the creation evolution debate historical perspectives

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The Creation Evolution Debate

Author : Edward J. Larson
ISBN : 0820336548
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 47 MB
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Few issues besides evolution have so strained Americans' professed tradition of tolerance. Few historians besides Pulitzer Prize winner Edward J. Larson have so perceptively chronicled evolution's divisive presence on the American scene. This slim volume reviews the key aspects, current and historical, of the creation-evolution debate in the United States. Larson discusses such topics as the transatlantic response to Darwinism, the American controversy over teaching evolution in public schools, and the religious views of American scientists. He recalls the theological qualms about evolution held by some leading scientists of Darwin's time. He looks at the 2006 Dover, Pennsylvania, court decision on teaching Intelligent Design and other cases leading back to the landmark 1925 Scopes trial. Drawing on surveys that Larson conducted, he discusses attitudes of American scientists toward the existence of God and the afterlife. By looking at the changing motivations and backgrounds of the stakeholders in the creation-evolution debate--clergy, scientists, lawmakers, educators, and others--Larson promotes a more nuanced view of the question than most of us have. This is no incidental benefit for Larson's readers; it is one of the book's driving purposes. If we cede the debate to those who would frame it simplistically rather than embrace its complexity, warns Larson, we will not advance beyond the naive regard of organized religion as the enemy of intellectual freedom or the equally myopic myth of the scientist as courageous loner willing to die for the truth.

Evangelicals And Science In Historical Perspective

Author : David N. Livingstone
ISBN : 019535396X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 33. 31 MB
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In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, evangelicals often took their place among prominent practicing scientists, and their perspectives exerted a considerable impact on the development of modern western science. Over the last century, however, evangelical scientists have become less visible, even as the focus of evangelical engagement has shifted to political and cultural spheres. Evangelicals and Science in Historical Perspective offers the first wide-ranging survey of the history of the encounter between evangelical Protestantism and science. Comprising papers by leading historians of science and religion, this collection shows that the questions of science have been central to the history of evangelicalism in the United States, as well as in Britain and Canada. It will be an invaluable resource for understanding the historical context of contemporary political squabbles, such as the debate over the status of creation science and the teaching of evolution.

The Genesis Creation Narratives

Author : Ryan Michael Jackson
ISBN : OCLC:701733703
Genre : Bible
File Size : 58. 53 MB
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Ideas And Movements That Shaped America From The Bill Of Rights To Occupy Wall Street 3 Volumes

Author : Michael Green
ISBN : 9781610692526
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 95 MB
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America was founded on bold ideas and beliefs. This book examines the ideas and movements that shaped our nation, presenting thorough, accessible entries with sources that improve readers' understanding of the American experience. • Contains more than 200 entries from expert contributors on a wide variety of American ideas and movements, each accompanied by a relevant original document and helpful cross references • Covers ideas and movements across a broad sweep of U.S. history that enable readers to see recurring themes as well as how American thought has evolved • Presents U.S. history through a unique lens that enables students to better comprehend "the mindset of the American people," as opposed to the traditional study of history as a series of important events and people on a fixed timeline

Encyclopedia Of Science And Technology Communication

Author : Susanna Hornig Priest
ISBN : 9781452265780
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 61. 82 MB
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial In the academic world, the term "science communication" refers both to a set of professions (such as science journalism and public information work) and to an interdisciplinary scholarly research specialization. Much of this research is aimed at improving our understanding of the best ways to communicate complex information, especially to people who are not scientists. Science communication specialists are concerned with giving people useful information about health, environment, and technology – as well as science itself. In order to do this, we also need to improve our understanding of how people think, form opinions, and process information. Additionally, professional practitioners in science communication are engaged in strategic and ethical decisions every day, such as: How should reporters cover the issue of climate change? Should the views of scientists who do not believe that climate change has been caused by human activity be included alongside the views of those who do, in order to give a "balanced" story, or does this mislead the public into thinking that both of these positions are equally accepted within the scientific community? The Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication provides information on the entire range of interrelated issues in this interdisciplinary field in one place, along with clear suggestions on where to begin the search for more. Geared towards undergraduate and graduate students in journalism, communication, mass communication, and media studies, as well as towards working journalists, public information officers, and public relations specialists, this encyclopedia introduces this vast, fascinating field while challenging the reader to question assumptions inherent in communication across disciplinary boundaries. Key Themes Associations and Organizations Audiences, Opinions, and Effects Challenges, Issues, and Controversies Changing Awareness, Opinion, And Behavior Critical Influences and Events Global and International Aspects Government Agencies (US) History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science Important Figures Journal Publications Key Cases and Current Trends Law, Policy, Ethics, and Beliefs Major Infrastructural Initiatives Practices, Strategies, and Tools Professional Roles and Careers Public Engagement Approaches Theory and Research Venues and Channels

