the collapse of american criminal justice

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The Collapse Of American Criminal Justice

Author : William J. Stuntz
ISBN : 9780674051751
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 35 MB
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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Handbook On Criminal Justice Responses To Terrorism Arabic Language

Author :
ISBN : 9216300108
Genre :
File Size : 24. 11 MB
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American Criminal Justice Policy

Author : Daniel P. Mears
ISBN : 9780521762465
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60. 13 MB
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Examines the most prominent criminal justice policies, finding that they fall short of achieving the effectiveness that policymakers have advocated.

Free Market Criminal Justice

Author : Darryl K. Brown
ISBN : 9780190457877
Genre : Criminal justice, Administration of
File Size : 52. 42 MB
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Free Market Criminal Justice explains how faith in democratic politics and free markets has undermined the rule of law in US criminal process. America's unique political development, characterized by skepticism of government power, has restrained the state's role not only in the economic realm but also in key parts of its criminal justice systems. From charging decisions through trials or guilty pleas and appeals, legal safeguards against bias, wrongful convictions, and excessive punishment rely more on politics and laissez-faire economic ideas than on enforceable rules and duties. Prosecutorial discretion is checked not by legal standards but by popular elections, and plea bargaining law is wholly built on a faith in unregulated markets-in contrast to the systems in other common law countries that also have neoliberal economies, adversarial process, and high guilty plea rates. This book argues that democratic and market ideas have led to more partisan prosecutors, narrower duties of evidence disclosure, and to a right to defense counsel that carefully accommodates preexisting wealth inequalities. Most important, democratic and market values have diminished the responsibility of judges-and of the state itself-for the accuracy and integrity of court judgments. Paradoxically, skepticism of government has expanded state power, reduced checks on executive officials, marginalized juries, and contributed to record incarceration rates. In contrast to recent arguments for re-invigorating democracy in criminal process, Free Market Criminal Justice argues that, to strengthen the rule of law, US criminal justice needs less democracy, fewer market mechanisms, and more law.

Social Justice Criminal Justice

Author : Cyndy Caravelis
ISBN : 9781317298007
Genre : Law
File Size : 52. 25 MB
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Social Justice, Criminal Justice is a thought-provoking examination of the U.S. legal system, focusing on how criminal justice and social justice are related. The book provides a solid foundation of key philosophical and theoretical issues and goes on to examine the function of the law as it relates to social justice issues. The authors present and explain the foundational legal documents of the United States, and critically examine how those same documents, which espoused the rhetoric of equality for all, contribute toward the perpetuation and maintenance of a system of exclusion for groups with minority status, such as racial and ethnic minorities, the poor, women, and the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) community. Succinct but comprehensive, this text offers a careful examination of possible relationships between social justice theory and criminal justice practice and illuminates the role that the legal system has played in both preventing and assisting social change and power dynamics. For each identified group, important landmark court decisions are used to demonstrate the plight of the powerless and the quest for equal rights. The book provides an important perspective and understanding of the relationships among criminal justice, social justice, and the law. Suitable for undergraduate and early graduate courses in Social Justice, Justice Studies, Critical Issues, Ethics, and American Government and Law, this text provides easily digestible content for those interested in thinking critically about the U.S. legal system.

The Conviction Factory

Author : Roger Roots
ISBN : 1492928895
Genre :
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Dr. Roger Roots, America's most provocative scholar of criminology and constitutional history, argues that America's criminal courts have gradually abandoned adversarial due process and embraced a more inquisitorial model of justice favored by prosecutors. In theory, convicting someone of a crime should be more difficult than obtaining a civil judgment by winning a lawsuit against him. The burden of proof is higher (beyond a reasonable doubt in criminal cases, as opposed to a mere preponderance of evidence in civil cases), and there are supposedly a number of constitutional protections for criminal defendants that do not apply to civil litigants. However, in modern courtrooms, convictions are obtained almost effortlessly by prosecutors. In The Conviction Factory, Dr. Roots traces the history of American criminal justice from its roots in English common law and then follows this history into the twenty-first century. Roots details how the adversarial model of justice, which pits the prosecution against the defendant on a level playing field, has been quietly and slowly whittled away. This book is exhaustively footnoted. It represents a continuation (and partially a compilation) of Roots' previously published law review articles on the subject of criminal procedural history. The Conviction Factory is more than just a history of criminal procedure. It is a gripping yarn that provokes fundamental questions about fairness, justice and trust in the institutions of government.

