the case for mental imagery 39 oxford psychology series

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The Case For Mental Imagery

Author : Stephen M. Kosslyn
ISBN : 9780190292515
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 60 MB
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When we try to remember whether we left a window open or closed, do we actually see the window in our mind? If we do, does this mental image play a role in how we think? For almost a century, scientists have debated whether mental images play a functional role in cognition. In The Case for Mental Imagery, Stephen Kosslyn, William Thompson, and Giorgio Ganis present a complete and unified argument that mental images do depict information, and that these depictions do play a functional role in human cognition. They outline a specific theory of how depictive representations are used in information processing, and show how these representations arise from neural processes. To support this theory, they seamlessly weave together conceptual analyses and the many varied empirical findings from cognitive psychology and neuroscience. In doing so, they present the conceptual grounds for positing this type of internal representation and summarize and refute arguments to the contrary. Their argument also serves as a historical review of the imagery debate from its earliest inception to its most recent phases, and provides ample evidence that significant progress has been made in our understanding of mental imagery. In illustrating how scientists think about one of the most difficult problems in psychology and neuroscience, this book goes beyond the debate to explore the nature of cognition and to draw out implications for the study of consciousness. Student and professional researchers in vision science, cognitive psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience will find The Case for Mental Imagery to be an invaluable resource for understanding not only the imagery debate, but also and more broadly, the nature of thought, and how theory and research shape the evolution of scientific debates.

Selbstbeobachtung

Author : Thomas Eder
ISBN : 9783518730515
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51. 20 MB
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Seit fast 40 Jahren arbeitet Oswald Wiener an einer denkpsychologischen Theorie der menschlichen Intelligenz. Als empirische Grundlage dient ihm dabei die Methode der Selbstbeobachtung, die, entgegen dem behavioristischen Verdikt, gestützt auf einen operationalen Strukturbegriff, reproduzier- und validierbare Beobachtungen ermöglicht. Im letzten Jahrzehnt hat sich um Wiener eine Arbeitsgruppe gebildet, deren aktuellen Diskussionstand dieses Buch anhand einschlägiger (Selbst-)Versuche dokumentiert. Nach einer historischen Einleitung und einem Aufsatz zu den elementaren Tatsachen der Selbstbeobachtung eröffnet sich hier ein Feld, das gerade in Zeiten des Scheiterns statistischer Allmachtsphantasien in den Sozialwissenschaften besonderes Interesse verdient.

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Psychology

Author : Daniel Reisberg
ISBN : 9780195376746
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37. 97 MB
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This handbook is an essential, comprehensive resource for students and academics interested in topics in cognitive psychology, including perceptual issues, attention, memory, knowledge representation, language, emotional influences, judgment, problem solving, and the study of individual differences in cognition.

Motor Cognition

Author : Marc Jeannerod
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114451235
Genre : Education
File Size : 90. 83 MB
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The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : UOM:39015066099238
Genre : English literature
File Size : 81. 34 MB
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F Rderung Der Zahlbegriffsentwicklung Bei Sehenden Und Blinden Kindern

Author : Juliane Leuders
ISBN : 9783834825490
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 20 MB
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Die wissenschaftliche Kenntnislage zur Entwicklung mathematischer Kompetenzen bei blinden Kindern ist lückenhaft, heterogen und teilweise widersprüchlich. Auch für sehende Kinder wurden psychologische Forschungsergebnisse bisher nur teilweise aus didaktischer Perspektive ausgewertet. Juliane Leuders bietet einen umfassenden Überblick über den deutschen und englischsprachigen Forschungsstand zu den Grundlagen des Arithmetiklernens von sehenden und blinden Vorschulkindern und Schulanfängern. Sie thematisiert neuro- und wahrnehmungspsychologische Grundlagen des Hörens und Tastens und erörtert kognitive Prozesse und die Entwicklung des zahlbezogenen Denkens. Im didaktischen Teil beschreibt sie den Kompetenzerwerb im inklusiven Unterricht, die Qualität von Veranschaulichungen und erarbeitet konkrete Vorschläge für die Adaption von Unterrichtsmaterialien.

Visual Reflections

Author : Michael McCloskey
ISBN : UOM:39015078784272
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 12 MB
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How much can we learn about normal visual perception and cognition from a malfunctioning visual system? Quite a lot, as Michael McCloskey makes abundantly clear in this book. McCloskey presents his work with AH, a college student who has an extraordinary deficit in visual perception. When AH looks at an object, she sees it clearly and identifies it readily; yet she is often dramatically mistaken about where the object is or how it is oriented. For example, she may reach out to grasp an object that she sees on her left, but miss it completely because it is actually on her right; or she may see an arrow pointing up when it is really pointing down. AH's errors, together with many other clues, lead McCloskey to some very interesting conclusions about how we perceive the world. He develops theoretical claims about visual subsystems, the nature of visual location and orientation representations, attention and spatial representations, the role of the visual system in mental imagery, and the levels of the visual system implicated in awareness. Visual Reflections makes a fascinating and compelling case that we can often learn more about a process when it goes awry than when it functions flawlessly.

Psychology Of The Image

Author : Michael Forrester
ISBN : 9781134709557
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 64 MB
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Psychology of the Image outlines a theoretical framework bringing together the semiotic concepts developed by Charles Peirce, the sociological insights of Ervin Goffman and the psychoanalytic ideas of Jacques Lacan. Image studies in fashion, advertising, photography, film studies and psychology have been influenced by these theorists in significant ways. The framework presented helps the reader understand how these ideas relate to the study of different domains of the image: the internal imagery of dreams, external images such as the photograph and image processes which span both contexts, e.g., images we have about ourselves. The topics discussed are organised into three themes. The first considers mental imagery, including sound and dreams. The second addresses the interdependent nature of internal and external images, e.g., the gendered self and social identity. In the third theme, attention turns to external images including television, film, photography, the computer and the internet. Psychology of the Image will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates, lecturers and researchers in the fields of psychology, media studies and sociology.

The Oxford Handbook Of Cognitive Linguistics

Author : Dirk Geeraerts
ISBN : 9780199890026
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 3 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of Cognitive Linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. The first twenty chapters give readers the opportunity to acquire a thorough knowledge of the fundamental analytic concepts and descriptive models of Cognitive Linguistics and their background. The book starts with a set of chapters discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in Cognitive Linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of chapters deals with Cognitive Grammar, Construction Grammar, and Word Grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between Cognitive and Construction Grammar. A third set of chapters compares Cognitive Linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus giving a readers a better grip on the position of Cognitive Linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining chapters apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how Cognitive Linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally they consider its importance in the domain of Applied Linguistics, and look at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology. With a well-known cast of contributors from around the world, this reference work will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in (cognitive) linguistics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology.

Journal Of Mental Imagery

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0090619594
Genre : Imagery (Psychology)
File Size : 90. 24 MB
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