the founding of new societies studies in the history of the united states latin america south africa canada and australia

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The Founding Of New Societies

Author : Louis Hartz
ISBN : 9780547971094
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 18 MB
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Hartz elaborates his widly discussed "fragment theory" of new societies and projects some of its implications for the modern age.

Die Usa Im 20 Jahrhundert

Author : Willi Paul Adams
ISBN : 9783486701111
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 56 MB
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Die USA waren bereits um 1900 die größte Nationalwirtschaft und seit dem Sieg im Seekrieg gegen Spanien 1898 eine der imperialen Weltmächte. Willi Paul Adams skizziert die Entwicklung der amerikanischen Gesellschaft durch das Jahrhundert in fünf chronologisch definierten Kapiteln. Er behandelt die Größe und Zusammensetzung der Bevölkerung, die von 75 auf 265 Millionen anstieg; den Aufstieg, Fall (1929-39) und Wiederaufstieg der in Friedenszeiten kaum regulierten Kapitalmarktwirtschaft; die Schwankungen im außenpolitischen und militärischen Engagement in Lateinamerika, Asien und Europa, das im ökonomischen Sieg in der ideologischen und militärischen Konfrontation mit der Sowjetunion gipfelte; und die Stärken und Schwächen der amerikanischen Form der präsidentiellen Demokratie. Auch Zeugnisse des im Verlauf des Jahrhunderts erstarkenden Bewusstseins einer nationalen amerikanischen kulturellen Identität werden ausblickartig erfasst. Es wird klar, dass die USA trotz eigener gesellschaftlicher Probleme seit 1914 immer mehr militärischen, wirtschaftlichen und schließlich auch kulturellen Einfluss insbesondere auf Europa gewannen. Wegen der engen Verflechtung auch in umgekehrter Richtung durch Handel, Migration, gemeinsame politische Werte etc. muss die nationalgeschichtliche Betrachtung um vergleichende und globale Ausblicke ergänzt werden. Dann zeigt sich z.B., dass die USA im Jahr 2000 nicht der allmächtige Hegemon sind, sondern die potenzielle Führungsmacht, die auf die Kooperation anderer Großmächte angewiesen ist. Die Bibliografie enthält auch Internetadressen, über die man auf Jahre hinaus Fachliteratur und Quellenmaterial zur Geschichte der USA finden kann.

The Development Of Managerial Culture

Author : Arthur J. Wolak
ISBN : 9781137475633
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32. 10 MB
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The Development of Managerial Culture examines the differences in underlying values and cultural distinctions in managerial cultures in Australia and Canada. It offers commentary on differences in attitudes to managerial culture and industrial relations through a comparison of national character development to provide context and insight for readers

Liberal Democracies And The Torture Of Their Citizens

Author : Cynthia Banham
ISBN : 9781509906826
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 53 MB
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This book analyses and compares how the USA's liberal allies responded to the use of torture against their citizens after 9/11. Did they resist, tolerate or support the Bush Administration's policies concerning the mistreatment of detainees when their own citizens were implicated and what were the reasons for their actions? Australia, the UK and Canada are liberal democracies sharing similar political cultures, values and alliances with America; yet they behaved differently when their citizens, caught up in the War on Terror, were tortured. How states responded to citizens' human rights claims and predicaments was shaped, in part, by demands for accountability placed on the executive government by domestic actors. This book argues that civil society actors, in particular, were influenced by nuanced differences in their national political and legal contexts that enabled or constrained human rights activism. It maps the conditions under which individuals and groups were more or less likely to become engaged when fellow citizens were tortured, focusing on national rights culture, the domestic legal and political human rights framework, and political opportunities.

Colonial Legacies

Author : Jeremy Adelman
ISBN : 9781136052545
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 2 MB
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More than other Atlantic societies, Latin America is shackled to its past. This collection is an exploration of the binding historical legacies--the making of slavery, patrimonial absolutist states, backward agriculture and the imprint of the Enlightenment--with which Latin America continues to grapple. Leading writers and scholars reflect on how this heritage emerged from colonial institutions and how historians have tackled these legacies over the years, suggesting that these deep encumbrances are why the region has failed to live up to liberal-capitalist expectations. They also invite discussion about the political, economic and cultural heritages of Atlantic colonialism through the idea that persistence is a powerful organizing framework for understanding particular kinds of historical processes.

