the law of subsidies under the gatt wto system

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The Law Of Subsidies Under The Gatt Wto System

Author : Marc Benitah
ISBN : 9789041198273
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 19 MB
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This work on the law of subsidies has been long-awaited by many actors in international trade. With its introduction of the concept of 'attenuation' of entitlement, Marc Benitah's utterly new analysis alters our understanding of the international economic law of subsidies - and its future invocation and jurisprudence - forever. The issue of subsidies is arguably the predominant theme, at this moment, in international economic law, and a consistent approach to the legal treatment of subsidies is urgently needed. In Professor Benitah's view, the answer lies in the recognition that entitlements granted to a party seeking to defend itself against the `adverse effects' of subsidies must be `attenuated' in order to avoid undesirable economic and social consequences. In the various techniques of attenuation - thoroughly described and analyzed in this book - may be found the unifying thread on which a logical, coherent law of subsidies may be strung. Why techniques of attenuation are intimately linked to the birth of past and future legal disputes relating to subsidies Why significant techniques of attenuation (e.g. taking into account the positive impact of a subsidy on consumers) have not arisen in the GATT/WTO context Why much recent theoretical debate on the concept of 'distortion' has not led to a breakthrough in the law of subsidies Why attenuations favouring developing countries are surprisingly legally vulnerable in practice Why deliberate recourse to techniques of attenuation necessitates their continuing clarification through a case law process. By referring to the legal materials of both the GATT 1947 and the WTO systems at each point in his demonstration, Professor Benitah lays a substantial groundwork for determining innovative WTO norms.

Die Vereinbarkeit Von Strompreisbindungen Zugunsten Erneuerbarer Energien Mit Wto Recht

Author : Ivan Zlatanov
ISBN : 3631586272
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 54 MB
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Die Arbeit untersucht, ob das System der staatlichen Mindestpreisfestsetzung, verbunden mit einem Abnahmezwang fur die privaten Netzbetreiber und Stromversorgungsunternehmen zugunsten der Erzeuger erneuerbarer Energien, mit WTO/GATT-Recht ubereinstimmt, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf der Prufung der Subventionsvorschriften liegt. Da sich die gesetzlichen Preisstutzungssysteme im Einzelnen voneinander unterscheiden, wird hier nur die Kernstruktur des Preismodells, das allen Regelungsinstrumenten in den einzelnen Staaten zugrunde liegt und gemeinsam ist, auf Vereinbarkeit mit WTO/GATT-Recht uberpruft."

Fisheries Subsidies Under International Law

Author : Chen-Ju Chen
ISBN : 3642156932
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 50 MB
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Subsidies to fisheries have been in existence for centuries. However, these remained outside the spotlight of the international community until the turn of this century when the negative effects that fisheries subsidies have on international trade, the environment and sustainable development became increasingly clear. As a result the Doha Round Negotiations set the parameters for an effective fisheries subsidies regime. WTO Members thus embarked in intensive negotiations with the collaboration of various international organizations. These negotiations culminated with publication of the legal text of the Chairman of the Negotiating Group on Rules in 2007 which reflects to a large extent the mandates of the Ministerial Conferences and reconciles the diverse interests of the negotiators. The EU as a major WTO Member and with its own Common Fisheries Policy which has been in effect for a number of years can serve as the basis for comparison and improvement of the proposed regulations.


Author : Peter-Tobias Stoll
ISBN : 9789004144965
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 32 MB
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This book describes the institutional system the basic principles and the vast variety of rules of the World Trade Organization. It aims at clarifying the structure and the general concepts, in order to enable the reader to get a better understanding of the issues at stake in many of the discussions and controversies on world trade.

Grain Subsidies In Ukraine

Author : Kataryna Zelenska
ISBN : 9789004353695
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51. 36 MB
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Grain Subsidies in Ukraine is the first attempt to examine impact of international trade law on Ukrainian policies in the cereals sector. The author focuses on the role of WTO law and the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement in force since 2016.


Author : Rüdiger Wolfrum
ISBN : 9789004145658
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 10 MB
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In the decade since the establishment of the WTO, the great majority of disputes between member states resolved and decided through the dispute settlement system of the WTO arose in the field of trade remedies law, a fact which clearly shows the high demand by the trade community for the rule of law in this area. Responsive to such needs, the fourth volume encompasses the whole range of trade remedies regulation under the auspices of the WTO in the respective articles of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the related multilateral agreements on trade in goods, i.e., Articles VI, XII, XIX GATT 1994; the Understanding on the Balance-of-Payments; the Agreement on Implementation of Article VI GATT 1994 (Anti-Dumping Agreement); the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Duties; and the Agreement on Safeguards. Leading practitioners and scholars have gathered to provide an invaluable insight and easy access to the law on trade remedies in an article-by-article commentary approach. As such, it will be an essential work not only for trade remedies practitioners but to persons interested in trade remedies be they scholars, academics, international and domestic lawyers, political scientists and economists, or NGO representatives.

Normative Conditions To Make Wto Law More Responsive To The Needs Of Developing Countries

Author : Philipp Scheuermann
ISBN : 9783831609758
Genre : Doha Development Agenda
File Size : 86. 51 MB
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Wisconsin International Law Journal

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B5128329
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 50 MB
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Trade Remedies And Non Market Economies Economic Implications Of The First Us Countervailing Duty Case On China

Author : Yan Wang
Genre :
File Size : 74. 41 MB
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In 2007, the United States Department of Commerce altered a 23-year old policy of not applying the countervailing duty law to non-market economies, and initiated eight countervailing and antidumping duty investigations on Chinese imports. The change brings heated debate on trade remedy policies and issues of non-market economies. This study focuses on the first countervailing duty case on imported coated free sheet paper from China and analyzes the implications of this test case for United States-China bilateral trade, and industrial policies in transitioning market economies. The paper also provides a brief review of the economics of subsidies, World Trade Organization rules on subsides and countervailing measures, and United States countervailing duty laws applied to non-market economies. While recently acceded countries should review their domestic development policies from the perspective of economic efficiency and comply with the World Trade Organization rules, it is also important to further clarify the issues of non-market economies under the multilateral trading system, and pay keen attention to the rules negotiations in the current World Trade Organization Doha Development Round.

Journal Of World Trade

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063254291
Genre : Commerce
File Size : 90. 4 MB
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