the forest of the lacandon maya an ethnobotanical guide

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The Forest Of The Lacandon Maya

Author : Suzanne Cook
ISBN : 9781461491118
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 84 MB
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The Forest of the Lacandon Maya: An Ethnobotanical Guide, with active links to audio-video recordings, serves as a comprehensive guide to the botanical heritage of the northern Lacandones. Numbering fewer than 300 men, women, and children, this community is the most culturally conservative of the Mayan groups. Protected by their hostile environment, over many centuries they maintain autonomy from the outside forces of church and state, while they continue to draw on the forest for spiritual inspiration and sustenance. In The Forest of the Lacandon Maya: An Ethnobotanical Guide, linguist Suzanne Cook presents a bilingual Lacandon-English ethnobotanical guide to more than 450 plants in a tripartite organization: a botanical inventory in which main entries are headed by Lacandon names followed by common English and botanical names, and which includes plant descriptions and uses; an ethnographic inventory, which expands the descriptions given in the botanical inventory, providing the socio-historical, dietary, mythological, and spiritual significance of most plants; and chapters that discuss the relevant cultural applications of the plants in more detail provide a description of the area’s geography, and give an ethnographic overview of the Lacandones. Active links throughout the text to original audio-video recordings demonstrate the use and preparation of the most significant plants.

The Beast Between

Author : Matthew G. Looper
ISBN : 9781477318072
Genre : Art
File Size : 28. 78 MB
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The white-tailed deer had a prominent status in Maya civilization; it was the most important wild-animal food source at many inland Maya sites and also functioned as a major ceremonial symbol. Offering an in-depth semantic analysis of this imagery, The Beast Between considers iconography, hieroglyphic texts, mythological discourses, and ritual narratives to translate the significance and meaning of the vibrant metaphors expressed in a variety of artifacts depicting deer and hunting. Charting the progression of deer as a key component of the Maya diet, especially for elites, to the coupling of deer and maize in the Maya worldview, The Beast Between reveals a close and long-term interdependence. Not only are deer depicted naturalistically in hunting and ritual scenes, but they are also ascribed with human attributes. This rich imagery reflects the many ways in which deer hunting was linked to status, sexuality, and war as part of a deeper process to ensure the regeneration of both agriculture and ancestry. Drawing on methodologies of art history, archaeology, and ethnology, this illuminating work is poised to become a key resource for multiple fields.

Substance And Seduction

Author : Stacey Schwartzkopf
ISBN : 9781477313879
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 43 MB
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Chocolate and sugar, alcohol and tobacco, peyote and hallucinogenic mushrooms—these seductive substances have been a nexus of desire for both pleasure and profit in Mesoamerica since colonial times. But how did these substances seduce? And when and how did they come to be desired and then demanded, even by those who had never encountered them before? The contributors to this volume explore these questions across a range of times, places, and peoples to discover how the individual pleasures of consumption were shaped by social, cultural, economic, and political forces. Focusing on ingestible substances as a group, which has not been done before in the scholarly literature, the chapters in Substance and Seduction trace three key links between colonization and commodification. First, as substances that were taken into the bodies of both colonizers and colonized, these foods and drugs participated in unexpected connections among sites of production and consumption; racial and ethnic categories; and free, forced, and enslaved labor regimes. Second, as commodities developed in the long transition from mercantile to modern capitalism, each substance in some way drew its enduring power from its ability to seduce: to stimulate bodies; to alter minds; to mark class, social, and ethnic boundaries; and to generate wealth. Finally, as objects of scholarly inquiry, each substance rewards interdisciplinary approaches that balance the considerations of pleasure and profit, materiality and morality, and culture and political economy.

Selected Guidelines For Ethnobotanical Research

Author : Miguel N. Alexiades
ISBN : UOM:49015002949619
Genre : Nature
File Size : 67. 21 MB
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This invaluable guide provides readers with information on & protocol for conducting ethnobotanical research & collecting plant specimens. Also included are examples of quantitative methods in ethnobotanical fieldwork. Three appendices complete this volume.

