the heretic in darwin s court the life of alfred russel wallace

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The Heretic In Darwin S Court

Author : Ross A. Slotten
ISBN : 0231130112
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 58. 28 MB
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During their lifetimes, Wallace and Darwin shared credit and fame for the independent and near-simultaneous discovery of natural selection. Their rivalry, usually amicable but occasionally acrimonious, forged modern evolutionary theory. Yet today, few people today know much about Wallace. This book explores the controversial life and scientific contributions of the Victorian traveler, scientist and spiritualist. His twelve years of often harrowing travels in the western and eastern tropics place him in the pantheon of the greatest explorer-naturalists of the nineteenth century. Tracing his discovery of natural selection, the book then follows the remaining fifty years of Wallace's eccentric and entertaining life. In addition to his divergence from Darwin on two fundamental issues--sexual selection and the origin of the human mind--he pursued topics that most scientific figures of his day conspicuously avoided, including spiritualism, phrenology, mesmerism, environmentalism, and life on Mars.--From publisher description.

Alfred Russel Wallace

Author : Michael A. Flannery
ISBN : 0979014190
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 23. 44 MB
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For years Alfred Russel Wallace was little more than an obscure adjunct to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Remembered only for prompting Darwin to write On the Origin of Species in 1859 by writing his own letter proposing a theory of natural selection, Wallace was rightly dubbed by one biographer “the forgotten naturalist.” In 1998 Sahotra Sarkar bemoaned Wallace's “lapse into obscurity,” noting that "at least in the 19th century literature, the theory of evolution was usually referred to as 'the Darwin and Wallace theory'. In the 20th century, the theory of evolution has become virtually synonymous with Darwinism or neo-Darwinism.” While the complaint still has a ring of truth, a decade of recent interest in Wallace has done much to bring him back from history's crypt of forgotten figures. This shouldn't suggest unanimity of opinion, however. Some regard him as a heretic, others as merely a misguided scientist-turned-spiritualist, still others as a prescient figure anticipating the modern Gaia hypothesis. Perhaps Martin Fichman's phrase hits closest and most persistently to the truth—“the elusive Victorian.” Can the real Wallace be found? If so, what might we learn in that rediscovery? The provocative thesis of this new biography is that Wallace, in developing his unique brand of evolution, presaged modern intelligent design theory. Wallace's devotion to discovering the truths of nature brought him through a lifetime of research to see genuine design in the natural world. This was Wallace's ultimate heresy, a heresy that exposed the metaphysical underpinnings of the emerging Darwinian paradigm.

Infinite Tropics

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : 1859844782
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66. 11 MB
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Culled from his books, articles and letters, this collection comprises Wallace s best and most important writing.

In Darwin S Shadow

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 0198033818
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 25 MB
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Virtually unknown today, Alfred Russel Wallace was the co-discoverer of natural selection with Charles Darwin and an eminent scientist who stood out among his Victorian peers as a man of formidable mind and equally outsized personality. Now Michael Shermer rescues Wallace from the shadow of Darwin in this landmark biography. Here we see Wallace as perhaps the greatest naturalist of his age--spending years in remote jungles, collecting astounding quantities of specimens, writing thoughtfully and with bemused detachment at his reception in places where no white man had ever gone. Here, too, is his supple and forceful intelligence at work, grappling with such arcane problems as the bright coloration of caterpillars, or shaping his 1858 paper on natural selection that prompted Darwin to publish (with Wallace) the first paper outlining the theory of evolution. Shermer also shows that Wallace's self-trained intellect, while powerful, also embraced surprisingly naive ideas, such as his deep interest in the study of spiritual manifestations and seances. Shermer shows that the same iconoclastic outlook that led him to overturn scientific orthodoxy as he worked in relative isolation also led him to embrace irrational beliefs, and thus tarnish his reputation. As author of Why People Believe Weird Things and founding publisher of Skeptic magazine, Shermer is an authority on why people embrace the irrational. Now he turns his keen judgment and incisive analysis to Wallace's life and his contradictory beliefs, restoring a leading figure in the rise of modern science to his rightful place.

