the little ice age how climate made history 1300 1850

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The Little Ice Age

Author : Brian M. Fagan
ISBN : 1439560919
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 19 MB
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A new perspective on familiar events in history describes how a 500-year change in climate that lasted from A.D. 1300 until 1850 shaped modern European history.

The Decline Of Nature

Author : Gilbert F. LaFreniere
ISBN : 9781933146515
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 93 MB
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“No book could be more timely then The Decline of Nature. LaFreniere offers an in-depth analysis of the fundamental issues that must be faced if solutions for environmental crisis are to be found. His arguments are a refreshing alternative to the superficial policy proposals of politicians and the glib reporting of the mass media. — The Decline of Nature is a masterful critique of the stories that own us. LaFreniere's analytical effort is a veritable tour de force.” From the Foreword by Professor Max Oelschlaeger, Northern Arizona University “The virtue of his book is threefold: it ingeniously connects the latest findings of environmental science to the broad stream of cultural history; exposes the flaws inherent in western attitudes about nature, especially the destructive, providential "idea of nature; and revives the much neglected field of speculative philosophy of history” From an appreciation by Professor Klaus Fischer, author of “Oswald Spengler and the Decline of the West” and “Nazi Germany: A New History” “…Sweepingly brilliant!” Dr. J.Donald Hughes Description: This work is a radical rethinking of the key currents of intellectual and environmental history. The Decline of Nature is an account of Western attitudes and behavior toward nature, from the deforestation of Western Europe during the High Middle Ages through the Scientific Revolution and the technological exploitation of nature in the 19th and 20th centuries, and on to the Environmental Movement. The destruction of European and colonial ecosystems parallels the rise of modern mechanistic science and a science-based idea of progress which has been perverted by economic ideologies into a belief in unlimited development of nature-as-resources into the amenities of the consumer society. Ecosystems and species diversity have declined to isolated and shrinking remnants subject to further degradation due to global warming resulting from human intervention in global climate cycles. These massive changes will have a catastrophic effect upon evolutionary processes, mankind and the survival of the Earth. The Decline of Nature is an environmental history of ideas embedded in a compact account of Western civilization's ecological impact upon the planet, particularly in Europe and its colonies. The major thesis presented is the idea that two speculative philosophies of history (attempts to understand the meaning of history) and their associated worldviews have been largely responsible for destructive attitudes and behaviors towards nature. They include the idea of providence (i.e. the Christian worldview) and the idea of progress (the science and technology-based vision of unrestrained economic development and material accumulation since the 17th century). Some scholars understand the idea of progress as a secularization of the Christian millennium, the creation of a new Eden through science and technology.A third, alternative philosophy of history, the idea of history as multiple cycles of civilizations rising, flourishing, and declining, was popular in both classical Greco-Roman and ancient Asian civilizations, but was rejected by Western civilization until its revival during the Renaissance and in 19th and 20th century. Oswald Spengler's Decline of the West was the founding work of cyclical philosophy of history in the 20th century. Spengler, Arnold Toynbee, and other 20th century speculative philosophers of history have been criticized by postmodern philosophers for creating logically indefensible “grand narratives”. However, Spengler's mysterious cycles of civilization have found at least a partial scientific explanation in the new discipline of environmental history. Environmental degradation played a major role in the decline of ancient Mesopotamian, Greco-Roman, Mayan and Asian civilizations. Spengler was also perceptive in distinguishing the nature-destroying tendencies of humanity in general, and Western (Faustian) civilization in particular. This monograph reflects on the position of global societies facing environmental, social and economic destruction and the historical processes that have resulted in this crisis of both man and nature.Market: Environmental History, Environmental Studies, Intellectual History Release Date: 5/25/2008 Copyright: 2008 ISBN/Price: PAPER:1933146-51-6; $44.95 Trim Size: 6 x 9 Pages: 457 Index: Yes Bibliography: Yes Illustrations: Yes CIP: Yes Publisher: Academica Press, LLC Box 60728 Cambridge Station Palo Alto,CA. 94306 Contact: Robert Redfern-West (650)329-0685;[email protected] See our website for more information: www.Academic

Auf Den Spuren Versunkener Kulturen

Author : Brian Fagan
ISBN : 3869640901
Genre :
File Size : 45. 88 MB
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Cultural Consequences Of The Little Ice Age

Author : Wolfgang Behringer
ISBN : 3525358644
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 82 MB
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Recent discussions about the global warming have shown the human fears of climatic changes. In the past, phases of low temperature caused major problems. As of now, the global cooling down during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern History has been documented on its physical effects mainly. This edition is the first attempt to seize the climatic consequences culturally, politically, socially, religiously and psychologically.

