the interception of vessels on the high seas contemporary challenges to the legal order of the oceans studies in international law

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The Interception Of Vessels On The High Seas

Author : Efthymios Papastavridis
ISBN : 9781782250852
Genre : Law
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The principal aim of this book is to address the international legal questions arising from the 'right of visit on the high seas' in the twenty-first century. This right is considered the most significant exception to the fundamental principle of the freedom of the high seas (the freedom, in peacetime, to remain free of interference by ships of another flag). It is this freedom that has been challenged by a recent significant increase in interceptions to counter the threats of international terrorism and WMD proliferation, or to suppress transnational organised crime at sea, particularly the trafficking of narcotics and smuggling of migrants. The author questions whether the principle of non-interference has been so significantly curtailed as to have lost its relevance in the contemporary legal order of the oceans. The book begins with an historical and theoretical examination of the framework underlying interception. This historical survey informs the remainder of the work, which then looks at the legal framework of the right of visit, contemporary challenges to the traditional right, interference on the high seas for the maintenance of international peace and security, interferences to maintain the 'bon usage' of the oceans (navigation and fishing), piracy j'ure gentium'and current counter-piracy operations off the coast of Somalia, the problems posed by illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, interdiction operations to counter drug and people trafficking, and recent interception operations in the Mediterranean Sea organised by FRONTEX.

The Reception Of Asylum Seekers Under International Law

Author : Lieneke Slingenberg
ISBN : 9781782253235
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 72 MB
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Increasingly, European states are using policy on the reception of asylum seekers as an instrument of immigration control, eg by deterring the lodging of asylum applications, preventing integration into their societies and exercising a large degree of control over asylum seekers in order to facilitate expulsion. The European Union is currently engaged in a process of developing minimum conditions for the reception of asylum seekers, as part of a Common European Asylum System. This book critically examines the outcomes of the negotiation process on these minimum standards ? Directive 2003/9/EC and Directive 2013/33/EU ? in relation to international refugee law, international social security law and international human rights law. It presents a comprehensive analysis of state obligations that stem from these different fields of law with regard to asylum seekers' access to the labour market and social security benefits and compares them to the minimum standards developed in the European Union. To this end, it offers an in-depth study into the notion of non-discrimination on the basis of nationality in the field of social security and a detailed analysis of recent developments in the case law of the European Court on Human Rights on positive obligations in the socioeconomic sphere. It takes into account both the special characteristics of international legal obligations for states in the socioeconomic sphere and the legal consequences of the tentative legal status of asylum seekers. In addition, this book particularly examines how the instrumental use of social policy relates to international law.

International Law For Common Goods

Author : Federico Lenzerini
ISBN : 9781782254706
Genre : Law
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International law has long been dominated by the State. But it has become apparent that this bias is unrealistic and untenable in the contemporary world as the rise of the notion of common goods challenges this dominance. These common goods ? typically values (like human rights, rule of law, etc) or common domains (the environment, cultural heritage, space, etc) ? speak to an emergent international community beyond the society of States and the attendant rights and obligations of non-State actors. This book details how three key areas of international law ? human rights, culture and the environment ? are pushing the boundaries in this field. Each category is of current and ongoing significance in legal and public discourse, as illustrated by the Syrian conflict (human rights and international humanitarian law), the destruction of mausoleums and manuscripts in Mali (cultural heritage), and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (the environment). Each exemplifies the need to move beyond a State-focused idea of international law. This timely volume explores how the idea of common goods, in which rights and obligations extend to individuals, groups and the international community, offers one such avenue and reflects on its transformative impact on international law.

International Law And Child Soldiers

Author : Gus Waschefort
ISBN : 9781782254331
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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This book commences with an analysis of the current state of child soldiering internationally. Thereafter the proscriptive content of contemporary norms on the prohibition of the use and recruitment of child soldiers is evaluated, so as to determine whether these norms are capable of better enforcement. An 'issues-based' approach is adopted, in terms of which no specific regime of law, such as international humanitarian law (IHL), is deemed dominant. Instead, universal and regional human rights law, international criminal law and IHL are assessed cumulatively, so as to create a mutually reinforcing web of protection. Ultimately, it is argued that the effective implementation of child soldier prohibitive norms does not require major changes to any entity or functionary engaged in such prevention; rather, it requires the constant reassessment and refinement of all such entities and functionaries, and here, some changes are suggested. International judicial, quasi-judicial and non-judicial entities and functionaries most relevant to child soldier prevention are critically assessed. Ultimately the conclusions reached are assessed in light of a case study on the use and recruitment of child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Die Dritthaftung Von Klassifikationsgesellschaften

