the collegial tradition in the age of mass higher education

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The Collegial Tradition In The Age Of Mass Higher Education

Author : Ted Tapper
ISBN : 9048191548
Genre : Education
File Size : 85. 55 MB
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Much of our writing re?ects a long-term commitment to the analysis of the col- gial tradition in higher education. This commitment is re?ected most strongly in Oxford and the Decline of the Collegiate Tradition (2000), which we are pleased to say will re-appear as a considerably revised second edition (Oxford, The Collegiate University: Con?ict, Consensus and Continuity) to be published by Springer in the near future. To some extent this volume, The Collegial Tradition in the Age of Mass Higher Education, is a reaction to the charge that our work has been too narrowly focussed upon the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge (Oxbridge). Not surpr- ingly, you would expect us to reject that critique, while responding constructively to it. The focus may be narrow, and although the relative presence and, more arguably, the in?uence of Oxford and Cambridge may have declined in English higher e- cation, they remain important national universities. Moreover, as the plethora of so-called world-class higher education league tables would have us believe, they also have a powerful international status. This, however, is essentially a defensive response dependent upon the alleged reputations of the two universities. This book is intent on making a more substantial argument. To examine the c- legial tradition in higher education means much more than presenting a nostalgic look at the past.

Oxford The Collegiate University

Author : Ted Tapper
ISBN : 9400700474
Genre : Education
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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Oxford is one of the world’s great universities but this has not meant that it is exempt from pressures for change. On various fronts it has been required to meet the challenges that universities almost worldwide have to face. Given the retrenchment of public funding, especially to support undergraduate teaching, it has been required to augment its financial base, while at the same time deciding how to respond to pressure from successive governments determined to use higher education to achieve their own policy goals. While still consistently ranked as a world-class university, it has to decide how it is to acquire the funding to continue in this league, or whether this goal is worth pursuing. Oxford is a collegiate university, which means its colleges share with the University responsibility for the delivery of its central goals. Is this balance of authority shifting over time? If so, how is this to be accounted for, and what are the likely outcomes for the collegiate university? This book sets out to address these questions and arrives at an essentially positive conclusion. Oxford will continue to remain an effective collegiate university and, while its identity will change, its central character will persist.

Oxford And The Decline Of The Collegiate Tradition

Author : David Palfreyman
ISBN : 9781136225147
Genre : Education
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For centuries, the idea of collegiality has been integral to the British understanding of higher education. This book examines how its values are being restructured in response to the 21st-century pressures of massification and managerialism.

Structuring Mass Higher Education

Author : David Palfreyman
ISBN : 9780415426046
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 48 MB
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Undoubtedly the most important development in higher education in recent years has been the seemingly inexorable expansion of national systems. In a comparatively short time period many countries have moved from an elite to a mass model. Furthermore, expansion has invariably changed the whole experience of higher education for all the interested parties from, presidents, rectors and vice-chancellors to first-term undergraduates. Structuring Mass Higher Educationexamines the impact of this change upon the existing national structures of higher education. It also defines and highlights what makes an ‘elite’ university – something which institutions must strive for in order to gain their position as global players. With case studies and contributions from a wide range of international authors, the book explores questions such as: Do higher education institutions retain a national significance, even though the vestiges of an international reputation have long faded? Has expansion undermined the quality of higher education because governments sought to expand "on the cheap"? Is the elite institutional response to mass higher education perceived as a threat to be responded to with purposeful action that sustains their elite status? Does the emergence of the international league tables pose a challenge to those responsible for governing elite institutions? These are critical issues with which both policy-makers and institutional leaders will have to grapple over the next ten years, making Structuring Mass Higher Educationa timely, relevant, and much needed text. It will appeal to policy makers and practitioners within higher education as well as student and scholars worldwide.

The Rise And Decline Of Faculty Governance

Author : Larry G. Gerber
ISBN : 9781421414645
Genre : Education
File Size : 52. 82 MB
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The Rise and Decline of Faculty Governance is the first history of shared governance in American higher education. Drawing on archival materials and extensive published sources, Larry G. Gerber shows how the professionalization of college teachers coincided with the rise of the modern university in the late nineteenth century and was the principal justification for granting teachers power in making educational decisions. In the twentieth century, the efforts of these governing faculties were directly responsible for molding American higher education into the finest academic system in the world. In recent decades, however, the growing complexity of "multiversities" and the application of business strategies to manage these institutions threatened the concept of faculty governance. Faculty shifted from being autonomous professionals to being "employees." The casualization of the academic labor market, Gerber argues, threatens to erode the quality of universities. As more faculty become contingent employees, rather than tenured career professionals enjoying both job security and intellectual autonomy, universities become factories in the knowledge economy. In addition to tracing the evolution of faculty decision making, this historical narrative provides readers with an important perspective on contemporary debates about the best way to manage America’s colleges and universities. Gerber also reflects on whether American colleges and universities will be able to retain their position of global preeminence in an increasingly market-driven environment, given that the system of governance that helped make their success possible has been fundamentally altered. -- Benjamin Ginsberg, author of The Fall of the Faculty: The Rise of the All-Administrative University and Why It MattersLawrence Poston, University of Illinois at Chicago

