the chemistry and biology of nitroxyl hno

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The Chemistry And Biology Of Nitroxyl Hno

Author : Fabio Doctorovich
ISBN : 9780128011645
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 46 MB
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The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO) provides first-of-its-kind coverage of the intriguing biologically active molecule called nitroxyl, or azanone per IUPAC nomenclature, which has been traditionally elusive due to its intrinsically high reactivity. This useful resource provides the scientific basis to understand the chemistry, biology, and technical aspects needed to deal with HNO. Building on two decades of nitric oxide and nitroxyl research, the editors and authors have created an indispensable guide for investigators across a wide variety of areas of chemistry (inorganic, organic, organometallic, biochemistry, physical, and analytical); biology (molecular, cellular, physiological, and enzymology); pharmacy; and medicine. This book begins by exploring the unique molecule’s structure and reactivity, including important reactions with small molecules, thiols, porphyrins, and key proteins, before discussing chemical and biological sources of nitroxyl. Advanced chapters discuss methods for both trapping and detecting nitroxyl by spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and fluorescent inorganic cellular probing. Expanding on the compound’s foundational chemistry, this book then explores its molecular physiology to offer insight into its biological implications, pharmacological effects, and practical issues. Presents the first book on HNO (nitroxyl or azanone), an increasingly important molecule in biochemistry and pharmaceutical research Provides a valuable coverage of HNO’s chemical structure and significant reactions, including practical guidance on working with this highly reactive molecule Contains high quality content from recognized experts in both industry and academia

Biochemical Targets Of Nitroxyl Hno And The Inhibition Of Hydrogen Peroxide Metabolism

Author : Matthew Irick Jackson
ISBN : UCLA:L0100089903
Genre :
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Synthetic Explorations In The Pursuit Of A Rapid Photoactivatable Nitroxyl Donor

Author : Mark Wesley Campbell
ISBN : OCLC:1057288165
Genre :
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Nitroxyl (HNO) is a biologically relevant small molecule with considerable clinical promise for the treatment of heart failure. However, studies of the chemistry and biology of nitroxyl are hampered by its instability in aqueous solution. To aid in biological and chemical studies, nitroxyl donors (molecules that degrade to release HNO) have been synthesized which utilize a 3-hydroxy-2-naphthyl methyl (HNM) OH protecting group. Our group0́9s focus is on the synthesis of nitroxyl donors that rapidly release HNO under physiological conditions through photoactivation. First generation HNO donors released HNO upon photoactivation, but competition was also observed from a redox side reaction. In this study, we are probing the impact of a methyl substituent at the benzylic position on these competing processes. The synthesis and photochemical anaylsis of such a donor are herein described.

Molecular Design In Inorganic Biochemistry

Author : Daniel Rabinovich
ISBN : 9783662435991
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 22 MB
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Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors.

An Examination Of The Physiologically Relevant Chemistry Of Nitroxyl Hno

Author : Natalie Mikki Cook
ISBN : UCLA:L0087458626
Genre :
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Biological Pigments Advances In Research And Application 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464922121
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 91 MB
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Biological Pigments: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological Pigments. The editors have built Biological Pigments: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological Pigments in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Biological Pigments: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Nitric Oxide

Author : Louis J. Ignarro
ISBN : 9780128043196
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 88 MB
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Nitric Oxide: Biology and Pathobiology, Third Edition, provides information on nitric oxide, a signaling molecule of key importance for the cardiovascular system that regulates blood pressure and blood flow to different organs. With recent links to the role of nitric oxide in the expression of healthy benefits of controlled diet and aerobic exercise, and the reactions of nitric oxide that can impact cell signaling, this book provides a comprehensive resource during a time when increased research attention is being paid across the fields of biochemistry, chemistry, molecular biology, gene therapy, cell biology, immunology, pharmacology, neuroscience, and physiology. Includes perspectives from Jack Lancaster on the discovery of EDRF and nitric oxide Provides detailed coverage of the new gaseous signaling agents Features expanded coverage on the principles of biology, including nitric oxide synthases, nitrite and nitrate biology and pathobiology, and signaling mechanisms Incorporates expanded pathobiology coverage, including nitric oxide and cardiovascular function, obesity, diabetes, and erectile function/dysfunction

Radicals For Life

Author : Ernst van Faassen
ISBN : 0080489591
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 41 MB
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Radicals for Life: the Various Forms of Nitric Oxide provides an up-to-date overview of the role of nitrosocompounds and nitrosyl-iron complexes in physiology. Nitrosocompounds can be considered as stabilised forms of nitric oxide, one of the most important regulatory molecules in physiology today. Many nitrosocompounds share some of the physiological functions of nitric oxide, and may be formed inside living organisms. This is the first book to be published that is dedicated to the role of such nitrosocompounds in physiology, with particular emphasis on the nitrosocompounds that are endogenously formed in higher organisms and humans. Points of discussion include: physical and chemical properties of the compounds, the main chemical pathways in vivo, as well as the physiological effects that have been recognised to date. Each of the nineteen chapters is written by distinguished specialists in the field, well known for their original and important contributions to the subject. Also included are results from a wide range of studies in vitro, in cell cultures, animal models and human volunteers. Examples of alternative forms of nitric oxide, with special emphasis on their protective role against widespread human diseases like atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, sexual dysfunction, and renal insufficiency to stroke and ischemia are also included. First monograph to consider and provide an overview of endogenous nitrosocompounds and nitrosyl-iron complexes Extensive bibliographic references, written by specialists of human physiology Providing high scientific quality with a focus on implications for human diseases

Redox Active Therapeutics

Author : Ines Batinić-Haberle
ISBN : 9783319307053
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 24 MB
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This essential volume comprehensively discusses redox-active therapeutics, focusing particularly on their molecular design, mechanistic, pharmacological and medicinal aspects. The first section of the book describes the basic aspects of the chemistry and biology of redox-active drugs and includes a brief overview of the redox-based pathways involved in cancer and the medical aspects of redox-active drugs, assuming little in the way of prior knowledge. Subsequent sections and chapters describe more specialized aspects of central nervous system injuries, neurodegenerative diseases, pain, radiation injury and radioprotection (such as of brain, lungs, head and neck and erectile function) and neglected diseases (e.g., leishmaniasis). It encompasses several major classes of redox-active experimental therapeutics, which include porphyrins, salens, nitrones, and most notably metal-containing (e.g., Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Sb) drugs as either single compounds or formulations with nanomaterials and quantum dots. Numerous illustrations, tables and figures enhance and complement the text; extensive references to relevant literature are also included. Redox-Active Therapeutics is an invaluable addition to Springer’s Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice series. It is essential reading for researchers, clinicians and graduate students interested in understanding and exploring the Redoxome—the organism redox network—as an emerging frontier in drug design, redox biology and medicine.

Nitric Oxide

Author : B. Mayer
ISBN : 9783642570773
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 97 MB
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Nitric oxide (NO) has been discovered to play a fundamental role in a number of biological phenomena. This book describes various aspects of nitric oxide biology, physiology and pharmacology. It is divided into three sections. The first part deals with the basic chemistry and enzymology of NO, thus laying a molecular basis for what follows. The middle part surveys the physiological roles of NO under normal conditions. The concluding part explores the relevance of NO to disease, both as a pathogenic factor and a therapeutic target. The book thus provides detailed information on NO biology to the reader unfamiliar with the field and represents a reference work for scientists working in an NO-related field of biomedical research. Each chapter, written by experts in their fields, gives a broad introduction followed by a comprehensive review of the current knowledge and a detailed reference list.

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