Meditations Of A Buddhist Skeptic

Author : B. Alan Wallace
ISBN : 9780231530323
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30. 78 MB
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A radical approach to studying the mind. Renowned Buddhist philosopher B. Alan Wallace reasserts the power of shamatha and vipashyana, traditional Buddhist meditations, to clarify the mind's role in the natural world. Raising profound questions about human nature, free will, and experience versus dogma, Wallace challenges the claim that consciousness is nothing more than an emergent property of the brain with little relation to universal events. Rather, he maintains that the observer is essential to measuring quantum systems and that mental phenomena (however conceived) influence brain function and behavior. Wallace embarks on a two-part mission: to restore human nature and to transcend it. He begins by explaining the value of skepticism in Buddhism and science and the difficulty of merging their experiential methods of inquiry. Yet Wallace also proves that Buddhist views on human nature and the possibility of free will liberate us from the metaphysical constraints of scientific materialism. He then explores the radical empiricism inspired by William James and applies it to Indian Buddhist philosophy's four schools and the Great Perfection school of Tibetan Buddhism. Since Buddhism begins with the assertion that ignorance lies at the root of all suffering and that the path to freedom is reached through knowledge, Buddhist practice can be viewed as a progression from agnosticism (not knowing) to gnosticism (knowing), acquired through the maintenance of exceptional mental health, mindfulness, and introspection. Wallace discusses these topics in detail, identifying similarities and differences between scientific and Buddhist understanding, and he concludes with an explanation of shamatha and vipashyana and their potential for realizing the full nature, origins, and potential of consciousness.

The Dome Of Eden

Author : Stephen H. Webb
ISBN : 9781630874223
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66. 66 MB
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What would biology look like if it took the problem of natural evil seriously? This book argues that biological descriptions of evolution are inherently moral, just as the biblical story of creation has biological implications. A complete account of evolution will therefore require theological input. The Dome of Eden does not try to harmonize evolution and creation. Harmonizers typically begin with Darwinism and then try to add just enough religion to make evolution more palatable, or they begin with Genesis and pry open the creation account just wide enough to let in a little bit of evolution. By contrast, Stephen Webb provides a theory of how evolution and theology fit together, and he argues that this kind of theory is required by the internal demands of both theology and biology. The Dome of Eden also develops a theological account of evolution that is distinct from the intelligent design movement. Webb shows how intelligent design properly discerns the inescapable dimension of purpose in nature but, like Darwinism itself, fails to make sense of the problem of natural evil. Finally, this book draws on the work of Karl Barth to advance a new reading of the Genesis narrative and the theology of Duns Scotus to provide the necessary metaphysical foundation for evolutionary thought.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 74 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Br Cken Bauen Naturwissenschaft Und Religion

Author : Ted Peters
ISBN : 3525569750
Genre : Religion
File Size : 72. 43 MB
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English summary: This book collects essays by theologians and scientists, Christian and non-Christian, from around the world to engage in dialogue. German description: Das Projekt Bruckenbauen zwischen Naturwissenschaft und Religion wird immer bedeutender in unserer stark wissenschaftlich orientierten, sich aber religiosen Fragen erneut offnenden Zeit. Die renommierten und international bekannten Beitrager aus Naturwissenschaft, Philosophie und Theologie treten hier in einen kritischen Dialog ein, der die vermeintliche Kluft zwischen Naturwissenschaft und Religion (Buddhismus, Hinduismus, Islam, Judentum, Christentum) zu schlieaen sucht. Neben pragmatischen Betrachtungen spielt dabei das Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Ethik und den von Genetik, Neurowissenschaft und Evolutionstheorie gestellten Herausforderungen eine zentrale Rolle.

Die Politik Der Gro En Zahlen

Author : Alain Desrosières
ISBN : 9783540270119
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 88 MB
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Statistik ("Staatenkunde"), Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und die Philosophie der Wahrscheinlichkeit sind auch als "siamesische Drillinge" bekannt. Das Buch analysiert den Werdegang der Statistik und zeigt Verbindungen zwischen der internalistischen Geschichte der Formalismen und Werkzeuge sowie der externalistisch orientierten Geschichte der Institutionen auf. Der Spannungsbogen erstreckt sich vom Vorabend der Französischen Revolution bis hin zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs, wobei Frankreich, Deutschland, England und die USA ausführlich behandelt werden. Was haben Richter und Astronomen gemeinsam? Wer waren die "politischen Arithmetiker"? Was ist ein "Durchschnittsmensch"? Wie ändert sich im Laufe der Zeit das, was man "Realismus" nennt? Kann man vom Teil auf das Ganze schließen? Und wenn ja, warum? Welche Rolle spielt der Franziskanerorden? Wir begegnen Adolphe Quetelet, Karl Pearson, Egon Pearson, Francis Galton, Emile Durkheim und vielen anderen. Glücksspiele, Zufall, Bayesscher Ansatz, das St. Petersburger Paradoxon, der Choleravibrio, Erblichkeit, das Galtonsche Brett, Taxonomie, Wahlprognosen, Arbeitslosigkeit und Ungleichheit, die Entstehung der Arten, die Ordnung der Dinge und die Dinge des Lebens – das sind die Themen des Buches.

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