Campus Traditions

Author : Simon J. Bronner
ISBN : 9781617036163
Genre : Education
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From their beginnings, campuses emerged as hotbeds of traditions and folklore. American college students inhabit a culture with its own slang, stories, humor, beliefs, rituals, and pranks. Simon J. Bronner takes a long, engaging look at American campus life and how it is shaped by students and at the same time shapes the values of all who pass through it. The archetypes of absent-minded profs, fumbling jocks, and curve-setting dweebs are the stuff of legend and humor, along with the all-nighters, tailgating parties, and initiations that mark campus tradition--and student identities. Undergraduates in their hallowed halls embrace distinctive traditions because the experience of higher education precariously spans childhood and adulthood, parental and societal authority, home and corporation, play and work. Bronner traces historical changes in these traditions. The predominant context has shifted from what he calls the "old-time college," small in size and strong in its sense of community, to mass society's "mega-university," a behemoth that extends beyond any campus to multiple branches and offshoots throughout a state, region, and sometimes the globe. One might assume that the mega-university has dissolved collegiate traditions and displaced the old-time college, but Bronner finds the opposite. Student needs for social belonging in large universities and a fear of losing personal control have given rise to distinctive forms of lore and a striving for retaining the pastoral "campus feel" of the old-time college. The folkloric material students spout, and sprout, in response to these needs is varied but it is tied together by its invocation of tradition and social purpose. Beneath the veil of play, students work through tough issues of their age and environment. They use their lore to suggest ramifications, if not resolution, of these issues for themselves and for their institutions. In the process, campus traditions are keys to the development of American culture.

The Changing University

Author : Tom Schuller
ISBN : 0335194206
Genre : Education
File Size : 89. 20 MB
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Higher education the world over appears to be going through dramatic change. In the UK the end of the binary line has meant an immediate increase in the number of universities, with added pressures on these institutions resulting in a wide range of competing claims on the energies and skills of university staff. But how far has the system really changed to meet the new challenges - and the old ones? This volume looks at changes in the student population, in teaching and learning processes, in funding, leadership and organizational styles. It places these in a broad international context, with contributions drawing on experience from North America, Australasia, Africa, Europe and the World Bank. It includes a perspective from further education and a look back at the last thirty years in UK higher education. The Changing University? shows that we need to think carefully before assuming that universities and the higher education system have really engaged with major change; and it examines alternative scenarios for the future.

Perspectives On Higher Education In The Digital Age

Author : Michael F. Beaudoin
ISBN : 1594548412
Genre : Education
File Size : 31. 18 MB
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This volume consists of a series of seventeen essays examining the future of higher education, especially as impacted by the rapid advance and pervasive presence of digital resources. There can be little disagreement that information, communication and instructional technologies are already having a significant impact on schools and colleges, and what is occurring today will have a profound influence not only on educational structures in the future, but also on teaching and learning processes. As a consequence, all stakeholders in the educational enterprise will be affected. The 26 authors and co-authors represented within, all of whom are recognized scholars and practitioners in the field of distance education, attempt here to pose relevant questions and provide thoughtful, and sometimes provocative, responses. These contributors write from diverse perspectives, representing several countries and continents, as well as varied organizational and cultural settings, offering both micro and macro views on the topics they address.

Beyond Mass Higher Education

Author : Ian McNay
ISBN : 033521858X
Genre : Education
File Size : 43. 2 MB
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What are the key elements of mass higher education? How does mass higher education affect students and staff? What are the policy, pedagogic and management issues that need to be addressed? More is now expected of higher education provision. It has to meet demands for expansion, excellence, diversity and equity in access and assessment, teaching and research, as well as entrepreneurial engagement with the world outside. Thirty years ago, Martin Trow wrote of higher education systems moving from elite provision through a mass system to universal levels of access. The UK is now approaching such universal levels; Scotland has already reached them. It is nearly fifteen years since Trow's mass threshold was reached. Despite being on the brink of universal provision, there is still no clear picture of what a mass system should look like.This collection looks forward to the next decade of higher education, and identifies strategic issues that need to be tackled at institutional and management levels. It considers how far the higher education system has adapted to respond to the requirements of a mass and universal system, rather than struggling to sustain an elite system with mass participation.Beyond Mass Higher Educationis key reading for those leading and managing universities and colleges, as well as higher education researchers and policy makers.Contributors: John Brennan, Centre for HE Research and Information; Grainne Conole, University of Southampton; Stephen Court, AUT; Jim Gallacher, Glasgow Caledonian University; Peter Knight, The Open University; Carole Leathwood, London Metropolitan University; Brenda Little, Open University; Lisa Lucas, University of Bristol; Ian McNay, University of Greenwich; Robin Middlehurst, University of Surrey; Bob Osborne, University of Ulster; Richard Pearson, Institute for Employment Studies; Wendy Saunderson, University of Ulster; Michael Shattock, Institute of Education, London; Celia Whitchurch, King's College London; Mantz Yorke, Liverpool John Moores University.

International Handbook Of Higher Education

Author : James J.F. Forest
ISBN : 1402040113
Genre : Education
File Size : 59. 14 MB
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This book provides a central, authoritative source of reference on the most essential topics of higher education. The International Handbook of Higher Education combines a rich diversity of scholarly perspectives with a wide range of internationally derived descriptions and analyses. Chapters in the first volume cover central themes in the study of higher education, while contributors to the second volume focuses on contemporary higher education issues within specific countries or regions. Together, these volumes provide a centralized, easily accessible, yet scholarly source of information.

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