Author : مارك مانسون
ISBN : 9786144720196
Genre :
File Size : 22. 21 MB
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ظل يُقال لنا طيلة عشرات السنوات إن التفكير الإيجابي هو المفتاح إلى حياة سعيدة ثرية. لكن مارك مانسون يشتم تلك " الإيجابية " ويقول: " فلنكن صادقين، السيء سيء وعلينا أن نتعايش مع هذا ". لا يتهرّب مانسون من الحقائق ولا يغفلها بالسكّر، بل يقولها لنا كما هي: جرعة من الحقيقة الفجِّة الصادقة المنعشة هي ما ينقصنا اليوم. هذا الكتاب ترياق للذهنية التي نهدهد أنفسنا بها، ذهنية " فلنعمل على أن يكون لدينا كلنا شعور طيب " التي غزت المجتمع المعاصر فأفسدت جيلًا بأسره صار ينال ميداليات ذهبية لمجرد الحضور إلى المدرسة. ينصحنا مانسون بأن نعرف حدود إمكاناتنا وأن نتقبلها. وأن ندرك مخاوفنا ونواقصنا وما لسنا واثقين منه، وأن نكفّ عن التهرب والفرار من ذلك كله ونبدأ مواجهة الحقائق الموجعة، حتى نصير قادرين على العثور على ما نبحث عنه من جرأة ومثابرة وصدق ومسؤولية وتسامح وحب للمعرفة. لا يستطيع كل شخص أن يكون متميزًا متفوقًا. ففي المجتمع ناجحين وفاشلين؛ وقسم من هذا الواقع ليس عادلًا وليس نتيجة غلطتك أنت. وصحيح أن المال شيء حسن، لكن اهتمامك بما تفعله بحياتك أحسن كثيرًا؛ فالتجربة هي الثروة الحقيقية. إنها لحظة حديث حقيقي صادق لشخص يمسكك من كتفيك وينظر في عينيك. هذا الكتاب صفعة " منعشة لهذا الجيل حتى تساعده في عيش حياة راضية مستقرة.

Guilty

Author : Harold J. Rothwax
ISBN : UOM:39015031852505
Genre : Law
File Size : 32. 99 MB
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A distinguished jurist describes the collapse of the American criminal justice system, arguing that criminals and defense attorneys hide behind problem laws and technicalities and calling for eight crucial reforms of the system. 75,000 first printing. $75,000 ad/promo. Tour.

Kafka S Law

Author : Robert P. Burns
ISBN : 9780226167473
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 34 MB
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Franz Kafka s vision of the Law in "The Trial "is so strange, arbitrary, and unjust that it would seem to be the antithesis of our own. Yet, that is what makes Robert Burns latest book so compelling. Robert Burns brilliantly shows that Kakfa s masterpiece provides an uncanny lens through which to see and understand the American criminal justice system today. It provokes a shock of recognition that makes us see it in a very different light. Assuming no prior knowledge of Kafka s book, Burns tells the story, at once funny and grim, of Josef K., caught in the Law s grip and then crushed by it. Laying out the characteristics of Kafka s Law, Burns argues that the American criminal justice system has taken on too many of those same qualities. In the overwhelming majority of cases, our system is composed of police interrogation followed by plea bargaining, where the courts only function is but to set a sentence on an individual already determined to be guilty. Like Kafka s nightmarish vision, too much of our criminal law and procedure has become unknowable, ubiquitous, and bureaucratic. It too has come to rely on deception in dealing with suspects and jurors, to limit the role of defense counsel, and to increasingly dispense justice without the protections of formal procedures. Burns compellingly explains how and why we have become an increasingly punitive society. Finally, he takes up the question of whether we have the resources to change these Kafkaesque aspects of our criminal justice system and shows how the jury trial has that potential, but only if it is returned to a more central place in our system."

The Sacred Project Of American Sociology

Author : Christian Smith
ISBN : 9780199377152
Genre : Religion
File Size : 23. 14 MB
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Counter to popular perceptions, contemporary American sociology is and promotes a profoundly sacred project at heart. Sociology today is in fact animated by sacred impulses, driven by sacred commitments, and serves a sacred project. Sociology appears on the surface to be a secular, scientific enterprise--its founding fathers were mostly atheists. Its basic operating premises are secular and naturalistic. Sociologists today are disproportionately not religious, compared to all Americans, and often irreligious. The Sacred Project of American Sociology shows, counter-intuitively, that the secular enterprise that everyday sociology appears to be pursuing is actually not what is really going on at sociology's deepest level. Christian Smith conducts a self-reflexive, tables-turning, cultural and institutional sociology of the profession of American sociology itself, showing that this allegedly secular discipline ironically expresses Emile Durkheim's inescapable sacred, exemplifies its own versions of Marxist false consciousness, and generates a spirited reaction against Max Weber's melancholically observed disenchantment of the world. American sociology does not escape the analytical net that it casts over the rest of the ordinary world. Sociology itself is a part of that very human, very social, often very sacred and spiritual world. And sociology's ironic mis-recognition of its own sacred project leads to a variety of arguably self-destructive and distorting tendencies. This book re-asserts a vision for what sociology is most important for, in contrast with its current commitments, and calls sociologists back to a more honest, fair, and healthy vision of its purpose.

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