the militarisation of peacekeeping in the twenty first century 35 studies in international law

Download Book The Militarisation Of Peacekeeping In The Twenty First Century 35 Studies In International Law in PDF format. You can Read Online The Militarisation Of Peacekeeping In The Twenty First Century 35 Studies In International Law here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Militarisation Of Peacekeeping In The Twenty First Century

Author : James Sloan
ISBN : 9781847318442
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 42 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 179
Read : 360

Get This Book


Since the end of the last century, UN peacekeeping has undergone a fundamental and largely unexamined change. Peacekeeping operations, long expected to use force only in self-defence and to act impartially, are now increasingly relied upon by the Security Council as a means to maintain and restore security within a country. The operations are established under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and some are empowered to use 'all necessary measures', language traditionally reserved for enforcement operations. Through a close examination of these twenty-first century peacekeeping operations - including operations in Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Haiti and the Darfur region of the Sudan - the book shows that they are, for the most part, fundamentally ill-suited to the enforcement-type tasks being asked of them. The operations, which are under-funded, under-equipped and whose troops are under-trained, frequently lurch from crisis to crisis. There is scant evidence, some 10 years on, that matters are likely to improve. The book argues that bestowing enforcement-type functions on a peacekeeping operation is misconceived. Such operations are likely to be unsuccessful in their enforcement-type tasks, thereby causing serious damage to the excellent reputation of UN peacekeeping, and the UN more broadly. In addition, because such operations are more likely to be perceived as partial, their ability to carry out traditional (non-forceful) peacekeeping tasks may be impeded. Finally, the Security Council's practice of charging peacekeeping operations with enforcement functions lessens the pressure on the Council to work to establish genuine enforcement operations - ie, operations that are considerably better suited to restoring peace and security. '...Dr Sloan is able to show, in knowledgeable detail, not only what has changed over the years, but also what has brought these changes about. His analysis leads him to offer not only well-informed insights, but critical observations, too...This book is a pleasing combination of detailed scrutiny of topics already familiar (provisional measures, consent, so-called 'Chapter VI1⁄2' action, implied powers) and a rigorous questioning as to their place in – or indeed, relevance at all to – militarised peacekeeping. The reader will find much new terrain traversed, and plenty of out-of-the-box thinking.' From the foreword by Dame Rosalyn Higgins

The United Nations And Collective Security

Author : Gary Wilson
ISBN : 9781136028168
Genre : Law
File Size : 34. 33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 920
Read : 965

Get This Book


The role of the United Nations in collective security has been evolving since its inception in 1945. This book explores collective security as practiced within the legal framework provided by the United Nations Charter, with a particular focus upon activity undertaken under the auspices of the UN Security Council, the body conferred by the Charter with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Although the book is primarily grounded in international law, where appropriate it also draws upon relevant political insights in order to present a clear picture of the UN collective security system in operation and the factors which impact upon the way in which it functions. Offering a comprehensive analysis it considers the full range of measures which can be utilised by the UN in the performance of its collective security remit including military enforcement action, peacekeeping, non-military sanctions and diplomacy. The book considers each of these measures in detail, assessing the legal framework applicable to the form of action, the main legal controversies which arise in respect of their appropriate utilisation, and the UN’s use of this collective security ‘tool’ in practice. The book draws conclusions about the main strengths and shortcomings of the various means through which the UN can attempt to prevent, minimise or end conflict.

International Law On Peacekeeping

Author : Hitoshi Nasu
ISBN : 9789047425731
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 366
Read : 325

Get This Book


It is generally considered that the UN Security Council has been galvanised since the end of the Cold War. However, the existence and development of armed conflicts remain the reality in the international scene. Is the upsurge in instances of invoking Chapter VII of the UN Charter truly a sign of the invigoration of the Security Council’s authority or mere evidence of its failure to prevent the aggravation of armed conflicts? To what extent is the Security Council authorised to exercise the peacekeeping power in order to take a more flexible approach to conflict management from an earlier stage of conflict? This book explores the potential of the UN peacekeeping power, placing Article 40 of the UN Charter at the centre of the legal regime governing peacekeeping measures. It traces the origins of peacekeeping measures primarily in the experience of the League of Nations and identifies Article 40 of the Charter as the primary legal basis for, and the legal restraints upon, the exercise of the peacekeeping power. It examines the regulatory framework within which the United Nations, particularly the Security Council, is authorised and may even be required to direct peacekeeping measures to prevent the aggravation of armed conflicts. It suggests that the legal accountability of the Security Council in directing peacekeeping measures will be enhanced by utilising procedural mechanisms for self-regulation

Global Security In The Twenty First Century

Author : Sean Kay
ISBN : 9781442248038
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82. 96 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 754
Read : 1170

Get This Book


This thoroughly updated edition offers a balanced introduction to contemporary security dilemmas throughout the world. Writing in an engaging style, Sean Kay integrates traditional and emerging challenges in one easily accessible study that gives readers the tools they need to develop a thoughtful and nuanced understanding of global security.

No Place For A War Baby

Author : Donna Seto
ISBN : 9781317087090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 73 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 522
Read : 1319

Get This Book


Donna Seto investigates why children born of wartime sexual violence are rarely included in post-conflict processes of reconciliation and recovery. The focus on children born of wartime sexual violence questions the framework of understanding war and recognizes that certain individuals are often forgotten or neglected. This book considers how children are neglected sites for the reproduction of global norms. It approaches this topic through an interdisciplinary perspective that questions how silence surrounding the issue of wartime sexual violence has prevented justice for children born of war from being achieved. In considering this, Seto examines how the theories and practices of mainstream International Relations (IR) can silence the experiences of war rape survivors and children born of wartime sexual violence and explores the theoretical frameworks within IR and the institutional structures that uphold protection regimes for children and women.

