the emergence of organizations and markets

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The Emergence Of Organizations And Markets

Author : John F. Padgett
ISBN : 9780691148878
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 28 MB
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The social sciences have sophisticated models of choice and equilibrium but little understanding of the emergence of novelty. Where do new alternatives, new organizational forms, and new types of people come from? Combining biochemical insights about the origin of life with innovative and historically oriented social network analyses, John Padgett and Walter Powell develop a theory about the emergence of organizational, market, and biographical novelty from the coevolution of multiple social networks. In the short run, they argue, actors make relations, but in the long run, they argue, actors make actors. Organizational novelty arises from spillover across intertwined networks, which tips reproducing biographical and production flows. This theory is developed through formal deductive modeling and through a wide range of careful and original historical case studies, ranging from early capitalism and state formation, to the transformation of communism, to the emergence of contemporary biotechnology and Silicon Vally. -- from back cover.

Self Reinforcing Processes In And Among Organizations

Author : J. Sydow
ISBN : 9780230392830
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33. 89 MB
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Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.

The Logic Of Organizational Disorder

Author : Massimo Warglien
ISBN : 9783110871814
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38. 2 MB
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The Cultural Matrix

Author : Orlando Patterson
ISBN : 9780674967304
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 57 MB
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The Cultural Matrix seeks to unravel an American paradox: the socioeconomic crisis and social isolation of disadvantaged black youth, on the one hand, and their extraordinary integration and prominence in popular culture on the other. This interdisciplinary work explains how a complex matrix of cultures influences black youth.

Institutions And Entrepreneurship

Author : Wesley D. Sine
ISBN : 9780857242402
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 38 MB
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Examines how the institutional environment affects entrepreneurial organizations, and vice-versa.

Rethinking Organization

Author : Michael Reed Michael Hughes
ISBN : 1446235726
Genre :
File Size : 43. 80 MB
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Over the past two decades, organization studies has become increasingly pluralistic, with a series of highly charged debates across intellectual divides'. It is these debates and their consequences for the current position and future development of organization studies that Rethinking Organization addresses. The first section reviews and evaluates the most significant theoretical developments of the last two decades, focusing in particular on the various ways in which organization' has been conceptualized as the basis for organizational analyses. The second section examines a range of issues related to the major transformations in organizational forms currently occurring throughout advanced industrial societies. Final contributions outline a range of emergent new perspectives which not only present challenges both to the old' and new' orthodoxies of the field but also herald important new directions for its future development.

Organizations Markets And Imperial Formations

Author : Subhabrata Bobby Banerjee
ISBN : 9781848447226
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75. 88 MB
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This edited collection is an extraordinarily welcome text for those of us teaching international management in the US while observing with dismay the lack of critical awareness about the rest of the world in extant disciplinary scholarship. Rather than giving us the view from the rest , the collection advances a temporal and spatial relational approach to understanding globalization and compels its audience to bridge the gap between the west and the rest by bringing to visibility the cultural and material encounters co-constructing them. In this context, the various contributions deconstruct international management as market-based activity, exposing its mode of existence within complex power relations networks extending over time and space. Marta B. Calás, University of Massachusetts, US Organizations, Markets and Imperial Formations offers a set of innovative critiques of contemporary economic globalization. A major theme of the book is that our imperialist histories have resulted in a globalization process that replicates exploitative colonialist patterns. Chapter authors provide insights on a variety of subjects, including a critique of mainstream international management textbooks and the simplistic toolkits they offer to managers; an analysis of how a universalistic view of capitalism and economic organization results in exploitative patterns of resource appropriation; and documentation of the negative consequences of globalization, specifically, patterns of inequality and class segregation. Alison M. Konrad, University of Western Ontario, Canada This authoritative book explores the nexus between organization theory, globalization and imperialism and examines the effects of a global order organized around development and markets. The authors explore how interconnections between organization theory and the global political economy have led to the perpetuation of inequality and active reconfigurations of life, labour and the economy. They contend that cultural ethnocentrism and Western ideologies of development continue to inform the field of organizational studies and offer an alternate mode of theorizing. Through theoretical and empirical reflections, the authors produce a patchwork quilt of innovatively critical approaches to globalization. Graduate students, academics and scholars in the fields of management and organizational sciences, as well as postcolonial, development and globalization studies will find this book of particular interest. It is also an invaluable read for international management and strategy scholars, including those focused on multinational operations in the Third World.

The Sage Handbook Of Service Dominant Logic

Author : Stephen L. Vargo
ISBN : 9781526455482
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33. 9 MB
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Service-Dominant Logic presents a major paradigm shift in thinking about value creation and markets, moving from a ‘goods/product’ logic to a logic that treats the process of service provision as the basis of all exchange, both commercial and social. This timely Handbook brings together chapters written by a stellar cast of expert authors from around the globe, arranged around eleven core themes, to provide a comprehensive overview of key issues, developments, debates and potential future directions for this dynamic field of study: Part 1: Introduction and Background Part 2: Value Cocreation Part 3: Service Exchange Part 4: Service Ecosystems Part 5: Institutions and Institutional Arrangements Part 6: Resources and Resource Integration Part 7: Actors and Practices Part 8: Innovation Part 9: Midrange Theory Part 10: Selected Applications Part 11: Reflections and Prospects ?This Handbook is an essential reference text for scholars, students, consultants and advanced practitioners across a wide range of business & management practices and academic disciplines.

Division Of Labor Variability Coordination And The Theory Of Firms And Markets

Author : A. Camacho
ISBN : 9789401586580
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 71 MB
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A new approach to explaining the existence of firms and markets, focusing on variability and coordination. It stands in contrast to the emphasis on transaction costs, and on monitoring and incentive structures, which are prominent in most of the modern literature in this field. This approach, called the variability approach, allows us to: show why both the need for communication and the coordination costs increase when the division of labor increases; explain why, while the firm relies on direction, the market does not; rigorously formulate the optimum divisionalization problem; better understand the relationship between technology and organization; show why the `size' of the firm is limited; and to refine the analysis of whether the existence of a sharable input, or the presence of an external effect leads to the emergence of a firm. The book provides a wealth of insights for students and professionals in economics, business, law and organization.

Communicating Organizational Change

Author : Donald P. Cushman
ISBN : 0791424960
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 84 MB
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This book is a practical and theoretical discussion of how to effectively communicate organizational change to management, employees, stockholders, and customers.

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