Author : Jürgen Basedow
ISBN : 3161484398
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 60 MB
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English summary: Classification societies establish and apply technical standards in relation to the design, construction and supervision of ships. Their principal contracting partners are ship builders and ship owners. Increasingly, classification societies are being faced with damage claims initiated by members of the shipping industry with whom they have not established a contractual relationship. Under German law but in a comparative perspective, Jurgen Basedow and Wolfgang Wurmnest examine such third party claims. They focus in particular on how such claims are affected by limitation of liability clauses agreed upon between the classification society and its contracting partners. German description: Klassifikationsgesellschaften sind die technischen Uberwachungsorganisationen der Seeschiffahrt. In jungerer Zeit sind sie verstarkt Anspruchen Dritter ausgesetzt, mit denen sie keine Vertragsbeziehungen unterhalten. Diese Tendenz ist weltweit zu beobachten, wie aktuelle Falle vor englischen, neuseelandischen und US-amerikanischen Gerichten belegen. Dritte versuchen sich vor allem im Anschluss an Schiffskatastrophen, aber auch im Zuge von Schiffsverkaufen, an einer Klassifikationsgesellschaft schadlos zu halten. Jurgen Basedow und Wolfgang Wurmnest untersuchen, welche Anspruche solchen Dritten nach deutschem Recht gegen eine Klassifikationsgesellschaft zustehen und welche Bedeutung hierbei Haftungsbeschrankungen zukommt, die eine Klassifikationsgesellschaft mit ihren Vertragspartnern vereinbart. Somit steht die privatrechtliche Haftung von Klassifikationsgesellschaften im Mittelpunkt dieses Buches; ihre Haftung fur hoheitliches Handeln wird nur am Rande gestreift. Die Autoren arbeiten die Problematik rechtsvergleichend auf und beziehen dabei das australische, englische, franzosische, neuseelandische und US-amerikanische Recht ein. Die von ihnen vertretene Losung steht im Einklang mit dem fein austarierten System der Haftungsverteilung und -beschrankung des internationalen Seerechts, welches massgeblich durch volkerrechtliche Ubereinkommen gepragt wird.

Fl Chtlingsschutz

Author : Kate Janstram
ISBN : OCLC:179738307
Genre :
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Der Feind Aller

Author : Daniel Heller-Roazen
ISBN : 9783104007274
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 61 MB
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Lange bevor es eine Charta der Menschenrechte und humanitäre Organisationen gab, definierten die Römer den Piraten als »Feind aller«, da ihm nicht mit dem üblichen Recht beizukommen war: Er ist kein Bürger eines Staates, er bewegt sich auf offener See, die niemandem gehört und wo keine Gesetze gelten, man kann nicht mit ihm verhandeln und er ist nicht mit einem Krieg zu besiegen. Bis heute stellt er eine immense Herausforderung an das Recht und die Politik dar. In seiner brillanten Studie zeichnet Daniel Heller-Roazen die Genealogie dieser Herausforderung von der Antike bis heute nach. Mit leichter, eleganter Hand beschreibt er, wie und warum der Pirat aus allen territorialen, politischen, kriegerischen und rechtlichen Kategorien herausfällt und wie er zu der zentralen zeitgenössischen Figur hat werden können, als die wir ihn heute erleben.

Civitas Maxima

Author : Georg Schwarzenberger
ISBN : IND:32000004634988
Genre : International law
File Size : 50. 48 MB
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Maritime Sicherheit

Author : Sebastian Bruns
ISBN : 9783531190686
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60. 56 MB
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Die Analysen des vorliegenden Bandes bieten zahlreiche Perspektiven auf das relativ neue Politikfeld "Maritime Sicherheit" und schließen eine bestehende Forschungslücke in Deutschland. Im ersten Kapitel werden theoretische Analysemodelle zur maritimen Sicherheit diskutiert. Anschließend nähern sich die Autorinnen und Autoren dem maritimen Raum wobei sie der wirtschaftlichen, rechtlichen und geostrategischen Dimension nachgehen. Der dritte Abschnitt legt den Schwerpunkt auf transnationale Herausforderungen, die maritime Unsicherheit bedingen: organisierte Kriminalität, Piraterie, Terrorismus, Wettlauf um Ressourcen, Umwelt- und Klimaveränderungen. Im vierten Teil des Buches werden schließlich ausgewählte Akteure, ihre Strategien, Kapazitäten und Probleme im Umgang mit maritimer (Un-) Sicherheit betrachtet. Neben den „Permanent 5“ des UN-Sicherheitsrats - den USA, Großbritannien, Russland, China und Frankreich - stehen dabei auch die Bundesrepublik Deutschland sowie die EU und die NATO im Fokus.

Die Vielk Pfige Hydra

Author : Peter Linebaugh
ISBN : 3935936656
Genre :
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