the cambridge dictionary of statistics

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The Cambridge Dictionary Of Statistics

Author : B. S. Everitt
ISBN : 0521766990
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 89 MB
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If you work with data and need easy access to clear, reliable definitions and explanations of modern statistical and statistics-related concepts, then look no further than this dictionary. Nearly 4000 terms are defined, covering medical, survey, theoretical, and applied statistics, including computational and graphical aspects. Entries are provided for standard and specialized statistical software. In addition, short biographies of over 100 important statisticians are given. Definitions provide enough mathematical detail to clarify concepts and give standard formula when these are helpful. The majority of definitions then give a reference to a book or article where the user can seek further or more specialized information, and many are accompanied by graphical material to aid understanding.

The Cambridge Dictionary Of Statistics Fourth Edition

Author : Brian Everitt
ISBN : OCLC:702354977
Genre : Mathematical statistics
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Cambridge Dictionary Of Statistics In The Medical Sciences

Author : Brian S. Everitt
ISBN : 0521479282
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 25 MB
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This dictionary provides over 2,000 brief but useful definitions of statistical terms frequently found in the medical and medical statistics literature. Where appropriate, the author illustrates terms with pictures or numerical examples, and minimizes the use of mathematical formulas. This book will be an essential reference for workers in all branches of medicine, applied statistics and biostatistics.

The Cambridge Dictionary Of Statistics 2nd Edition B S Everitt 2002

Author : Cambridge University Press
ISBN :
Genre : Education
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The Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics aims to provide students of statistics, working statisticians and researchers in many disciplines who are users of statistics with relatively concise definitions of statistical terms. All areas of statistics are covered, theoretical, applied, medical, etc., although, as in any dictionary, the choice of which terms to include and which to exclude, is likely to reflect some aspects of the compiler’s main areas of interest, and I have no illusions that this dictionary is any different. My hope is that the dictionary will provide a useful source of reference for both specialists and non-specialists alike. Many definitions necessarily contain some mathematical formulae and/or nomeclature, others contain none. But the difference in mathematical content and level amongthe definitions will, with luck, largely reflect the type of reader likely to turn to a particular definition. The non-specialist looking up, for example, Student’s t-tests will hopefully find the simple formulae and associated written material more than adequate to satisfy their curiosity, while the specialist seekinga quick reminder about spline functions will find the more extensive technical material just what they need. The dictionary contains approximately 3000 headwords and short biographies of more than 100 important statisticians (fellow statisticians who regard themselves as ‘important’ but who are not included here should note the single common characteristics of those who are). Several forms of cross-referencingare used. Terms in slanted roman in an entry appear as a separate headword, although headwords defining relatively commonly occurringterms such as random variable, probability, distribution, population, sample, etc., are not referred to in this way. Some entries simply refer readers to another entry. This may indicate that the terms are synonyms or, alternatively, that the term is more conveniently discussed under another entry. In the latter case the term is printed in italics in the main entry. Entries are in alphabetical order usingthe letter-by-letter rather than the word-byword convention. In terms containingnumbers or Greek letters, the numbers or corresponding English word are spelt out and alphabetized accordingly. So, for example, 2 2 table is found under two-by-two table, and -trimmed mean, under alpha-trimmed mean. Only headings corresponding to names are inverted, so the entry for William Gossett is found under Gosset, William. but there is an entry under Box–Mu¨ ller transformation not under Transformation, Box–Mu¨ ller. For those readers seekingmore detailed information about a topic, many entries contain either a reference to one or other of the texts listed later, or a more specific reference to a relevant book or journal article. (Entries for software contain the appropriate address.) Additional material is also available in many cases in either the Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, edited by Kotz and Johnson, or the Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, edited by Armitage and Colton, both published by Wiley. Extended biographies of many of the people included in this dictionary can also be found in these two encyclopedias and also in Leading Personalities in Statistical Sciences by Johnson and Kotz published in 1997 again by Wiley. vii http://www.BingeBook.com Lastly and paraphrasingOscar Wilde ‘writingone dictionary is suspect, writing two borders on the pathological’. But before readers jump to an obvious conclusion I would like to make it very clear that an anorak has never featured in my wardrobe. B. S. Everitt, 1998 Preface to second edition In this second edition of the Cambridge Dictionary of Statistics I have added approximately 500 new entries and taken the opportunity to correct and clarify a number of the previous entries. I have also added biographies of important statisticians whom I overlooked in the first edition and, sadly, I have had to include a number of new biographies of statisticians who have died since the publication of the first edition in 1998. I would like to thank Professor Pak Sham for providinga number of the entries on genetics, Professor David Hand for putting me straight about data mining and related techniques, Professor David Finney for pointingout problems with a number of the definitions in the first edition and Dr Phillip Sedgwick for leading me to the correct (I hope) definition of censored observations. For the second printingI have corrected errors pointed out by Dr R. J. Martin and Dr John Ludbrook; I thank them. B. S. Everitt, 2001 Acknowledgements Firstly I would like to thank the many authors who have, unwittingly, provided the basis of a large number of the definitions included in this dictionary through their books and papers. Next thanks are due to many members of the ‘allstat’ mailinglist who helped with references to particular terms. I am also extremely grateful to my colleagues, Dr Sophia Rabe-Hesketh and Dr Sabine Landau, for their careful readingof the text and their numerous helpful suggestions. Lastly I have to thank my secretary, Mrs Harriet Meteyard, for maintainingand typingthe many files that contained the material for the dictionary and for her constant reassurance that nothingwas lost! viii http://www.BingeBook.com Sources Altman, D.G. (1991) Practical Statistics for Medical Research, Chapman and Hall, London. (SMR) Chatfield, C. (1996) The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction, 5th edition, Chapman and Hall, London. (TMS) Evans, M., Hastings, N. and Peacock, B. (2000) Statistical Distributions, 3rd edition, Wiley, New York. (STD) Krzanowski, W.J. and Marriot, F.H.C. (1994) Multivariate Analysis, Part 1, Edward Arnold, London. (MV1) Krzanowski, W.J. and Marriot, F.H.C. (1995) Multivariate Analysis, Part 2, Edward Arnold, London. (MV2) McCullagh, P.M. and Nelder, J.A. (1989) Generalized Linear Models, 2nd edition, Chapman and Hall, London. (GLM) Rawlings, J.O. (1988) Applied Regression Analysis, Wadsworth Books, California. (ARA) Stuart, A. and Ord, K. (1994) Kendall’s Advanced Theory of Statistics, Volume 1, 6th edition, Edward Arnold, London. (KA1) Stuart, A. and Ord, K. (1991) Kendall’s Advanced Theory of Statistics, Volume 2, 5th edition, Edward Arnold, Lond

