the militarisation of peacekeeping in the twenty first century 35 studies in international law

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The Militarisation Of Peacekeeping In The Twenty First Century

Author : James Sloan
ISBN : 9781847318442
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 72 MB
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Since the end of the last century, UN peacekeeping has undergone a fundamental and largely unexamined change. Peacekeeping operations, long expected to use force only in self-defence and to act impartially, are now increasingly relied upon by the Security Council as a means to maintain and restore security within a country. The operations are established under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and some are empowered to use 'all necessary measures', language traditionally reserved for enforcement operations. Through a close examination of these twenty-first century peacekeeping operations - including operations in Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Haiti and the Darfur region of the Sudan - the book shows that they are, for the most part, fundamentally ill-suited to the enforcement-type tasks being asked of them. The operations, which are under-funded, under-equipped and whose troops are under-trained, frequently lurch from crisis to crisis. There is scant evidence, some 10 years on, that matters are likely to improve. The book argues that bestowing enforcement-type functions on a peacekeeping operation is misconceived. Such operations are likely to be unsuccessful in their enforcement-type tasks, thereby causing serious damage to the excellent reputation of UN peacekeeping, and the UN more broadly. In addition, because such operations are more likely to be perceived as partial, their ability to carry out traditional (non-forceful) peacekeeping tasks may be impeded. Finally, the Security Council's practice of charging peacekeeping operations with enforcement functions lessens the pressure on the Council to work to establish genuine enforcement operations - ie, operations that are considerably better suited to restoring peace and security. '...Dr Sloan is able to show, in knowledgeable detail, not only what has changed over the years, but also what has brought these changes about. His analysis leads him to offer not only well-informed insights, but critical observations, too...This book is a pleasing combination of detailed scrutiny of topics already familiar (provisional measures, consent, so-called 'Chapter VI1⁄2' action, implied powers) and a rigorous questioning as to their place in – or indeed, relevance at all to – militarised peacekeeping. The reader will find much new terrain traversed, and plenty of out-of-the-box thinking.' From the foreword by Dame Rosalyn Higgins

The United Nations And Collective Security

Author : Gary Wilson
ISBN : 9781136028168
Genre : Law
File Size : 66. 31 MB
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The role of the United Nations in collective security has been evolving since its inception in 1945. This book explores collective security as practiced within the legal framework provided by the United Nations Charter, with a particular focus upon activity undertaken under the auspices of the UN Security Council, the body conferred by the Charter with the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Although the book is primarily grounded in international law, where appropriate it also draws upon relevant political insights in order to present a clear picture of the UN collective security system in operation and the factors which impact upon the way in which it functions. Offering a comprehensive analysis it considers the full range of measures which can be utilised by the UN in the performance of its collective security remit including military enforcement action, peacekeeping, non-military sanctions and diplomacy. The book considers each of these measures in detail, assessing the legal framework applicable to the form of action, the main legal controversies which arise in respect of their appropriate utilisation, and the UN’s use of this collective security ‘tool’ in practice. The book draws conclusions about the main strengths and shortcomings of the various means through which the UN can attempt to prevent, minimise or end conflict.

No Place For A War Baby

Author : Donna Seto
ISBN : 9781317087090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 8 MB
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Donna Seto investigates why children born of wartime sexual violence are rarely included in post-conflict processes of reconciliation and recovery. The focus on children born of wartime sexual violence questions the framework of understanding war and recognizes that certain individuals are often forgotten or neglected. This book considers how children are neglected sites for the reproduction of global norms. It approaches this topic through an interdisciplinary perspective that questions how silence surrounding the issue of wartime sexual violence has prevented justice for children born of war from being achieved. In considering this, Seto examines how the theories and practices of mainstream International Relations (IR) can silence the experiences of war rape survivors and children born of wartime sexual violence and explores the theoretical frameworks within IR and the institutional structures that uphold protection regimes for children and women.

Die Neuen Kriege

Author : Herfried Münkler
ISBN : 9783644011212
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 14 MB
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Das Zeitalter der zwischenstaatlichen Kriege geht offenbar zu Ende. Aber der Krieg ist keineswegs verschwunden, er hat nur seine Erscheinungsform verändert. In den neuen Kriegen spielen nicht mehr die Staaten die Hauptrolle, sondern Warlords, Söldner und Terroristen. Die Gewalt richtet sich vor allem gegen die Zivilbevölkerung; Hochhäuser werden zu Schlachtfeldern, Fernsehbilder zu Waffen. Herfried Münkler macht die Folgen dieser Entwicklung deutlich. Er zeigt, wie mit dem Verschwinden von klassischen Schlachten und Frontlinien auch die Unterscheidung von Krieg und Frieden brüchig geworden ist, und erörtert, wie man den besonderen Gefahren begegnen kann, die von den neuen Kriegen ausgehen.

Menschenrechte Eine Kurze Einf Hrung

Author : Andrew Clapham
ISBN : 3150189829
Genre :
File Size : 28. 40 MB
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Handschlag Mit Dem Teufel

Author : Roméo Dallaire
ISBN : 3866740239
Genre : Genocide
File Size : 61. 84 MB
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United People

Author : George Monbiot
ISBN : 3570500462
Genre :
File Size : 40. 68 MB
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R Mischer Katholizismus Und Politische Form

Author : Carl Schmitt
ISBN : 3608941983
Genre : Apologetic works
File Size : 89. 76 MB
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Visionen Des Politischen

Author : Quentin Skinner
ISBN : 3518295101
Genre : Political science
File Size : 34. 41 MB
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Amnesty International Report 2016 17

Author : Amnesty International Sektion der Bundesrepublik
ISBN : 9783104904337
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30. 45 MB
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Der ›Amnesty International Report 2016/17‹ ist das essentielle Handbuch zur weltweiten Lage der Menschenrechte. Bewaffnete Konflikte, Terror und mangelnder staatlicher Schutz haben 65 Millionen Menschen weltweit in die Flucht getrieben. Doch immer mehr Staaten riegeln ihre Grenzen ab und verwehren den Geflüchteten ihre Rechte auf Leben, Freiheit und Sicherheit. Gleichzeitig gefährden Zensur, Repressionen und autoritäre Praktiken die vermeintlich sicheren zivilisatorischen Errungenschaften. Der ›Amnesty International Report‹ gibt anhand von circa 160 Länderberichten – unter anderem aus der Volksrepublik China, Nigeria, der Türkei und den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika – einen Überblick über die weltweite Situation der Menschenrechte und ist eine wichtige Grundlage für alle, die sich für die Menschenrechte interessieren und sie durch politische Entscheidungen oder freiwilliges Engagement verändern wollen.

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