. Acknowledging space exploration’s practical and financial obstacles, Piantadosi challenges us to revitalize American leadership in space exploration in order to reap its scientific bounty. Piantadosi explains why space exploration, a captivating story of ambition, invention, and discovery, is also increasingly difficult and why space experts always seem to disagree. He argues that the future of the space program requires merging the practicalities of exploration with the constraints of human biology. Space science deals with the unknown, and the margin (and budget) for error is small. Lethal near-vacuum conditions, deadly cosmic radiation, microgravity, vast distances, and highly scattered resources remain immense physical problems. To forge ahead, America needs to develop affordable space transportation and flexible exploration strategies based in sound science. Piantadosi closes with suggestions for accomplishing these goals, combining his healthy skepticism as a scientist with an unshakable belief in space’s untapped—and wholly worthwhile—potential.

Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
ISBN : 9780123869982
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 16 MB
Format : PDF
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts

Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
ISBN : 9780123869982
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 64 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 678
Read : 694

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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts

Advances In Applied Digital Human Modeling

Author : Vincent Duffy
ISBN : 9781495120947
Genre :
File Size : 60. 22 MB
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This book, Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling, is concerned with Modeling, Biomechanics and Simulation. The benefit of this area of research is to aid in the design of systems. Human modeling and simulation can reduce the need for physical prototyping and incorporate ergonomics and human factors earlier in design processes. These models provide a representation of some human aspects that can be inserted into simulations or virtual environments and facilitate prediction of safety, satisfaction, usability, performance and sustainability. These may consider the physiological, cognitive, behavioral, emotional and environmental aspects. The math and science provides a foundation for visualizations that can facilitate decision making by technical experts, management or those responsible for public policy.

Survival

Author : Xavier Maniguet
ISBN : 0816025185
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 74. 77 MB
Format : PDF
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Provides information on how to survive the major threats to human life, cold, heat, thirst, and physical exertion, and provides tips about how to survive in a group

Life At The Extremes

Author : Frances Ashcroft
ISBN : 0520234200
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 19 MB
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From the oxygen-deprived heights of Everest to the high-pressure ocean depths, the limits of human endurance are probed in this fascinating look at the borderlands of physical potential.

Extreme Medicine

Author : Kevin Fong
ISBN : 9780143126294
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 99 MB
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"Published in Great Britain under the title Extremes: life, death and the limits of the human body by Hodder & Stoughton. First published in the United States of America by The Penguin Press, 2014."--Title page verso.

Surviving The Extremes

Author : Kenneth Kamler
ISBN : 142997611X
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 46. 48 MB
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Physiological constraints confine our bodies to less than one-fifth of the earth's surface. Beyond that fraction lie the extremes. What happens when we go to them? Dr. Kenneth Kamler has spent years observing exactly what happens. A vice president of the legendary Explorers Club, he has climbed, dived, sledded, floated, and trekked through some of the most treacherous and remote regions in the world. A consultant for NASA, Yale University, and the National Geographic Society, he has explored undersea caves, crossed the frozen Antarctic wastelands, and stitched a boy's hand back together while kneeling in knee-deep Amazonian mud. He was the only doctor on Everest during the tragic expedition documented in Jon Krakauer's Into Thin Air and helped treat its survivors. Kamler has devoted his life to investigating how our bodies respond to "environmental insults"-a nice way of saying the things that can kill us-and watched while some succumbed to them and others, sometimes miraculously, overcome them. Words like "extreme" and "survival" have lost some of their value from overuse and media hype. By showing us what happens when life itself is at stake, and the body's capacities put to their greatest test, this book reminds us what they truly mean. Divided into six sections-jungle, open sea, desert, underwater, high altitude, and outer space-Surviving the Extremes uses first-hand testimony and documented accounts to illustrate what happens in environments where our instinctive survival strategies must become fully engaged. These stories reveal how infinitely complex are the workings of the human body-and also how heartbreakingly fragile. At the heart of this book is a quest for the source of our will to survive and the haunting question of why some can, and others cannot, summon its awesome and nearly mystical power at their moment of greatest need. Surgeon, explorer, and masterful storyteller, Kamler takes us to the farthest reaches of the earth as well as into the uncharted territory within the human brain. Surviving the Extremes is a scientific nail-biter no reader will forget.

Unbroken

Author : Laura Hillenbrand
ISBN : 9781400064168
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 77. 60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Tells the gripping true story of a U.S. airman who was the soul surviver when his bomber crashed into the sea during World War II and had to face thousands of miles of open ocean, leaping sharks, a foundering raft, thirst and starvation, enemy aircraft, and, beyond, a trial even greater. By the #1 best-selling author of Seabiscuit. 200,000 first printing.

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