the nazi connection eugenics american racism and german national socialism

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The Nazi Connection

Author : Stefan Kuhl
ISBN : 0195348788
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 96 MB
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When Hitler published Mein Kampf in 1924, he held up a foreign law as a model for his program of racial purification: The U.S. Immigration Restriction Act of 1924, which prohibited the immigration of those with hereditary illnesses and entire ethnic groups. When the Nazis took power in 1933, they installed a program of eugenics--the attempted "improvement" of the population through forced sterilization and marriage controls--that consciously drew on the U.S. example. By then, many American states had long had compulsory sterilization laws for "defectives," upheld by the Supreme Court in 1927. Small wonder that the Nazi laws led one eugenics activist in Virginia to complain, "The Germans are beating us at our own game." In The Nazi Connection, Stefan Kühl uncovers the ties between the American eugenics movement and the Nazi program of racial hygiene, showing that many American scientists actively supported Hitler's policies. After introducing us to the recently resurgent problem of scientific racism, Kühl carefully recounts the history of the eugenics movement, both in the United States and internationally, demonstrating how widely the idea of sterilization as a genetic control had become accepted by the early twentieth century. From the first, the American eugenicists led the way with radical ideas. Their influence led to sterilization laws in dozens of states--laws which were studied, and praised, by the German racial hygienists. With the rise of Hitler, the Germans enacted compulsory sterilization laws partly based on the U.S. experience, and American eugenists took pride in their influence on Nazi policies. Kühl recreates astonishing scenes of American eugenicists travelling to Germany to study the new laws, publishing scholarly articles lionizing the Nazi eugenics program, and proudly comparing personal notes from Hitler thanking them for their books. Even after the outbreak of war, he writes, the American eugenicists frowned upon Hitler's totalitarian government, but not his sterilization laws. So deep was the failure to recognize the connection between eugenics and Hitler's genocidal policies, that a prominent liberal Jewish eugenicist who had been forced to flee Germany found it fit to grumble that the Nazis "took over our entire plan of eugenic measures." By 1945, when the murderous nature of the Nazi government was made perfectly clear, the American eugenicists sought to downplay the close connections between themselves and the German program. Some of them, in fact, had sought to distance themselves from Hitler even before the war. But Stefan Kühl's deeply documented book provides a devastating indictment of the influence--and aid--provided by American scientists for the most comprehensive attempt to enforce racial purity in world history.

Die Internationale Der Rassisten

Author : Stefan Kühl
ISBN : 9783593399867
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 78 MB
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In seinem Standardwerk - jetzt in 2., überarbeiteter und erweiterter Auflage - zeichnet Stefan Kühl die Entwicklung der internationalen wissenschaftlichen Bewegung von Eugenikern und Rassenhygienikern Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts nach. Zudem beleuchtet er ihren Einfluss über 1945 hinaus auf die Etablierung der Humangenetik und der Bevölkerungswissenschaft. Noch heute - wie bei Thilo Sarrazin - lassen sich Spuren des Diskurses auffinden.

Hitlers Imperium

Author : Mark Mazower
ISBN : 3406592716
Genre : Europa
File Size : 77. 88 MB
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Mein Kampf

Author : Adolf Hitler
ISBN : 198363820X
Genre :
File Size : 22. 14 MB
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Published in the German language, this is the infamous Main Kampf, by Adolf Hitler.

Das Unerw Nschte Volk

Author : David S. Wyman
ISBN : 3596146070
Genre : Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
File Size : 83. 73 MB
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Rasse Siedlung Deutsches Blut

Author : Isabel Heinemann
ISBN : 3835320491
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 22 MB
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Das Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt der SS (RuSHA) war im NS-Staat zuständig für die rassische Überprüfung von SS-Angehörigen sowie ab 1939 von sogenannten Volksdeutschen, von Polen, Russen, Slowenen, Elsässern und Lothringern. Weit mehr als eine Million Menschen aus ganz Europa wurden diesen Musterungen unterzogen, für die meisten war das Votum der SS-Rassenprüfer von existentieller Bedeutung. Der "rassische Wert" der Menschen bestimmte, ob sie enteignet, vertrieben, umgesiedelt oder zur Zwangsarbeit herangezogen, als Jude identifiziert, zur Ermordung in ein Vernichtungslager geschickt wurden - oder nicht. Damit lieferte die rassische Hierarchisierung nicht nur die vermeintlich wissenschaftliche Begründung der NS-Bevölkerungspolitik, sondern prägte entscheidend die besatzungspolitische Praxis. Die rassischen Überprüfungen und damit verbundenen Umsiedlungen erweisen sich als Grundpfeiler der NS-Diktatur, als zentrales Element des Rassenstaates. Isabel Heinemann analysiert das RuSHA als eine Schlüsselinstitution des SS-Imperiums und stellt die Rasseexperten der SS aus dem RuSHA als eine spezifische Gruppe von NS-Funktionären vor. Daneben zeigt sie, wie die Rasseexperten die rassische Auslese konzipierten, umsetzten und welche Konsequenzen dies hatte. Sechs Fallstudien demonstrieren, wie das Votum der SS-Rasseexperten die gewaltsame Vertreibungs- und Neuordnungspolitik in den europäischen Regionen prägte - in der Tschechoslowakei, in Westpolen, in Elsaß-Lothringen, im "Generalgouvernement", in der besetzten Sowjetunion und im "Altreich".