Advances In Economic Botany

Author :
ISBN : 0893274046
Genre : Botany, Economic
File Size : 34. 68 MB
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This invaluable guide provides readers with information on & protocol for conducting ethnobotanical research & collecting plant specimens. Also included are examples of quantitative methods in ethnobotanical fieldwork. Three appendices complete this volume.

Journal Of Ecological Anthropology

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000092612963
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 47. 42 MB
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Author : Virginia Dimasuay Nazarea
ISBN : UOM:39015045973537
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 96 MB
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The re-emerging field of ethnoecology offers a promising way to document and analyze human-environment interactions. This collection brings the discipline into sharp focus, conveying local understandings of environments and proposing a way of looking at the relationship between humans and the natural world that emphasizes the importance of cognition in shaping behavior. Case studies by international experts explore the varied views of scholars on the human dimension of conversation and the different views of local peoples regarding their own environments. Filled with peoples' voices from North and South America, Africa, and Asia, these cases cover a range of issues: natural resource conservation and sustainable development, the relationship between local knowledge and biodiversity, the role of the commons in development, and the importance of diversity and equity in environmental management. As the only volume to address the status of this increasingly multidisciplinary field—especially as it relates to the differential power of multiple stakeholders—Ethnoecology: Situated Knowledge/Located Lives is intended for a wide range of specialists not only in social and natural sciences but also in agricultural studies. It conveys the overriding importance of this powerful methodological approach in providing insiders' perspectives on their environment and how they manage it. CONTENTS 1. Introduction. A View from a Point: Ethnoecology as Situated Knowledge, Virginia D. Nazarea 2. The Value of Subsistence for the Future of the World, Eugene S. Hunn 3. Practical and Religious Meanings of the Navajo Hogan, Lillie Lane 4. The Agronomy of Memory and the Memory of Agronomy: Ritual Conservation of Archaic Cultigens in Contemporary Farming Systems, Michael R. Dove 5. Ethnoecology Serving the Community: A Case Study from Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico, Richard I. Ford 6. Lenses and Latitudes in Landscapes and Lifescapes, Virginia D. Nazarea 7. Cultural Landscapes and Biodiversity: The Ethnoecology of an Upper R¡o Grande Watershed Commons, Devon G. Peña 8. Conserving Folk Crop Varieties: Different Agricultures, Different Goals, Daniela Soleri and Steven E. Smith 9. Plant Constituents and the Nutrition and Health of Indigenous Peoples, Timothy Johns 10. Sustainable Production and Harvest of Medicinal and Aromatic Herbs in the Sierras de C¢rdoba Region, Argentina, Marta Lagrotteria and James M. Affolter 11. Managing the Maya Commons: The Value of Local Knowledge, Scott Atran 12. Safeguarding Traditional Resource Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Darrell A. Posey 13. A Practical Primer on Intellectual Property Rights in a Contemporary Ethnoecological Context, David J. Stephenson, Jr. 14. Toward Compensation: Returning Benefits from Ethnobotanical Drug Discovery to Native Peoples, Katy Moran 15. Am I My Brother's Keeper?, Christine S. Kabuye 16. Epilogue. Quo Vadis? The Promise of Ethnoecology, Robert E. Rhoades and Jack Harlan

The National Geographic

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X006107284
Genre : Geography
File Size : 72. 12 MB
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Ecosystems And Nature

Author : R. Kerry Turner
ISBN : 1858987938
Genre : Nature
File Size : 39. 15 MB
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Ecosystems and Nature brings together the work of leading authorities in biodiversity research. It provides readers with a broad interdisciplinary perspective on the major issues in biodiversity, including economics, natural science, management and ethics. the collection is divided into four main sections: part I introduces some fundamental scientific and socio-economic concepts and analysis in order to illustrate the complexities involved in the human-ecosystems interface; part II deals with the valuation of ecosystems with special emphasis on the main biomes, faults, wetlands, marine systems, grasslands and agriculture; part III covers the problem of value appropriation and the relevant constraints and available policy instruments; the final section focuses on the difficult ethical issues that surround utilisation and conservation of biodiversity.

National Geographic

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021785790
Genre : Geography
File Size : 76. 10 MB
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