the infinite gift how children learn and unlearn the languages of the world

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The Infinite Gift

Author : Charles Yang
ISBN : 074329338X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43. 98 MB
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A child's very first word is a miraculous sound, the opening note in a lifelong symphony. Most parents never forget the moment. But that first word is soon followed by a second and a third, and by the age of three, children are typically learning ten new words every day and speaking in complete sentences. The process seems effortless, and for children, it is. But how exactly does it happen? How do children learn language? And why is it so much harder to do later in life? Drawing on cutting-edge developments in biology, neurology, psychology, and linguistics, Charles Yang's The Infinite Gift takes us inside the astonishingly complex but largely subconscious process by which children learn to talk and to understand the spoken word. Yang illuminates the rich mysteries of language: why French newborns already prefer the sound of French to English; why baby-talk, though often unintelligible, makes perfect linguistic sense; why babies born deaf still babble -- but with their hands; why the grammars of some languages may be evolutionarily stronger than others; and why one of the brain's earliest achievements may in fact be its most complex. Yang also puts forth an exciting new theory. Building on Noam Chomsky's notion of a universal grammar -- the idea that every human being is born with an intuitive grasp of grammar -- Yang argues that we learn our native languages in part by unlearning the grammars of all the rest. This means that the next time you hear a child make a grammatical mistake, it may not be a mistake at all; his or her grammar may be perfectly correct in Chinese or Navajo or ancient Greek. This is the brain's way of testing its options as it searches for the local and thus correct grammar -- and then discards all the wrong ones. And we humans, Yang shows, are not the only creatures who learn this way. In fact, learning by unlearning may be an ancient evolutionary mechanism that runs throughout the animal kingdom. Thus, babies learn to talk in much the same way that birds learn to sing. Enlivened by Yang's experiences with his own young son, The Infinite Gift is as charming as it is challenging, as thoughtful as it is thought-provoking. An absorbing read for parents, educators, and anyone who has ever wondered about the origins of that uniquely human gift: our ability to speak and, just as miraculous, to understand one another.

Bilingual Development And Literacy Learning

Author : Norbert FRANCIS
ISBN : 9789629372057
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 37 MB
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A major part of this book is devoted to the presentation of a series of proposals for collaborative research with investigators working in East Asia on cross-writing system comparisons and bilingual literacy - comparing alphabetic and morpho-syllabic literacy.

Language And The African American Child

Author : Lisa J. Green
ISBN : 9781139495028
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57. 16 MB
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How do children acquire African American English? How do they develop the specific language patterns of their communities? Drawing on spontaneous speech samples and data from structured elicitation tasks, this book explains the developmental trends in the children's language. It examines topics such as the development of tense/aspect marking, negation and question formation, and addresses the link between intonational patterns and meaning. Lisa Green shows the impact that community input has on children's development of variation in the production of certain constructions such as possessive -s, third person singular verbal -s, and forms of copula and auxiliary be. She discusses the implications that the linguistic description has for practical applications, such as developing instructional materials for children in the early stages of their education.

Creating Language

Author : Morten H. Christiansen
ISBN : 9780262034319
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40. 11 MB
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A work that reveals the profound links between the evolution, acquisition, and processing of language, and proposes a new integrative framework for the language sciences.

A Mind For Language

Author : Harry Van Der Hulst
ISBN : 0757549888
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57. 67 MB
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Public Library Core Collection

Author : John Greenfieldt
ISBN : 0824210948
Genre : Public libraries
File Size : 46. 90 MB
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Proceedings Of The 33rd Annual Boston University Conference On Language Development

Author : Jane Chandlee
ISBN : 1574730940
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28. 88 MB
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Meaning In The Second Language

Author : Roumyana Slabakova
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122584043
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90. 42 MB
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The book examines which linguistic properties are hard and which are easy to acquire when learning a second language. The Bottleneck Hypothesis is proposed, which states that inflectional morphemes and their features present the most formidable challenge to learners, while syntax and phrasal semantics pose less difficulty. The numerous empirical studies reviewed in the book indicate that there is no critical period for acquisition of meaning. The findings suggest that an enhanced focus on practicing grammar in language classrooms will be beneficial to learners.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066180418
Genre : American literature
File Size : 83. 80 MB
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Thinking Linguistically

Author : Maya Honda
ISBN : UOM:39015073866637
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87. 13 MB
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Developed for introductory courses on linguistics and language acquisition, this book enables students to understand the reasoning and methodology behind questions of linguistics. It integrates problem sets into the text in order to guide students through the formulation and evaluation of hypotheses on the basis of linguistic data.

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