the design of mammals a scaling approach

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The Design Of Mammals

Author : John William Prothero
ISBN : 9781316369012
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 44 MB
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Despite an astonishing 100 million-fold range in adult body mass from bumblebee bat to blue whale, all mammals are formed of the same kinds of molecules, cells, tissues and organs and to the same overall body plan. A scaling approach investigates the principles of mammal design by examining the ways in which mammals of diverse size and taxonomy are quantitatively comparable. This book presents an extensive reanalysis of scaling data collected over a quarter of a century, including many rarely or never-cited sources. The result is an unparalleled contribution to understanding scaling in mammals, addressing a uniquely extensive range of mammal attributes and using substantially larger and more rigorously screened samples than in any prior works. An invaluable resource for all those interested in the 'design' of mammals, this is an ideal resource for postgraduates and researchers in a range of fields from comparative physiology to ecology.

Scaling Biodiversity

Author : David Storch
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131718376
Genre : Nature
File Size : 32. 50 MB
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Leading experts in ecology present new, innovative, views on quantitative patterns of biological diversity.

Scaling In Biology

Author : James H. Brown
ISBN : 9780195131420
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 96 MB
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Scaling relationships have been a persistent theme in biology at least since the time of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo. Because scaling relationships are among the most general empirical patterns in biology, they have stimulated research to develop mechanistic hypotheses and mathematical models. While there have been many excellent empirical and theoretical investigations, there has been little attempt to synthesize this diverse but interrelated area of biology. In an effort to fill this void, Scaling in Biology, the first general treatment of scaling in biology in over 15 years, covers a broad spectrum of the most relevant topics in a series of chapters written by experts in the field. Some of those topics discussed include allometry and fractal structure, branching of vascular systems of mammals and plants, biomechanical and life history of plants, invertebrates and vertebrates, and species-area patterns of biological diversity. Many more examples are included within this text to complete the broader picture. Scaling in Biology conveys the diversity, promise, and excitement of current research in this area, in a format accessible to a wide audience of not only specialists in the various sub-disciplines, but also students and anyone with a serious interest in biology.

Respiratory Physiology Of Newborn Mammals

Author : Jacopo P. Mortola
ISBN : 0801864976
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 46 MB
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Respiratory Physiology of Newborn Mammals: A Comparative Perspective emphasizes common trends among mammalian species in an effort to extract general rules about both the structure and the mechanisms of neonatal respiration. Jacopo P. Mortola outlines the key aspects of developmental respiratory physiology in the perinatal period. Based on what is learned from interspecies comparisons, Mortola addresses the question of how pulmonary ventilation fulfills the metabolic requirements of the newborn infant. Exceptions to the rules illuminate adaptations to particular tasks or conditions. Each chapter concludes with interspecies comparisons and clinical implications for the medically or zoologically oriented reader. The combination of developmental and comparative perspectives offers an original contribution to the field of developmental physiology. The book is divided into five chapters: "Gestation and Birth," Metabolic and Ventilatory Requirements," "Mechanical Behavior of the Respiratory Pump," "Reflex Control of the Breathing Pattern," and "Changes in Temperature and Respiratory Gases." It will be of value to researchers, clinicians, and students interested in developmental physiology, comparative biology, and zoology, as well as neonatalogists and pediatric pulmonologists who are interested in alternative perspectives on current clinical practice. -- W. Alan Hodson, M.D., University of Washington Medical Center

Treatise On Pulmonary Toxicology

Author : Richard A. Parent
ISBN : 1439805407
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 5 MB
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Comparative Biology of the Normal Lung is the first volume in a series entitled "A Comprehensive Treatise on Pulmonary Toxicology." The book is divided into four sections that deal with morphology and morphometry, respiratory physiology, biochemistry, and pulmonary defense. A special index lists and cross indexes all comparative data included in the text, which provides readers with easy access to a broad spectrum of pulmonary data for a number of different species. Over 50 internationally respected authors have contributed to this cutting -edge scientific study designed for all scientists concerned with the pulmonary system, including research scientists in medicine, veterinary medicine, zoology, and toxicology.

Landscape Ecology Of Small Mammals

Author : Gary W. Barrett
ISBN : 0387986464
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 41 MB
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A summary of much of the experimental work on the spatial ecology of small mammals. This field has entered an exciting stage with such new techniques as GIS and systems modeling becoming available. Leading contributors describe and analyze the most well-known case studies and provide new insights into how landscape patterns and processes have had an impact on small mammals and how small mammals have, in turn, affected landscape structure and composition.

Veterinary Pharmacology And Therapeutics

Author : Jim E. Riviere
ISBN : 9780813820613
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 28 MB
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'Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics' has been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded to meet the needs of today's veterinarians, veterinary students, and animal health researchers.

Metabolic Ecology

Author : Richard M. Sibly
ISBN : 9780470671535
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 29 MB
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"Explains the new metabolic theory of ecology, puts it into context, and shows how it can be used to answer contemporary problems"--Provided by publisher.

Engineering Design Of The Cardiovascular System Of Mammals

Author : Thomas H. Dawson
ISBN : UOM:39015019836652
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 97 MB
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Ecological And Environmental Physiology Of Mammals

Author : Philip C. Withers
ISBN : 9780199642717
Genre :
File Size : 46. 9 MB
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Mammals are the so-called "pinnacle" group of vertebrates, successfully colonising virtually all terrestrial environments as well as the air (bats) and sea (especially pinnipeds and cetaceans). How mammals function and survive in these diverse environments has long fascinated mammologists, comparative physiologists and ecologists. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Mammals explores the physiological mechanisms and evolutionary necessities that have made the spectacular adaptation of mammals possible. It summarises our current knowledge of the complex and sophisticated physiological approaches that mammals have for survival in a wide variety of ecological and environmental contexts: terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic. The authors have a strong comparative and quantitative focus in their broad approach to exploring mammal ecophysiology. As with other books in the Ecological and Environmental Physiology Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of mammals, their adaptations to extreme environments, and current experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered. This accessible text is suitable for graduate level students and researchers in the fields of mammalian comparative physiology and physiological ecology, including specialist courses in mammal ecology. It will also be of value and use to the many professional mammologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.

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