Dispelling The Darkness

Author : John van Wyhe
ISBN : 9789814458825
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 98 MB
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“The facts of variability, of the struggle for existence, of adaptation to conditions, were notorious enough; but none of us had suspected that the road to the heart of the species problem lay through them, until Darwin and Wallace dispelled the darkness.”T H Huxley (1887) Darwin is one of the most famous scientists in history. But he was not alone. Comparatively forgotten, Wallace independently discovered evolution by natural selection in Southeast Asia. This book is based on the most thorough research ever conducted on Wallace's voyage. Closely connected, but worlds apart, Darwin and Wallace's stories hold many surprises. Did Darwin really keep his theory a secret for twenty years? Did he plagiarise Wallace? Were their theories really the same? How did Wallace hit on the solution, and on which island? This book reveals for the first time the true story of Darwin, Wallace and the discovery that would change our understanding of life on Earth forever. Sample Chapter(s) Introduction (247 KB) Chapter 1: Great Expectations (6,496 KB) Contents:IntroductionGreat ExpectationsEmpires of SteamSingaporeMalacca and BorneoTesting the WatersCrossing the LineIn Search of ParadiseStruggle and SpiceThe Longest DayDarwin's DelayCrossing BackCounting Up Readership: Student, professional, general public. Keywords:Evolution;Natural Selection;Biology;Biography;Alfred Russel Wallace;Charles Darwin;History of Science;Malay ArchipelagoKey Features:The book provides a thorough revision of Wallace in Southeast Asia and his discoveries. Numerous current understandings of Wallace are shown to be mythsThe book reveals the details of Wallace's steamer trip to AsiaHis Singapore stay is revealed for the first time — with many surprising new detailsHis famous Sarawak law paper is shown to be radically different from existing interpretationsIt includes a previously unknown component of his theorising — Wallace's deep lawThe book solves the mystery of what led to Wallace's eureka moment of discovering natural selectionThe book solves the long-standing mystery of whether he discovered evolution on Ternate or GiloloThe book is the first to show what Wallace's original evolution theory really was — it was rather different from Darwin's. This settles the old debate about the differences between the theories of Wallace and DarwinThe book solves the old mystery of when Wallace sent his theory to Darwin — and WHY he did not send it straight for publicationThe book corrects scores of dates and names never given or given wrong by WallaceReviews: “The story of Wallace will never be the same again. John van Wyhe has delved deeply into archives and brings Wallace's travels wonderfully back to life by discovering new facts about his voyage and theories. Without downplaying the impact of Darwin, van Wyhe's book reveals Wallace as a great evolutionary thinker in his own right, who truly deserves to be considered in context.” Janet Browne Aramont Professor of the History of Science Harvard University “This book greatly advances our knowledge of Wallace by correcting a plethora of misleading myths, by reconstructing Wallace's travels, experiences and reflections with authoritative precision, interpretive sophistication, archival documentation and by insightful clarifications of Wallace and Darwin's interactions, divergences and convergences. The overall result is a major scholarly contribution to the intellectual and social history of Wallacean science and of Darwinian science in their original, distinctive cultural contexts.” Jonathan Hodge Honorary Fellow, History and Philosophy of Science University of Leeds “The first published notebook of Wallace's travel to the Malay Archipelago is a long-awaited addition to all the biographies and studies, as they offer the unique insight into the development of Wallace's thinking during his long journey. John van Wyhe makes extensive use of Wallace's notes, but only in their totality they make an impact and give way to emergence of Wallace's personality in many sides.” Thomas Weber Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung “Van Wyhe is not guilty of any such bias against Wallace and in fact deserves these reviewers' thanks for elucidating for the first time exactly how these two fascinating men discovered the way life on Earth evolves.” Gordon Chancellor, author of The Dispersal of Darwin “The book has marvelous illustrations of the flora and fauna observed by Wallace, as well as other images of the period, and is ideal for historian as well as naturalists.” CHOICE “This book is certainly one of the best resources for documenting Wallace's time in the Malay archipelago, as well as giving a good and balanced overview of his life. It also achieves what the author sets out to do: putting the record straight.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

Letters And Reminiscences

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : 1507604955
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 15 MB
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"Letters and Reminiscences Volume II", by Alfred Russel Wallace. Alfred Russel Wallace was a British naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist and biologist (1890-1913).

Alfred Russel Wallace

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : 9780199683994
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 55 MB
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Presents the letters of the great Victorian naturalist who, while on his journey in the Malay Archipelago, derived the theory of evolution independent of Darwin.

Archipelago

Author : Gavan Daws
ISBN : 0520215761
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 70 MB
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From the 19th-century discoveries of Alfred Russell Wallace to the fate of forests and reefs in the 21st century, examine the beauty and grace of Indonesian Islands. 211 color illustrations. Maps, photos & line drawings.

An Elusive Victorian

Author : Martin Fichman
ISBN : 0226246159
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 10 MB
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Codiscoverer of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace should be recognized as one of the titans of Victorian science. Instead he has long been relegated to a secondary place behind Darwin. Worse, many scholars have overlooked or even mocked his significant contributions to other aspects of Victorian culture. With An Elusive Victorian, Martin Fichman provides the first comprehensive analytical study of Wallace's life and controversial intellectual career. Fichman examines not only Wallace's scientific work as an evolutionary theorist and field naturalist but also his philosophical concerns, his involvement with theism, and his commitment to land nationalization and other sociopolitical reforms such as women's rights. As Fichman shows, Wallace worked throughout his life to integrate these humanistic and scientific interests. His goal: the development of an evolutionary cosmology, a unified vision of humanity's place in nature and society that he hoped would ensure the dignity of all individuals. To reveal the many aspects of this compelling figure, Fichman not only reexamines Wallace's published works, but also probes the contents of his lesser known writings, unpublished correspondence, and copious annotations in books from his personal library. Rather than consider Wallace's science as distinct from his sociopolitical commitments, An Elusive Victorian assumes a mutually beneficial relationship between the two, one which shaped Wallace into one of the most memorable characters of his time. Fully situating Wallace's wide-ranging work in its historical and cultural context, Fichman's innovative and insightful account will interest historians of science, religion, and Victorian culture as well as biologists.

My Life

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : IND:30000007204203
Genre : Naturalists
File Size : 80. 97 MB
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