the color of the land race nation and the politics of landownership in oklahoma 1832 1929

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The Color Of The Land

Author : David A. Chang
ISBN : 0807895768
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 54 MB
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The Color of the Land brings the histories of Creek Indians, African Americans, and whites in Oklahoma together into one story that explores the way races and nations were made and remade in conflicts over who would own land, who would farm it, and who would rule it. This story disrupts expected narratives of the American past, revealing how identities--race, nation, and class--took new forms in struggles over the creation of different systems of property. Conflicts were unleashed by a series of sweeping changes: the forced "removal" of the Creeks from their homeland to Oklahoma in the 1830s, the transformation of the Creeks' enslaved black population into landed black Creek citizens after the Civil War, the imposition of statehood and private landownership at the turn of the twentieth century, and the entrenchment of a sharecropping economy and white supremacy in the following decades. In struggles over land, wealth, and power, Oklahomans actively defined and redefined what it meant to be Native American, African American, or white. By telling this story, David Chang contributes to the history of racial construction and nationalism as well as to southern, western, and Native American history.

Black Slaves Indian Masters

Author : Barbara Krauthamer
ISBN : 9781469607115
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 82 MB
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From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes' removal from the Deep South to Indian Territory. The tribes formulated racial and gender ideologies that justified this practice and marginalized free black people in the Indian nations well after the Civil War and slavery had ended. Through the end of the nineteenth century, ongoing conflicts among Choctaw, Chickasaw, and U.S. lawmakers left untold numbers of former slaves and their descendants in the two Indian nations without citizenship in either the Indian nations or the United States. In this groundbreaking study, Barbara Krauthamer rewrites the history of southern slavery, emancipation, race, and citizenship to reveal the centrality of Native American slaveholders and the black people they enslaved. Krauthamer's examination of slavery and emancipation highlights the ways Indian women's gender roles changed with the arrival of slavery and changed again after emancipation and reveals complex dynamics of race that shaped the lives of black people and Indians both before and after removal.

Metis And The Medicine Line

Author : Michel Hogue
ISBN : 9781469621067
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 55 MB
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Born of encounters between Indigenous women and Euro-American men in the first decades of the nineteenth century, the Plains Metis people occupied contentious geographic and cultural spaces. Living in a disputed area of the northern Plains inhabited by various Indigenous nations and claimed by both the United States and Great Britain, the Metis emerged as a people with distinctive styles of speech, dress, and religious practice, and occupational identities forged in the intense rivalries of the fur and provisions trade. Michel Hogue explores how, as fur trade societies waned and as state officials looked to establish clear lines separating the United States from Canada and Indians from non-Indians, these communities of mixed Indigenous and European ancestry were profoundly affected by the efforts of nation-states to divide and absorb the North American West. Grounded in extensive research in U.S. and Canadian archives, Hogue's account recenters historical discussions that have typically been confined within national boundaries and illuminates how Plains Indigenous peoples like the Metis were at the center of both the unexpected accommodations and the hidden history of violence that made the "world's longest undefended border."

The Southern Historian

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89119490159
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 79 MB
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The Western Historical Quarterly

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822038339008
Genre : Frontier and pioneer life
File Size : 66. 36 MB
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The World And All The Things Upon It

Author : David A. Chang
ISBN : 0816699410
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 4 MB
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What if we saw indigenous people as the active agents of global exploration rather than as the passive objects of that exploration? What if, instead of conceiving of global exploration as an enterprise just of European men such as Columbus or Cook or Magellan, we thought of it as an enterprise of the people they "discovered"? What could such a new perspective reveal about geographical understanding and its place in struggles over power in the context of colonialism? The World and All the Things upon It addresses these questions by tracing how Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian people) explored the outside world and generated their own understandings of it in the century after James Cook's arrival in 1778. Writing with verve, David A. Chang draws on the compelling words of long-ignored Hawaiian-language sources--stories, songs, chants, and political prose--to demonstrate how Native Hawaiian people worked to influence their metaphorical "place in the world." We meet, for example, Ka'iana, a Hawaiian chief who took an English captain as his lover and, while sailing throughout the Pacific, considered how Chinese, Filipinos, Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans might shape relations with Westerners to their own advantage. Chang's book is unique in examining travel, sexuality, spirituality, print culture, gender, labor, education, and race to shed light on how constructions of global geography became a site through which Hawaiians, as well as their would-be colonizers, perceived and contested imperialism, colonialism, and nationalism. Rarely have historians asked how non-Western people imagined and even forged their own geographies of their colonizers and the broader world. This book takes up that task. It emphasizes, moreover, that there is no better way to understand the process and meaning of global exploration than by looking out from the shores of a place, such as Hawai'i, that was allegedly the object, and not the agent, of exploration.

Sozialsystem Familie

Author : Oliver Wennmann
ISBN : 9783638793124
Genre :
File Size : 52. 47 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2001 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Familie, Frauen, Manner, Sexualitat, Geschlechter, Note: 1.0, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main, Veranstaltung: Ausgewahlte Probleme der Familiensoziologie, 5 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Familie aus der Sicht der Systemtheorie nach Luhmann, Abstract: Diese Arbeit thematisiert Familie aus der Sicht der Systemtheorie nach Niklas Luhmann. Sie wird hierbei als Sozialsystem begriffen, in dem eine gesamtgesellschaftlich einmalige Kommunikationsstruktur vorliegt, welche den teilnehmenden Personen einerseits besondere Moglichkeiten bietet, andererseits jedoch ebenso strukturell immanente Risiken in sich birgt. Um eine Basis dafur zu schaffen, Familie als Kommunikationssystem auffassen zu konnen, werden zunachst die hierfur relevanten Aspekte der Systemtheorie dargelegt. Die anschliessende Erorterung der besonderen Spezifika des Kommunikationssystems Familie werden deren Einordnung in einen gesamtgesellschaftlichen Zusammenhang erlauben. Die hierbei gewonnenen Erkenntnisse munden in eine Analyse der strukturellen Risiken und Folgeprobleme familialer Kommunikation."


Author : Albert Memmi
ISBN : 3610046961
Genre : Discrimination
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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Die Verfassung Und Die Politik

Author : Dieter Grimm
ISBN : 3406482058
Genre : Constitutional history
File Size : 41. 78 MB
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Author : P.C. Cast
ISBN : 9783104003115
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 76. 19 MB
Format : PDF
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HOUSE OF NIGHT: die einzig legitime Nachfolge-Serie der Bis(s) Romane Als auf der Stirn der 16jährigen Zoey Redbird eine saphirblaue Mondsichel aufscheint, weiß sie, dass ihr nicht viel Zeit bleibt, um ins House of Night, das Internat für Vampyre, zu kommen. Denn jetzt ist sie gezeichnet. Im House of Night soll sie zu einem richtigen Vampyr ausgebildet werden – vorausgesetzt, dass sie die Wandlung überlebt. Zoey ist absolut nicht begeistert davon, ein neues Leben anfangen zu müssen, so ganz ohne ihre Freunde – das einzig Gute ist, dass ihr unerträglicher Stiefvater sie dort nicht mehr nerven kann. Aber Zoey ist kein gewöhnlicher Vampyr – sie ist eine Auserwählte der Vampyrgöttin Nyx. Und sie ist nicht die Einzige im House of Night mit besonderen Fähigkeiten... House of Night hat bereits über 8 Millionen Fans in den USA und erscheint in über 41 Ländern. Die Verfilmung von House of Night ist bereits in Vorbereitung – und jetzt erscheint der erste Band der neuen Bestseller-Serie endlich auch auf Deutsch.

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