the economic vote how political and economic institutions condition election results political economy of institutions and decisions

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The Economic Vote

Author : Raymond M. Duch
ISBN : 9781139470629
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 19 MB
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This book proposes a selection model for explaining cross-national variation in economic voting: Rational voters condition the economic vote on whether incumbents are responsible for economic outcomes, because this is the optimal way to identify and elect competent economic managers under conditions of uncertainty. This model explores how political and economic institutions alter the quality of the signal that the previous economy provides about the competence of candidates. The rational economic voter is also attentive to strategic cues regarding the responsibility of parties for economic outcomes and their electoral competitiveness. Theoretical propositions are derived, linking variation in economic and political institutions to variability in economic voting. The authors demonstrate that there is economic voting, and that it varies significantly across political contexts. The data consist of 165 election studies conducted in 19 different countries over a 20-year time period.

Economic Analysis Of Property Rights

Author : Yoram Barzel
ISBN : 0521597137
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70. 78 MB
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This study offers a unified theoretical structure to analyze exchange, formation of economic rights, and organization. The cost of measuring accurately all assets' attributes is prohibitive. Therefore, rights are never fully delineated and others (using theft, adverse selection, free riding, and shirking) may appropriate one's assets. The central question is how people allocate resources and organize their activities to maximize the value of their rights. The approach emphasizes nonmarket constraints, but is also applicable to market economies. It is useful for analyzing allocations within organizations as well as allocation by voting and charity. Chapters have been extended for this second edition and a new chapter devoted to the firm has been added.

Voter Turnout

Author : Meredith Rolfe
ISBN : 9781107015418
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72. 54 MB
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Combines positive political theory, social network research and computational modeling, explaining why some people are more likely to vote than others.

Institutions And Ethnic Politics In Africa

Author : Daniel N. Posner
ISBN : 9781316582978
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 16 MB
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This book presents a theory to account for why and when politics revolves around one axis of social cleavage instead of another. It does so by examining the case of Zambia, where people identify themselves either as members of one of the country's seventy-three tribes or as members of one of its four principal language groups. The book accounts for the conditions under which Zambian political competition revolves around tribal differences and under which it revolves around language group differences. Drawing on a simple model of identity choice, it shows that the answer depends on whether the country operates under single-party or multi-party rule. During periods of single-party rule, tribal identities serve as the axis of electoral mobilization and self-identification; during periods of multi-party rule, broader language group identities play this role. The book thus demonstrates how formal institutional rules determine the kinds of social cleavages that matter in politics.

Globalization And Mass Politics

Author : Timothy Hellwig
ISBN : 9781107075078
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 72 MB
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Analyzes how increases in international trade, finance, and production have altered voter decisions, political party positions, and the issues that parties focus on in postindustrial democracies.

Delegating Powers

Author : David Epstein
ISBN : 052166960X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 18 MB
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In this path-breaking book, David Epstein and Sharyn O'Halloran produce the first unified theory of policy making between the legislative and executive branches. Examining major US policy initiatives from 1947 to 1992, the authors describe the conditions under which the legislature narrowly constrains executive discretion, and when it delegates authority to the bureaucracy. In doing so, the authors synthesize diverse and competitive literatures, from transaction cost and principal-agent theory in economics, to information models developed in both economics and political science, to substantive and theoretical work on legislative organization and on bureaucratic discretion.

The Dilemma Of The Commoners

Author : Tine De Moor
ISBN : 9781107022164
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20. 18 MB
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This book puts the debate on commons, commoners, and the disappearance of both throughout early modern and modern western Europe in a new light, through new approaches and innovative methodologies. Tine De Moor links the historical debate about the long-term evolution of commons to the present-day debates on common-pool resources.

Votes Without Leverage

Author : Anna L. Harvey
ISBN : 0521597439
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88. 27 MB
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This book explains why the increasing importance of women's votes throughout the 1920s did not imply increasing success for the lobbying efforts of women's organisations.

Partisan Bonds

Author : Jeffrey D. Grynaviski
ISBN : 9781139485005
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 2 MB
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Political scientists have long painted American voters' dependence on partisan cues at the ballot box as a discouraging consequence of their overall ignorance about politics. Taking on this conventional wisdom, Jeffrey D. Grynaviski advances the provocative theory that voters instead rely on these cues because party brand names provide credible information about how politicians are likely to act in office, despite the weakness of formal party organization in the United States. Among the important empirical implications of his theory, which he carefully supports with rigorous data analysis, are that voter uncertainty about a party's issue positions varies with the level of party unity it exhibits in government, that party preferences in the electorate are strongest among the most certain voters, and that party brand names have meaningful consequences for the electoral strategies of party leaders and individual candidates for office.

Why Governments And Parties Manipulate Elections

Author : Alberto Simpser
ISBN : 9781107311329
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 86 MB
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Why do parties and governments cheat in elections they cannot lose? This book documents the widespread use of blatant and excessive manipulation of elections and explains what drives this practice. Alberto Simpser shows that, in many instances, elections are about more than winning. Electoral manipulation is not only a tool used to gain votes, but also a means of transmitting or distorting information. This manipulation conveys an image of strength, shaping the behavior of citizens, bureaucrats, politicians, parties, unions and businesspeople to the benefit of the manipulators, increasing the scope for the manipulators to pursue their goals while in government and mitigating future challenges to their hold on power. Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections provides a general theory about what drives electoral manipulation and empirically documents global patterns of manipulation.

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