Canadian Politics Sixth Edition

Author : James Bickerton
ISBN : 9781442607057
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73. 60 MB
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The sixth edition of Canadian Politics offers a comprehensive introduction to Canadian government and politics by a highly respected group of political scientists. For this edition, the editors have organized the book into six parts. Part I examines Canadian citizenship and political identities, while Parts II and III deal with Canadian political institutions, including Aboriginal governments, and contain new chapters on the public service and Quebec. Parts IV and V shift the focus to the political process, discussing issues pertaining to culture and values, parties and elections, media, groups, movements, gender, and diversity. The chapters on Parliament, bureaucracy, political culture, political communications, social movements, and media are new to this edition. Finally, three chapters in the last section of the book analyze components of Canadian politics that have been gaining prominence during the last decade: the effects of globalization, the shifting ground of Canadian-American relations, and the place of Canada in the changing world order. Of the 21 chapters in this edition, 9 are new and the remainder have been thoroughly revised and updated.

Canadian Parties In Transition Third Edition

Author : Alain G. Gagnon
ISBN : 9781442608498
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 23 MB
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Alain-G. Gagnon and A. Brian Tanguay continue the work of earlier editions of Canadian Parties in Transition by presenting a multi-faceted image of party dynamics, electoral behaviour, political marketing, and representative democracy, with chapters written by an outstanding team of political scientists. Innovative features of the third edition include an examination of party alignments and the mobilization of interests, a discussion of democratic participation, and a critical exploration of direct democracy through referendums and other mechanisms. The comparative literature on party politics is brought in systematically to provide a better account of Canadian party politics. The greater part of this volume consists of entirely new chapters; others have been completely revised and updated. An appendix that provides Canadian federal election results from 1925 to 2006 rounds out the book.

The Racial Contract

Author : Charles W. Mills
ISBN : 9780801471346
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 88. 97 MB
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The Racial Contract puts classic Western social contract theory, deadpan, to extraordinary radical use. With a sweeping look at the European expansionism and racism of the last five hundred years, Charles W. Mills demonstrates how this peculiar and unacknowledged "contract" has shaped a system of global European domination: how it brings into existence "whites" and "non-whites," full persons and sub-persons, how it influences white moral theory and moral psychology; and how this system is imposed on non-whites through ideological conditioning and violence. The Racial Contract argues that the society we live in is a continuing white supremacist state. Holding up a mirror to mainstream philosophy, this provocative book explains the evolving outline of the racial contract from the time of the New World conquest and subsequent colonialism to the written slavery contract, to the "separate but equal" system of segregation in the twentieth-century United States. According to Mills, the contract has provided the theoretical architecture justifying an entire history of European atrocity against non-whites, from David Hume's and Immanuel Kant's claims that blacks had inferior cognitive power, to the Holocaust, to the kind of imperialism in Asia that was demonstrated by the Vietnam War. Mills suggests that the ghettoization of philosophical work on race is no accident. This work challenges the assumption that mainstream theory is itself raceless. Just as feminist theory has revealed orthodox political philosophy's invisible white male bias, Mills's explication of the racial contract exposes its racial underpinnings.

Canadian Founding

Author : Janet Ajzenstat
ISBN : 9780773580411
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 81 MB
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Convinced that rights are inalienable and that legitimate government requires the consent of the governed, the Fathers of Confederation - whether liberal or conservative - looked to the European enlightenment and John Locke. Janet Ajzenstat analyzes the legislative debates in the colonial parliaments and the Constitution Act (1867) in a provocative reinterpretation of Canadian political history from 1864 to 1873. Ajzenstat contends that the debt to Locke is most evident in the debates on the making of Canada's Parliament: though the anti-confederates maintained that the existing provincial parliaments offered superior protection for individual rights, the confederates insisted that the union's general legislature, the Parliament of Canada, would prove equal to the task and that the promise of "life and liberty" would bring the scattered populations of British North America together as a free nation.

Conservatism In Canada

Author : James Harold Farney
ISBN : 9781442666320
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 77 MB
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With the electoral success of the Harper Conservatives federally and of a number of conservative parties provincially, the topic of Canadian conservatism is more important to our understanding of Canadian party politics than ever before. This timely volume presents the first comprehensive examination of Canadian conservatism in a generation – a period during which its nature has changed substantially. Conservatism in Canada explores the ideological character of contemporary Canadian conservatism, its support in the electorate, its impact on public policies such as immigration and foreign policy, and its articulation at both federal and provincial levels. The essays include comparisons with other countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, as well as specific examinations of conservatism in Ontario, Alberta, and Quebec. Featuring contributions by both established and new scholars in the fields of political science and public policy, this volume makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the changing nature of Canadian conservatism and its broader implications for the future of this country.

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