the first triumvirate of rome julius caesar marcus licinius crassus gnaeus pompey magnus and the fall of the roman republic

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The Roman Republic A Very Short Introduction

Author : David M. Gwynn
ISBN : 9780191642357
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 34 MB
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The rise and fall of the Roman Republic occupies a special place in the history of Western civilization. From humble beginnings on the seven hills beside the Tiber, the city of Rome grew to dominate the ancient Mediterranean. Led by her senatorial aristocracy, Republican armies defeated Carthage and the successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great, and brought the surrounding peoples to east and west into the Roman sphere. Yet the triumph of the Republic was also its tragedy. In this Very Short Introduction, David M. Gwynn provides a fascinating introduction to the history of the Roman Republic and its literary and material sources, bringing to life the culture and society of Republican Rome and its ongoing significance within our modern world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.


Author : Robert T. Radford
ISBN : 9042014679
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 41 MB
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This book presents Cicero's natural law theory, including valuable definitions of the state, the ideal state, the ideal ruler, and the laws for the ideal state. Explanations are offered of the Greek sources of Cicero's republican philosophy, his influence on the Principate of Augustus, and his role in the development of modern political philosophy. As all the ages of the world have not produced a greater statesman and philosopher united than Cicero, his authority should have great weight (John Adams, 1787).

Christ And The Caesars

Author : Bauer ; Translators:Brunar&Marchant
ISBN : 9781503542358
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 80 MB
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Nearly thirty years after Bruno Bauer published his 1877 book, Christus und die Caesaren...(Christ and the Caesars...), Albert Schweitzer left the Lutheran ministry in his native Alsace-Lorraine to study medicine in Paris (1905 at age 30). In 1911 he earned a Doctorate in Medicine and two years later (1913) he and his wife set off to establish a hospital in Lambarene, now Gabon, West Central Africa. He had given chapter eleven of his 1906 book (Geschichte der Leben-Jesu-Forschung; English: The Quest of the Historical Jesus) the title "Bruno Bauer." In that chapter, Dr. Schweitzer had concluded with this statement: "...his [Bruno Bauer's] the ablest and most complete collection of the difficulties of the Life of Jesus which is anywhere to be found...The shaft which he had driven into the mountain...laid bare once more the veins of ore which he had struck...for his contemporaries he was a mere eccentric...But his eccentricity concealed a penetrating insight. No one else had as yet grasped with the same completeness the idea that primitive Christianity and early Christianity were not merely the direct outcome of the preachings of Jesus, not merely a teaching put into practice, but more, much more, since to the experience of which Jesus was the subject there allied itself [with] the experience of the world-soul at a time when its body-humanity under the Roman Empire-lay in the throes of death...Bauer transferred it to the historical plane and found the 'body of Christ' in the Roman Empire," The Quest of the Historical Jesus, translated by W. Montgomery, B.A., B.D. (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1911), second English edition, pp. 159-160, with a Preface by, F. C. Burkitt, M.A., D.D. What, according to Albert Schweitzer, were the "...bare...veins of ore..." that Bruno Bauer had struck about Jesus' history (and the New Testament)? Chances are that it can be found in the last chapter (VIII) of Christ and the Caesars (Bloomington IN: Xlibris, 2015): Chapter VIII The Completion of New Testament Literature A Great History and a Late Work of Fiction "We have now seen unfold, in a series of images, the fate of imperial rule, nationalities and social classes during the first two centuries of our calendar. As diverse as the figures were who acted before our eyes, they were still just shells hiding one and the same fact. If on the one hand already at that time the friends of tradition saw the removal of the citizens from their political and national efforts only as a violent act of the new Lord of the world, so we also recognized on the other hand in imperial rule the consequence and image of an emancipation of minds from their limited daily tasks, and a political form that corresponded with the ideal of a world community during that time. Personal freedom within the newly opened world-wide coherence was the heartfelt wish of that discredited time, which, in the history books since the days of Tacitus, has been decried as decayed and lost. The immaterial goods which Greece had produced in a similar time of political decline filled the political void; in Rome and Alexandria they united around the center of the Jewish Law, and Seneca gave the new associations the leader in the image of the one who would perfect mankind and who was eventually able to join in battle with the powerful ruler in Rome," Christ and the Caesars, pp. 365-6. Indeed, critics of Bruno Bauer and Albert Schweitzer assert that Bruno Bauer failed to prove there was no first century Jesus Christ. At such a point of confrontation, logicians, like Bruno Bauer and Albert Schweitzer, would be correct in asking the question: Explain, dear critic, just what is the proposed necessary method to prove anegative? And Bruno Bauer had made it clear that those who wrote and completed the New Testament literature written "A Great History and a Late..." (written way too many years after the alleged life of Christ for the story to be of any historical value at all) "...Work of Fiction."

A Global Chronology Of Conflict From The Ancient World To The Modern Middle East 6 Volumes

Author : Spencer C. Tucker
ISBN : 9781851096725
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 50 MB
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This monumental six-volume resource offers engaging entries of major diplomatic, military, and political events driving world conflicts from ancient times to the present. • Hundreds of concise, chronologically organized entries on major wars, battles, political events, weapons technologies, and diplomatic initiatives • Essays at roughly 50-year intervals analyzing each era's defining developments in the evolution of warfare, including changes in tactics, weapons, and other technologies • Sidebars highlighting hundreds of key individuals in the history of military conflict as well as important developments in weapon systems • A comprehensive glossary of military terms to help readers understand the language of warfare and weapons • A rich illustration program of images, drawings, and maps

Zeus And Ra Digital Space Bible Edition 4 Part 2

Author : Brandon Robertson
ISBN : 9781304041340
Genre :
File Size : 28. 55 MB
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Warfare In The Roman Republic From The Etruscan Wars To The Battle Of Actium

Author : Lee L. Brice
ISBN : 9781610692991
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 16 MB
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This easy-to-use reference book covers the most important people, places, events, and technologies of Roman warfare during the republic (400–31 BCE), providing a wealth of reference material and invaluable primary source documents. • Connects the constant change of the Roman Army adapting to new enemies and demands to the ongoing political and social changes in Rome itself • Provides an easy-to-use, ready reference on Roman warfare during the Republic based on the most recent research • Includes primary source documents that provide valuable information and encourage readers to apply their critical thinking skills • Offers multiple topic finders that make it easy for readers to find the information they are looking for and follow connections within the material

Western Civilization A Global And Comparative Approach To 1715 Volume I

Author : Kenneth C Campbell
ISBN : 9781317452270
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 61 MB
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Featuring the one author, one voice approach, this text is ideal for instructors who do not wish to neglect the importance of non-Western perspectives on the study of the past. The book is a brief, affordable presentation providing a coherent examination of the past from ancient times to the present. Religion, everyday life, and transforming moments are the three themes employed to help make the past interesting, intelligible, and relevant to contemporary society.

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