Hexenwerk Oder Gottes Zorn Hexenverfolgungen In S Dwestdeutschland Im Kontext Der Kleinen Eiszeit 1560 1630

Author : Hannes Weik
ISBN : 9783842888890
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 31 MB
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Anfang August 1562 verwüstet ein Unwetter weite Teile Südwestdeutschlands. Kurz darauf brennen in der kleinen Grafschaft Wiesensteig die ersten Scheiterhaufen - ein schreckliches Szenario, das sich in den folgenden Jahrzehnten in anderen Regionen mehrfach wiederholen sollte. Denn ein häufiger Grund für die Verfolgung von Hexen war die Anschuldigung, Wetterzauber betrieben zu haben. Tatsächlich fallen die Hochphasen der Hexenverfolgung mit einer Klimaverschlechterung zusammen, die als "Kleine Eiszeit" bekannt geworden ist. Anhand ausgewählter Beispiele geht die vorliegende Studie der Frage nach, ob und inwiefern dieser Zusammenhang im südwestdeutschen Raum nachweisbar ist.

Famines During The Little Ice Age 1300 1800

Author : Dominik Collet
ISBN : 9783319543376
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 93 MB
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This highly interdisciplinary book studies historical famines as an interface of nature and culture. It will bring together researchers from the natural and social sciences as well as the humanities. With reference to recent interdisciplinary concepts (disaster studies, vulnerability studies, environmental history) it will examine, how the dominant opposition of natural and cultural factors can be overcome. Such an integrated approach includes the "archives of nature" as well as "archives of man". It challenges deterministic models of human-environment interaction and replaces them with a dynamic, historicising approach. As a result it provides a fresh perspective on the entanglement of climate and culture in past societies.

Die Wahrnehmung Des Neuen In Antike Und Renaissance

Author : Achatz von Müller
ISBN : 9783110957334
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 55 MB
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Die Herausforderung durch "das Neue" hat sich zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts noch einmal entscheidend verschärft. Bio-, Nano- und Medienwissenschaftler verkünden zum wiederholten Male Veränderungen, die das Gesicht und die Ordnung der "Welt" tiefgreifend umgestalten werden. Futurologen sprechen sogar von einer "zweiten Evolution", die sich bereits jetzt ankündige. Die Wahrnehmung des Neuen ist aber selbst eine historische Variable. Deshalb werden in diesem Bande zwei paradigmatische Typen von Gesellschaften auf ihren Umfang mit dem Neuen hin untersucht: eine traditionale, die Antike, und eine modernisierende, die Renaissance. Inhaltlich geht es in beiden Bereichen um Fragen der Kunst- und Literaturtheorie, der ästhetischen und politischen Praxis, der gesellschaftlichen Herausforderungen, die das Neue begleiten, bis hin zu dem direkten Vergleich zweier herausragender Gestalten der beiden Epochen: Augustus und Cosimo di Medici. Dabei werden in den Aufsätzen von Altertumswissenschaftlern und Spezialisten für die Renaissance Konzepte unterschiedlicher historischer Gesellschaften nach ihren mentalen Dispositionen und Methoden befragt, um Traditionsbrüche, Innovationen sowie Imaginationen "des Neuen" zu reflektieren.

The Jamestown Project

Author : Karen Ordahl Kupperman
ISBN : 9780674027022
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 88 MB
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Capturing England's intoxication with a wider world through ballads, plays, and paintings; the stark reality of Jamestown, through the words of its inhabitants; and with archeological and environmental evidence, Kupperman re-creates Jamestown's formative years with astonishing detail.

Encyclopedia Of Environmental Change

Author : John A Matthews
ISBN : 9781446264881
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35. 49 MB
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Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Das Universum In Dir

Author : Neil Shubin
ISBN : 9783104030906
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 60 MB
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Die Gesamtgeschichte der Erde und des Menschen und von Allem – ungewöhnlich, unterhaltsam und packend! Seit dem Urknall haben sich Galaxien, Sonnensysteme und Planeten gebildet und im Laufe der Äonen entwickelte sich das Leben auf der Erde. Angesichts dessen könnten wir Menschen uns unbedeutend vorkommen – doch tief in uns verborgen liegt das große Wunder des Lebens: Das Universum ist in uns! Der weltbekannte Paläontologe Neil Shubin geht in seinem neuen Buch den Rätseln unseres Lebens nach: Er erzählt von der Zusammensetzung der Moleküle, findet eine Erklärung dafür, weshalb wir einen Regenbogen sehen können und zeigt, wie das Universum unseren Schlafrhythmus und die Geschwindigkeit beeinflusst, mit der sich unsere Zellen teilen. Ein wissenschaftliches Abenteuer, nach dem wir besser verstehen, wer – und was – wir sind.

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