The Sage Dictionary Of Statistics Methodology

Author : W. Paul Vogt
ISBN : 9781483381787
Genre : Reference
File Size : 22. 59 MB
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Written in a clear, readable style with a wide range of explanations and examples, The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology, Fifth Edition by W. Paul Vogt and R. Burke Johnson is a must-have dictionary that reflects recent changes in the fields of statistics and methodology. Packed with 500 new definitions, terms, and graphics, the Fifth Edition is an ideal reference for researchers and professionals in the field and provides everything students need to read and understand a research report, including elementary terms, concepts, methodology, and design definitions, as well as concepts from qualitative research methods and terms from theory and philosophy.

The Cambridge Dictionary Of Psychology Favid Masumoto 2009

Author : Cambridge University Press
ISBN :
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 13 MB
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PREFACE dictionary n. A book containing a selection of the words of a language, usually arranged alphabetically, giving information about their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, and the like. psychology n. The study of the mind including consciousness, perception, motivation, behavior, the biology of the nervous system in its relation to mind, scientifi c methods of studying the mind, cognition, social interactions in relation to mind, individual differences, and the application of these approaches to practical problems in organization and commerce and especially to the alleviation of suffering. It is perhaps most fi tting that a dictionary of psychology begins with defi nitions of the terms dictionary and psychology. This is the defi nition of psychology presented in this work, and it highlights several important points concerning this dictionary. First, psychology is broad. Its contents range from the microlevel neural processes that form the building blocks of thought, feeling, and action to the macrolevel social and cultural processes that bind us with our primate relatives in our evolutionary history and defi ne our collectives. For that reason, a dictionary of psychology needs to include terms and concepts related to neural structures, chemicals, transmitters, genes, and anatomy, as much as it needs to include social processes, network analysis, and cultural norms and artifacts. It also needs to include concepts related to the array of abnormal behaviors and methods related to their treatment. Second, psychology is a science. Knowledge in psychology is generated through empirical research, a conglomeration of methods that allow for the generation of theories of human behavior and the testing of hypotheses derived from those theories. This set of methods includes both qualitative and quantitative approaches, case studies as well as carefully controlled experiments, and rigorous statistical procedures and inferential decision making. All knowledge in psychology is based on such research. Thus, understanding the meaning, boundaries, and limitations of psychological knowledge requires students to have a working knowledge of psychological research methods, statistics, probability, and inference. Third, because the discipline of psychology is broad, and because it is based on science, it is a living discipline. That means that the theories, concepts, and terminology used in psychology are never static but often are in fl ux, changing across time as theories, methodologies, and knowledge change. Terms that had a certain meaning in previous years, such as borderline personality, homosexuality, and self, have different meanings today and will likely mean different things in the future. Additionally, new terms and concepts are continually being invented (e.g., psychoneuroimmunology), in keeping with the contemporary and evolving nature of psychology as a science. This dictionary captures these characteristics of psychology as a living, scientifi c discipline by focusing on several defi ning characteristics. It is comprehensive, capturing the major terms and concepts that frame the discipline of psychology, from the level of neurons to social structures and as a science. It is interdisciplinary, highlighting psychological concepts that cut behavior at its joints, whether the joints refer to social cognitive neuroscience (a term defi ned in this dictionary) or the interactions among culture, personality, and genes. And it is international and Preface xvi cross-cultural, owing to the growth of psychology around the world, the interaction between American and international approaches and perspectives, and the education of American psychology by the study and practice of psychology in other countries and cultures. In this digital age, when information concerning psychology and many other disciplines is already readily available online and in various reference texts, a relevant question is, Why produce another? The answer is very simple: because no other reference work on the fi eld of psychology captures the characteristics described previously. Many, for example, do not do justice to psychology as a science and therefore do not include references to research methodologies and statistics. This work does. Many reference works present psychology from a more clinical orientation and do not present psychology as an interdisciplinary science. This work does. And many other works present psychology mainly from an American perspective and do not present it as the global, international discipline that it is. This work does. These characteristics were accomplished in several ways, the most important of which were the recruitment and active participation of a stellar Editorial Advisory Board (EAB). Each of these individuals is an accomplished scholar in his or her own right, and we were very fortunate indeed to gain their participation in the project. They guided me in every single aspect of the production, and I was fortunate to gain many insights their wisdom and guidance provided. Next, the entire work was reviewed not only by the EAB but also by an equally stellar cast of Managing Editors. Like the EAB, all of these individuals are accomplished scholars in their own right, and indeed are some of the leading researchers in the world in their respective areas of expertise. Equally important, they are from many different countries, cultures, and perspectives and have been able to create the interdisciplinary, international, and cross-cultural fl avor in the book, not only in the selection of the keyword entries but also in their writing. Finally, we were very fortunate to have so many authors contribute their time and expertise to the project (see pages ix–xiii). All of them are excellent researchers, teachers, and scholars in psychology, and all brought their expertise to bear in making the discipline of psychology come to life in their entries. They also made their entries relevant to