the neuroethology of predation and escape

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The Neuroethology Of Predation And Escape

Author : Keith T. Sillar
ISBN : 9780470972236
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 65 MB
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The forces of natural selection have been a primary driver in the evolution of adaptive animal behaviours. On the one hand animals must evade predation in order to survive and pass on their genes; on other hand, and for the same underlying reasons, animals must also be capable of successfully capturing prey. This situation has led to an evolutionary arms race in which predator and prey are locked in the battle to survive. A common strategy in each situation is to enhance the speed of response, resulting in the evolution of neural, muscular and biomechanical designs that produce supremely fast and eye-catching behavioral responses. The aim of this book is to illuminate the design principles of escape and predatory behaviours using a series of case histories from different animal groups and to emphasize the convergent evolution of neural circuitry that optimizes the chances of survival. Using these case histories the authors describe sensory mechanisms that aid prey and predator detection, central neural circuit designs that increase speed of response and neuromuscular and biomechanical properties that aid the performance of escape and predatory movements.


Author : Jeffrey M. Camhi
ISBN : UOM:39015005850204
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 93 MB
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Behavioral Neurobiology

Author : Günther K. H. Zupanc
ISBN : 9780199208302
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 38 MB
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Shaun D. Cain, The Journal of Experimental Biology --Book Jacket.

Cognitive Ecology Ii

Author : Reuven Dukas
ISBN : 9780226169378
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 69 MB
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Merging evolutionary ecology and cognitive science, cognitive ecology investigates how animal interactions with natural habitats shape cognitive systems, and how constraints on nervous systems limit or bias animal behavior. Research in cognitive ecology has expanded rapidly in the past decade, and this second volume builds on the foundations laid out in the first, published in 1998. Cognitive Ecology II integrates numerous scientific disciplines to analyze the ecology and evolution of animal cognition. The contributors cover the mechanisms, ecology, and evolution of learning and memory, including detailed analyses of bee neurobiology, bird song, and spatial learning. They also explore decision making, with mechanistic analyses of reproductive behavior in voles, escape hatching by frog embryos, and predation in the auditory domain of bats and eared insects. Finally, they consider social cognition, focusing on alarm calls and the factors determining social learning strategies of corvids, fish, and mammals. With cognitive ecology ascending to its rightful place in behavioral and evolutionary research, this volume captures the promise that has been realized in the past decade and looks forward to new research prospects.

Principles Of Animal Communication

Author : J. W. Bradbury
ISBN : 0878930450
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 46 MB
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Starting with the physics and physiology of signal production, propagation and reception, this book provides a useful introduction to the principles of animal communication. Only a minimum of algebra is required to understand the text.

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author :
ISBN : 9780080453965
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 81 MB
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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Predator Prey Interactions Co Evolution Between Bats And Their Prey

Author : David Steve Jacobs
ISBN : 9783319324920
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 40 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of the evolution of traits associated with predation and predator defense for bats and all of their prey, both invertebrates (e.g. insects) and vertebrates (e.g. frogs), in the context of co-evolution. It reviews current knowledge of how echolocation and passive hearing are used by bats to hunt prey in complete darkness. Also it highlights how prey have evolved counter measures to bat echolocation to avoid detection and capture. This includes the whole range of prey responses from being active at times when bats are inactive to the use of acoustic signals of their own to interfere with the echolocation system of bats.

Neuroethology And Behavioral Physiology

Author : F. Huber
ISBN : 9783642692710
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 42 MB
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The investigation of the relationships between a behavior pattern and its underlying sensory and neurophysiological mechanisms in both man and animals dates back well into the last century. However, the concepts and findings of ethology and experimental psychology, together with an improved understanding of how the nervous system is organized and how neurons interact with each other, have only in the last 30 years laid the groundwork for an in-depth analysis. The many technological advances achieved in neurophysiology and neuroanatomy have also played an important role in this. The study of the neuronal bases of behavior - for which the term "neuroethology" has been coined - has thus become one of the central themes of neuroscience. Kenneth David Roeder, who died in 1979, was one of the pioneers of this field of research. It is to him that the contributions in this book are dedicated. K.D. Roeder was among the first to attempt to define the correlation between the natural behavior of an experimental animal and the activity of single sensory and nerve cells. The ques tions he asked, his experimental approach, and his fundamental discoveries are pre sented in an introductory chapter.

The Chemistry Of Membranes Used In Fuel Cells

Author : Shulamith Schlick
ISBN : 9781119196051
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 44 MB
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The evolution of fuel cells and their components -- Degradation mechanism of perfluorinated membranes -- Ranking the stability of perfluorinated membranes to attack by hydroxyl radicals -- Stabilization of perfluorinated membranes using Ce3+ and Mn2+ redox scavengers: mechanism and applications -- Hydrocarbon proton exchange membranes -- Stabilization of perfluorinated membranes using nanoparticle additives -- Degradation mechanism in aquivion perfluorinated membranes and stabilization strategies -- Anion exchange membrane: stability and synthetic approach -- Profiling of membrane degradation processes in a fuel cell by 2D spectral-spatial FTIR-- Quantum mechanical calculation of the degradation in perfluorinated membranes used in fuel cells

Recent Trends In Animal Behaviour

Author : Archana Ruhela
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215142311
Genre : Animal behavior
File Size : 47. 54 MB
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The present book explores the mechanisms and evolution of animal behaviour, including neural, hormonal, and genetic substrates of behaviour, foraging; anti-predator defences; mating systems and sexual selection; social behaviour; communication; parental care; kin selection and recognition; and territoriality. This thoroughly up-to-date text shows how evolutionary biologists analyse all aspects of behaviour. It is distinguished by its balanced treatment of both the evolutionary theory in unifying the different behavioural disciplines.

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