the design and manufacture of medical devices woodhead publishing reviews mechanical engineering series

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The Design And Manufacture Of Medical Devices

Author : J Paulo Davim
ISBN : 9781908818188
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 99 MB
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Medical devices play an important role in the field of medical and health technology, and encompass a wide range of health care products. Directive 2007/47/EC defines a medical device as any instrument, apparatus, appliance, software, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application, intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings. The design and manufacture of medical devices brings together a range of articles and case studies dealing with medical device R&D. Chapters in the book cover materials used in medical implants, such as Titanium Oxide, polyurethane, and advanced polymers; devices for specific applications such as spinal and craniofacial implants, and other issues related to medical devices, such as precision machining and integrated telemedicine systems. Contains articles on a diverse range of subjects within the field, with internationally renowned specialists discussing each medical device Offers a practical approach to recent developments in the design and manufacture of medical devices Presents a topic that is the focus of research in many important universities and centres of research worldwide

Machining And Machine Tools

Author : J Paulo Davim
ISBN : 9780857092199
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 79 MB
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This book is the third in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series, and includes high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and case studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in machining and machine-tools. Machining and machine tools is an important subject with application in several industries. Parts manufactured by other processes often require further operations before the product is ready for application. Traditional machining is the broad term used to describe removal of material from a work piece, and covers chip formation operations including: turning, milling, drilling and grinding. Recently the industrial utilization of non-traditional machining processes such as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive water jet machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining) has increased. The performance characteristics of machine tools and the significant development of existing and new processes, and machines, are considered. Nowadays, in Europe, USA, Japan and countries with emerging economies machine tools is a sector with great technological evolution. Includes high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and cases studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in machining and machine-tools Considers the performance characteristics of machine tools and the significant development of existing and new processes and machines Contains subject matter which is significant for many important centres of research and universities worldwide

Durability And Reliability Of Medical Polymers

Author : Mike Jenkins
ISBN : 9780857096517
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 90 MB
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Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Design Of Clothing Manufacturing Processes

Author : Jelka Geršak
ISBN : 9780857097835
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 33 MB
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The era of mass manufacturing of clothing and other textile products is coming to an end; what is emerging is a post-industrial production system that is able to achieve the goal of mass-customised, low volume production, where the conventional borders between product design, production and user are beginning to merge. To continue developing knowledge on how to design better products and services, we need to design better clothing manufacturing processes grounded in science, technology, and management to help the clothing industry to compete more effectively. Design of clothing manufacturing processes reviews key issues in the design of more rapid, integrated and flexible clothing manufacturing processes. The eight chapters of the book provide a detailed coverage of the design of clothing manufacturing processes using a systematic approach to planning, scheduling and control. The book starts with an overview of standardised clothing classification systems and terminologies for individual clothing types. Chapter 2 explores the development of standardised sizing systems. Chapter 3 reviews the key issues in the development of a garment collection. Chapters 4 to 7 discuss particular aspects of clothing production, ranging from planning and organization to monitoring and control. Finally, chapter 8 provides an overview of common quality requirements for clothing textile materials. Design of clothing manufacturing processes is intended for R&D managers, researchers, technologists and designers throughout the clothing industry, as well as academic researchers in the field of clothing design, engineering and other aspects of clothing production. Considers in detail the design of sizing and classification systems Discusses the planning required in all aspects of clothing production from design and pattern making to manufacture Overviews the management of clothing production and material quality requirements

Engineering Textiles

Author : Y El Mogahzy
ISBN : 9781845695415
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 92 MB
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The need for manufacturers to make new products, diversify existing products and remain globally competitive is increasing. Engineering textiles: integrating the design and manufacture of textile products covers many aspects of product development and design conceptualization for both technical and traditional textiles. It also discusses several approaches to the fiber-to-fabric engineering of various textile products. Part one discusses fiber-to-fabric engineering in the context of product development and design of fiber-based products. Part two discusses the different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics suitable for the production of traditional and function-focused textiles. Chapters include key topics such as structure, characteristics and the design of textiles. Part three concludes with a discussion of the development of specific fibre applications, ranging from traditional textile products through to technical textiles such as transport and medical applications. Written by a highly distinguished author, this book is a pioneering guide to textile product design and development for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from engineers in all fields, including textiles, material, mechanical, electrical, civil, chemical, polymer and fiber engineers. It is also suitable for textile technologists, fiber scientists and for those involved in research and development of both traditional and new-generation textile products. Reviews aspects of product development and design conceptualisation for both technical and traditional textiles Analyses material selection including structure and characteristics of various fibres Examines the development of fibrous products for transportation, medical and protection applications

