the matter of the mind philosophical essays on psychology neuroscience and reduction

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The Matter Of The Mind

Author : Maurice Schouten
ISBN : 9781444350869
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 83 MB
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The Matter of the Mind addresses and illuminates therelationship between psychology and neuroscience by focusing on thetopic of reduction. Written by leading philosophers in the field Discusses recent theorizing in the mind-brain sciences andreviews and weighs the evidence in favour of reductionism againstthe backdrop of recent important advances within psychology and theneurosciences Collects the latest work on central topics where neuroscienceis now making inroads in traditional psychological terrain, such asadaptive behaviour, reward systems, consciousness, and socialcognition.

Die Architektur Des Psychischen

Author : Mike Lüdmann
ISBN : 9783863093044
Genre :
File Size : 34. 78 MB
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Die Relativit T Von Welt

Author : Gabriel Vacariu
ISBN : 9783658105754
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26. 49 MB
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Das Werk zeigt, inwiefern ein naives Verständnis von „Welt“ der Komplexität moderner Wissenschaften nicht gerecht wird. Es liefert einen wissenschaftstheoretischen Rahmen, in dem die interdisziplinären Fragestellungen von Psychologie, Neurowissenschaften, Biologie und Quantenphysik verstanden werden können, ohne in Aporien zu führen. Auf diese Weise trägt der Autor dazu bei, dass Grundlagenprobleme wie der Zusammenhang von Körper und Geist, Gehirn und Bewusstsein oder die Lokalisierung physikalischer Objekte in Raum und Zeit angemessen verstanden werden können. Entscheidend ist dabei der jeweilige Bezugsrahmen, der zu beachten ist: Epistemisch verschiedene Welten (Epistemological Different Worlds, abgekürzt EDW's) helfen, hypertrophe Begriffe (Scheinwelten) einer „realen Welt“ ab- bzw. in die jeweiligen Schranken zu verweisen.

The Concept Of Reduction

Author : Raphael van Riel
ISBN : 9783319041629
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 62 MB
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This volume investigates the notion of reduction. Building on the idea that philosophers employ the term ‘reduction’ to reconcile diversity and directionality with unity, without relying on elimination, the book offers a powerful explication of an “ontological”, notion of reduction the extension of which is (primarily) formed by properties, kinds, individuals, or processes. It argues that related notions of reduction, such as theory-reduction and functional reduction, should be defined in terms of this explication. Thereby, the book offers a coherent framework, which sheds light on the history of the various reduction debates in the philosophy of science and in the philosophy of mind, and on related topics such as reduction and unification, the notion of a scientific level, and physicalism. The book takes its point of departure in the examination of a puzzle about reduction. To illustrate, the book takes as an example the reduction of water. If water reduces to H2O, then water is identical to H2O – thus we get unity. Unity does not come at the price of elimination – claiming that water reduces to H2O, we do not thereby claim that there is no water. But what about diversity and directionality? Intuitively, there should be a difference between water and H2O, such that we get diversity. This is required for there to be directionality: in a sense, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O is prior to, or more basic than water. At least, if water reduces to H2O, then H2O does not reduce to water. But how can this be, if water is identical to H2O? The book shows that the application of current models of reduction does not solve this puzzle, and proposes a new coherent definition, according to which unity is tied to identity, diversity is descriptive in nature, and directionality is the directionality of explanation.

Philosophy Of Mind

Author : William Jaworski
ISBN : 1444397583
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60. 17 MB
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Philosophy of Mind introduces readers to one of the liveliest fields in contemporary philosophy by discussing mind-body problems and the various solutions to them. It provides a detailed yet balanced overview of the entire field that enables readers to jump immediately into current debates. Treats a wide range of mind-body theories and arguments in a fair and balanced way Shows how developments in neuroscience, biology, psychology, and cognitive science have impacted mind-body debates Premise-by-premise arguments for and against each position enable readers to grasp the structure of each argument quickly and easily Diagrams and illustrations help readers absorb the more complex ideas Bibliographic essays at the end of each chapter bring readers up to date on the latest literature Written in a clear, easy to read style that is free of technical jargon, and highly accessible to a broad readership The only book to explain systematically how a hylomorphic theory such as Aristotle’s can contribute to current mind-body debates and vie with current mind-body theories Online chapters on free will and the philosophy of persons make the book a flexible teaching tool for general and introductory philosophy courses - available at www.wiley.com/go/jaworski

Why Religion Is Natural And Science Is Not

Author : Robert N. McCauley
ISBN : 9780199912308
Genre : Religion
File Size : 62. 25 MB
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The battle between religion and science, competing methods of knowing ourselves and our world, has been raging for many centuries. Now scientists themselves are looking at cognitive foundations of religion--and arriving at some surprising conclusions. Over the course of the past two decades, scholars have employed insights gleaned from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and related disciplines to illuminate the study of religion. In Why Religion is Natural and Science Is Not, Robert N. McCauley, one of the founding fathers of the cognitive science of religion, argues that our minds are better suited to religious belief than to scientific inquiry. Drawing on the latest research and illustrating his argument with commonsense examples, McCauley argues that religion has existed for many thousands of years in every society because the kinds of explanations it provides are precisely the kinds that come naturally to human minds. Science, on the other hand, is a much more recent and rare development because it reaches radical conclusions and requires a kind of abstract thinking that only arises consistently under very specific social conditions. Religion makes intuitive sense to us, while science requires a lot of work. McCauley then draws out the larger implications of these findings. The naturalness of religion, he suggests, means that science poses no real threat to it, while the unnaturalness of science puts it in a surprisingly precarious position. Rigorously argued and elegantly written, this provocative book will appeal to anyone interested in the ongoing debate between religion and science, and in the nature and workings of the human mind.

Neurowissenschaft Und Philosophie

Author : Maxwell R. Bennett
ISBN : 3518585428
Genre :
File Size : 33. 87 MB
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Varieties Of Theoretical Psychology

Author : International Society for Theoretical Psychology. Conference
ISBN : 1553222067
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 82. 22 MB
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Leveling Sex Differences In Mindreading

Author : Deborah Mower
ISBN : WISC:89100032887
Genre :
File Size : 75. 28 MB
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More Than Belief

Author : Manuel A. Vásquez
ISBN : NWU:35556041259946
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 61 MB
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Over the past several decades, postmodernist and postcolonial challenges to traditional theories and methods have revolutionized the social sciences. The discipline of religious studies, however, has been relatively slow to confront these developments, continuing to rely heavily on textualmethods and a framework that privileges belief over practice, doctrine over performance, text over context, and inner emotion over public ritual. Recently, however, developments in social theory have begun to transform the study of religion. In this book, Manuel Vasquez maps out the dynamics of thisparadigm shift, exploring systematically the epistemological and methodological challenges contemporary social theory poses for traditional approaches to religious studies. Offering a panoramic view of key debates on identity, culture, and society across the social sciences, he assesses the impactof these debates on the study of religion, offering specific examples of how they are shaping the study of particular religious traditions. He concludes by proposing a robust yet flexible materialist approach to the study of religion that will be capable of addressing the increasing complexity ofreligious life.

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