a global perspective, not just an American one, and accessible to the educated lay reader. These three groups of individuals worked seamlessly as a team to deliver the product you see today. The work started with the creation of the keyword list. For any reference work of this type, the selection of the keyword entries is crucial to the success of the fi nal product, and I believe that the process by which they were selected for inclusion in this work was exemplary. First, the Editorial Advisory Board and I reviewed all of the keyword entries in the various psychology dictionaries that currently exist, as well as a number of the leading textbooks used in introductory psychology. This accomplished two goals. While of course it led to an identifi cation of keywords that we could deem “standard” in the fi eld of psychology – by being cross-listed in multiple sources – it also allowed us to identify what was not included elsewhere, or that which was idiosyncratic to its source. It was at this point that the EAB and I were able to add keyword terms that we felt could accomplish the goal of making this work comprehensive and timely, terms that specifi cally addressed our goal of being international, crosscultural, and interdisciplinary. In addition, many contemporary dictionaries do not focus on the scientifi c aspects of psychology and consequently do not include terms concerning research methods or statistics. In this dictionary, however, we have made a point of including many of the terms that students of psychological science will encounter, especially concerning the numerous types of reliability and validity, various types of statistics and probability, and various experimental designs. Finally, after the EAB and I had completed our initial selection of keywords, our distinguished group of Managing Editors and authors provided us with yet additional levels of expertise, proposing new keywords within Preface xvii their areas of interests. For example, these are a sampling of the keywords included in the Cambridge Dictionary that are not included in many of the other dictionaries on the market: Behavioral endocrinology Collective self Confi gurative culture Culture assimilator training Dialectical reasoning Differential item functioning Distributive justice Ecological fallacy Ecological-level analysis Effect size Emotion theory Eta squared Face (concept of) False uniqueness effect Filial piety Fourfold point correlation Front horizontal foreshortening theory Gene expression Hardiness Hierarchical linear modeling Implicit communication Indigenous healing Individual-level analysis Intercultural adaptation Intercultural adjustment Intercultural communication Intercultural communication competence Intercultural sensitivity Item reliability Lay theories of behavioral causality Naikan therapy National character Need for cognition Neural imaging Neurocognition Normality Norm group Omega squared Omnibus test Outgroup homogeneity bias Ranked distribution Regression weight Response sets Retributive justice Social axiom Social network analysis Standardization sample Statistical artifact Statistical inference Tacit communication Terror management theory Tetrachoric correlation Ultimatum game A quick perusal of the list makes it clear that all of these terms are widely used in contemporary psychology today, owing to its interdisciplinary and cross-cultural ties and its existence as a scientifi c discipline. These entries, along with the way they were written, make this text unique and timely in the fi eld. Acknowledgments I give special thanks to the EAB for spearheading this project from its inception, for guiding me through the years that the project was active, and for helping to generate keywords, to recruit the stellar authors we have on board, and to review all of the entries. This work could not have been done without your hard work and dedication, and the many users of this work and I thank you. I give thanks also to the Managing Editors, who carefully reviewed the entries, made incredibly helpful suggestions, added new entries, and wrote entries themselves. Your work went above and beyond, and the users and I are grateful to you for your careful review and guidance. I give thanks to the amazing authors who wrote entries for us – in most cases, many entries. The project has gone through many changes from its inception, and you stuck with the project and me throughout, and I am eternally grateful for your doing so. I am indebted to many at Cambridge University Press for making this happen. Former editor Phil Laughlin fi rst approached me about this dictionary in 2001 or so, and we tinkered around with the idea for about 3 years before, in 2004, we fi nally agreed to launch this project. When Phil left the Press, the project and I were handed over to the able hands of Eric Schwartz, with whom I worked Preface xviii closely on bringing the project to fruition and who helped me manage the enormous tasks that composed the work and supported me in every way possible. Throughout these years, Frank Smith has been an incredible behindthe- scenes supporter and advocate, and I am grateful for the support he has given to the project. Back at home, I have been supported by many of my own staff who have helped in some way with this project. I thank Stephanie Hata, Shannon Pacaoa, Hyi-Sung Hwang, and Mina Park for their clerical help in managing the project. I am indebted to my colleagues, students, and assistants at the Culture and Emotion Research Laboratory at San Francisco State University, many of whom wrote entries, especially Jeff LeRoux. I also thank two of my faculty colleagues in the Department of Psychology at San Francisco State University who helped out by writing entries – David Gard and Virginia Saunders. I thank my research collaborators and friends for keeping me on my toes and keeping me current with the fi eld – Paul Ekman, Mark Frank, Dacher Keltner, Deborah Krupp, Maureen O’Sullivan, Yohtaro Takano, Jessica Tracy, Bob Willingham, Toshio Yamagishi, and Susumu Yamaguchi. I thank my wife, Mimi, for giving me the freedom to take on crazy projects such as creating a dictionary of psychology. It is virtually impossible to produce a work such as this completely without errors, especially of omissions of keywords that should be included, or of mistakes in defi nitions. I encourage all readers to let me know of keywords that they feel should be included, or of potential mistakes in the entries. Just as the discipline of psychology itself is a living entity, a dictionary of psychology should be a living work, changing across time to describe the ever-changing and dynamic nature of the fi eld and its contents. Consequently, this work should change across time as well, and I embrace suggestions for such change to improve it. Nevertheless, although it is quite clear that this work is the culmination of the efforts, hard work, and dedication of a lot of people, the errors and omissions in the work are solely mine. David Matsumoto San Francisco, California July 2008