Biocompatibility And Performance Of Medical Devices

Author : Jean-Pierre Boutrand
ISBN : 9780857096456
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 88 MB
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Implant and device manufacturers are increasingly facing the challenge of proving that their products are safe and biocompatible, and that they will perform as expected. Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices provides an essential guide to the performance analysis of these vital devices. Part one introduces the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices, with consideration of biological safety evaluation planning and biomechanical and biochemical compatibility in innovative biomaterials. Part two goes on to discuss the evaluation and characterisation of biocompatibility in medical devices. Topics covered include material and chemical characterisation, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing and blood compatibility assessment. Testing and interpreting medical device performance is the focus of part three, with chapters describing preclinical performance studies for bone, dental and soft tissue implants, and mechanical testing of soft and hard tissue implants. Part four provides information on the regulation of medical devices in the European Union, Japan and China, and the book concludes with part five, a review of histopathology principles for biocompatibility and performance studies. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biocompatibility and performance of medical devices is a vital tool for all those involved in the research, design, production and application of medical devices, including research directors, production companies and medical regulatory agencies, as well as industry professionals and academics. Examines the key concepts and challenges faced in relation to biocompatibility in medical devices Discusses evaluation and characterisation issues, including material and chemical characterization, allowable limits for toxic leachables, in vivo and in vitro testing, and blood compatibility assessment Delivers a comprehensive overview of testing and interpreting medical device performance

Smart Polymers And Their Applications

Author : Maria Rosa Aguilar
ISBN : 9780857097026
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 15 MB
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Smart polymers are polymers that respond to different stimuli or changes in the environment. Smart Polymers and their Applications reviews the types, synthesis, properties, and applications of smart polymers. Chapters in part one focus on types of polymers, including temperature-, pH-, photo-, and enzyme-responsive polymers. Shape memory polymers, smart polymer hydrogels, and self-healing polymer systems are also explored. Part two highlights applications of smart polymers, including smart instructive polymer substrates for tissue engineering; smart polymer nanocarriers for drug delivery; the use of smart polymers in medical devices for minimally invasive surgery, diagnosis, and other applications; and smart polymers for bioseparation and other biotechnology applications. Further chapters discuss the use of smart polymers for textile and packaging applications, and for optical data storage. Smart Polymers and their Applications is a technical resource for chemists, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and other professionals in the polymer industry; manufacturers in such sectors as medical, automotive, and aerospace engineering; and academic researchers in polymer science. Reviews the different types of smart polymer, discussing their properties, structure, design, and characterization Reviews applications of smart polymers in such areas as biomedical engineering, textiles, and food packaging

Mems For Biomedical Applications

Author : Shekhar Bhansali
ISBN : 9780857096272
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 16 MB
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The application of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field is leading to a new generation of medical devices. MEMS for biomedical applications reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of this exciting technology. The book is divided into four parts: Part one introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms. Part two describes applications of MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications. MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy are investigated, along with ultrasonic transducers, and lab-on-chip devices. MEMS for tissue engineering and clinical applications are the focus of part three, which considers cell culture and tissue scaffolding devices, BioMEMS for drug delivery and minimally invasive medical procedures. Finally, part four reviews emerging biomedical applications of MEMS, from implantable neuroprobes and ocular implants to cellular microinjection and hybrid MEMS. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, MEMS for biomedical applications provides an authoritative review for scientists and manufacturers involved in the design and development of medical devices as well as clinicians using this important technology. Reviews the wealth of recent research on fabrication technologies and applications of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) in the biomedical field Introduces the fundamentals of MEMS for biomedical applications, exploring the microfabrication of polymers and reviewing sensor and actuator mechanisms Considers MEMS for biomedical sensing and diagnostic applications, along with MEMS for in vivo sensing and electrical impedance spectroscopy

Design And Manufacture Of Textile Composites

Author : A C Long
ISBN : 9781845690823
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 98 MB
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The term ‘textile composites’ is often used to describe a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. In Design and manufacture of textile composites, however, the term is used to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to three dimensional textiles. Whilst attention is given to modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods and subsequent component performance, it is substantially a practical book, intended to help all those developing new products with textile composites. Chapters on modelling include material models and data of use to both researchers and manufacturers, along with case studies for real components. Chapters on manufacturing describe both current processing technologies and emerging areas, and give practical processing guidelines. The last section contains a number of chapters covering applications from a broad range of areas, including transportation, sporting construction and medical applications. As well as illustrating typical components in each area, associated design methodologies and interactions between processing and performance are covered. Design and manufacture of textile composites is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, researchers in the fields of structural materials and technical textiles and textile manufacturers. It will also provide manufacturers of traditional textiles with new areas to investigate and potential markets. Covers a broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements Edited by a leading authority in the field with contributions from a worldwide team of authors

Microfluidic Devices For Biomedical Applications

Author : Xiujun James Li
ISBN : 9780857097040
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 27 MB
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Microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is an important technology suitable for numerous applications from drug delivery to tissue engineering. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of microfluidic technologies for biomedical applications with chapters focussing on the materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies. Chapters in part two examine applications in drug discovery and controlled-delivery including micro needles. Part three considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering. The final part of the book covers the applications of microfluidic devices in diagnostic sensing, including genetic analysis, low-cost bioassays, viral detection, and radio chemical synthesis. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications is an essential reference for medical device manufacturers, scientists and researchers concerned with microfluidics in the field of biomedical applications and life-science industries. Discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications Considers materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies Considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering

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