Rzte Als Hitlers Helfer

Author : Michael H. Kater
ISBN : 3492234070
Genre : National socialism and medicine
File Size : 27. 82 MB
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The Kaiser Wilhelm Society Under National Socialism

Author : Susanne Heim
ISBN : 9780521879064
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 43 MB
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This book examines the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes under Hitler, illustrating the cooperation between scientists and National Socialists in service of autarky, racial hygiene, war, and genocide.

Children Of Perdition

Author : Tim Hashaw
ISBN : 0881460745
Genre : History
File Size : 38. 84 MB
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Some oppressed groups fought with guns, some fought in court, some exercised civil disobedience; the Melungeons, however, fought by telling folktales. Whites and blacks gave the name "children of perdition" to mixed Americans during the 300 years that marriage between whites and nonwhites was outlawed. Mixed communities ranked socially below communities of freed slaves although they had lighter skin. To escape persecution caused by the stigma of having African blood, these groups invented fantastic stories of their origins, known generally as "lost colony" legends. From the founding of America, through the American Revolution, the Civil War and World War II, the author documents the histories of several related mixed communities that began in Virginia in 1619 and still exist today, and shows how they responded to racism over four centuries. Conflicts led to imprisonment, whippings, slavery, lynching, gun battles, forced sterilization, and exile--but they survived. America's view of mixing became increasingly intolerant and led to a twentieth-century scheme to forcibly exile U.S. citizens, with as little as ?one drop? of black blood, to Africa even though their ancestors arrived before the Mayflower. Evidence documents the collaboration between American race purists and leading Nazi Germans who perpetrated the Holocaust. The author examines theories of ethnic purity and ethnic superiority, and reveals how mixed people responded to "pure race" myths with origin myths of their own as Nazi sympa-thizers in state and federal government segregated mixed Americans, citing the myth of Aryan supremacy. Finally, Children of Perdition explains why many Americans view mixing as unnatural and shows how mixed people continue to confront the Jim Crow "one drop" standard today. Some oppressed groups fought with guns, some fought in court, some exercised civil disobedience; the Melungeons, however, fought by telling folktales. Whites and blacks gave the name "children of perdition" to mixed Americans during the 300 years that marriage between whites and nonwhites was outlawed. Mixed communities ranked socially below communities of freed slaves although they had lighter skin. To escape persecution caused by the stigma of having African blood, these groups invented fantastic stories of their origins, known generally as "lost colony" legends. From the founding of America, through the American Revolution, the Civil War and World War II, the author documents the histories of several related mixed communities that began in Virginia in 1619 and still exist today, and shows how they responded to racism over four centuries. Conflicts led to imprisonment, whippings, slavery, lynching, gun battles, forced sterilization, and exile--but they survived. America's view of mixing became increasingly intolerant and led to a twentieth-century scheme to forcibly exile U.S. citizens, with as little as ?one drop? of black blood, to Africa even though their ancestors arrived before the Mayflower. Evidence documents the collaboration between American race purists and leading Nazi Germans who perpetrated the Holocaust. The author examines theories of ethnic purity and ethnic superiority, and reveals how mixed people responded to "pure race" myths with origin myths of their own as Nazi sympa-thizers in state and federal government segregated mixed Americans, citing the myth of Aryan supremacy. Finally, Children of Perdition explains why many Americans view mixing as unnatural and shows how mixed people continue to confront the Jim Crow "one drop" standard today.

Hitlers Amerikanisches Vorbild

Author : James Q. Whitman
ISBN : 9783406721403
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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Als in Deutschland die Nationalsozialisten triumphieren, ist in den USA die hohe Zeit der „Jim-Crow-Gesetze“, mit denen die Diskriminierung der Schwarzen geltendes Recht wird. Eine zufällige Parallele? Was kaum zu glauben klingt, das dokumentiert der Rechtshistoriker James Q. Whitman unwiderleglich: Der Rassismus in den USA lieferte den Nazis Anschauungsmaterial für die Diskriminierung der Juden. Der Empfang durch die New Yorker Anwaltskammer sei „warm“ und „besonders befriedigend“ gewesen, befand Ludwig Fischer. Der Jurist, der 1947 hingerichtet wurde, war Leiter einer Delegation, die sich auf eine „Studienreise“ in die USA begeben hatte. Die Reise im September 1935 war als Belohnung für ein Jahr „harter Arbeit“ gedacht, das die Ausarbeitung der „Nürnberger Rassengesetze“ und die Überwindung „überholter“ Rechtsstandpunkte allen Beteiligten abverlangt hatte. Nun aber war man in dem Land, von dem man so viel gelernt hatte und von dem man noch mehr lernen wollte: Wie man Rassengesetze nicht nur macht, sondern auch wirksam umsetzt.

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