Child Soldiers As Agents Of War And Peace

Author : Leonie Steinl
ISBN : 9789462652019
Genre : Law
File Size : 25. 18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 340
Read : 853

Get This Book


This book deals with child soldiers’ involvement in crimes under international law.Child soldiers are often victims of grave human rights abuses, and yet, in some cases,they also participate actively in inflicting violence upon others. Nonetheless, theinternational discourse on child soldiers often tends to ignore the latter dimensionof children’s involvement in armed conflict and instead focuses exclusively on theirrole as victims. While it might seem as though the discourse is therefore beneficial for child soldiersas it protects them from blame and responsibility, it is important to realize that theso-called passive victim narrative entails various adverse consequences, which canhinder the successful reintegration of child soldiers into their families, communitiesand societies. This book aims to address this dilemma. First, the available optionsfor dealing with child soldiers’ participation in crimes under international law, suchas transitional justice and criminal justice, and their shortcomings are analyzed indepth. Subsequently a new approach is developed towards achieving accountabilityin a child-adequate way, which is called restorative transitional justice. This book is in the first place aimed at researchers with an interest in child soldiers,children and armed conflict, as well as international criminal law, transitional justice,juvenile justice, restorative justice, children’s rights, and international human rightslaw. Secondly, professionals working on issues of transitional justice, juvenile justice,international criminal law, children’s rights, and the reintegration of child soldierswill also find the subject matter of great relevance to their practice. Dr. Leonie Steinl, LL.M. (Columbia) is a Researcher and Lecturer at the Faculty of Lawof the Humboldt-Universität in Berlin.

The United Nations In The 21st Century

Author : Karen A. Mingst
ISBN : 9780429973932
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 366
Read : 690

Get This Book


The United Nations in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the United Nations, exploring the historical, institutional, and theoretical foundations of the UN. This popular text for courses on international organizations and international relations also discusses the political complexities facing the organization today.Thoroughly revised throughout, the fifth edition focuses on major trends since 2012, including changing power dynamics, increasing threats to peace and security, and the growing challenges of climate change and sustainability. It examines the proliferating public-private partnerships involving the UN and the debates over reforming the Security Council and the Secretary-General selection process. This edition also includes new case studies on peacekeeping and the use of force in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mali, transnational terrorism and the emergence of ISIS, the Security Council's failure to act in Syria, the Syrian and global refugee/migrant crisis, and the conclusion of the Millennium Development Goals and framing of the Sustainable Development Goals.

International Relations Theory For The Twenty First Century

Author : Martin Griffiths
ISBN : 9781134178957
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 603
Read : 267

Get This Book


International relations theory has been the site of intense debate in recent years. A decade ago it was still possible to divide the field between three main perspectives – Realism, Liberalism, and Marxism. Not only have these approaches evolved in new directions, they have been joined by a number of new ‘isms’ vying for attention, including feminism and constructivism. International Relations Theory for the Twenty-First Century is the first comprehensive textbook to provide an overview of all the most important theories within international relations. Written by an international team of experts in the field, the book covers both traditional approaches, such as realism and liberal internationalism, as well as new developments such as constructivism, poststructuralism and postcolonialism. The book’s comprehensive coverage of IR theory makes it the ideal textbook for teachers and students who want an up-to-date survey of the rich variety of theoretical work and for readers with no prior exposure to the subject.

Humanitarian Military Intervention

Author : Taylor B. Seybolt
ISBN : 0199252432
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 29 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 623
Read : 866

Get This Book


Military intervention in a conflict without a reasonable prospect of success is unjustifiable, especially when it is done in the name of humanity. Couched in the debate on the responsibility to protect civilians from violence and drawing on traditional 'just war' principles, the central premise of this book is that humanitarian military intervention can be justified as a policy option only if decision makers can be reasonably sure that intervention will do more good than harm. This book asks, 'Have past humanitarian military interventions been successful?' It defines success as saving lives and sets out a methodology for estimating the number of lives saved by a particular military intervention. Analysis of 17 military operations in six conflict areas that were the defining cases of the 1990s-northern Iraq after the Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo and East Timor-shows that the majority were successful by this measure. In every conflict studied, however, some military interventions succeeded while others failed, raising the question, 'Why have some past interventions been more successful than others?' This book argues that the central factors determining whether a humanitarian intervention succeeds are the objectives of the intervention and the military strategy employed by the intervening states. Four types of humanitarian military intervention are offered: helping to deliver emergency aid, protecting aid operations, saving the victims of violence and defeating the perpetrators of violence. The focus on strategy within these four types allows an exploration of the political and military dimensions of humanitarian intervention and highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each of the four types. Humanitarian military intervention is controversial. Scepticism is always in order about the need to use military force because the consequences can be so dire. Yet it has become equally controversial not to intervene when a governmentsubjects its citizens to massive violation of their basic human rights. This book recognizes the limits of humanitarian intervention but does not shy away from suggesting how military force can save lives in extreme circumstances.

Rethinking Peacekeeping Gender Equality And Collective Security

Author : G. Heathcote
ISBN : 9781137400215
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 6 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 460
Read : 742

Get This Book


This book examines how the Security Council has approached issues of gender equality since 2000. Written by academics, activists and practitioners the book challenges the reader to consider how women's participation, gender equality, sexual violence and the prevalence of economic disadvantages might be addressed in post-conflict communities.

Top Download:

Best Books