Analyse Von Zeitreihen

Author : Christopher Chatfield
ISBN : 3446135979
Genre :
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A Dictionary Of Statistics

Author : Graham Upton
ISBN : 9780199541454
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 74 MB
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This authoritative and newly revised dictionary covers over 2,000 statistical terms in jargon-free language. Web links for many entries updated via the Dictionary of Statistics webpage provide useful extra information. An indispensable reference work for students and professionals who come into contact with statistical terms at work or university.

Dictionary Of Parasitology

Author : Peter J. Gosling
ISBN : 1420019627
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 81 MB
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Although many books have been published on various aspects of human, animal, and plant parasitology, as well as the public health problems associated with parasites, none to date has offered a comprehensive glossary for those confronted with the discipline's exceptionally extensive terminology. To meet this need requires a dedicated text that can house the myriad entries that define all the basic principles and advanced nomenclature of parasitology. The Dictionary of Parasitology reflects current practice in all aspects of parasitology and includes spellings, punctuation, abbreviations, acronyms, symbols, nomenclature, prefixes, and suffixes. It covers the field of modern parasitology with concise, clear, and authoritative precision. The dictionary assigns entries of parasites to the primary divisions of parasitology: human, veterinary, plant, insect, or fish; although in many instances the area of interest may be wide-ranging. The dictionary provides the depth and breadth of knowledge that makes it both an informative and useful volume for beginners and experts in the field, as well as for writers and editors of scientific texts. Entries cover control measures, immunology, physiology, pharmacology, etc., and each are labeled according to the most appropriate area to which they relate. Attach tear sheet from text Providing more than 11,500 entries, the Dictionary of Parasitology, sets a standard that will allow those in the field to communicate with essential scientific accuracy.

The Harpercollins Dictionary Of Statistics

Author : Roger Porkess
ISBN : 0064610209
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 53. 88 MB
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Covers major statistical concepts, formulas, and terms, with nearly 450 entries accompanied by charts, diagrams, and sample problems with explanations of all solutions

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