the neuron and the mind microneuronal theory and practice in cognitive neuroscience

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The Neuron And The Mind

Author : William R. Uttal
ISBN : 9781317208082
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 7 MB
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This book, a companion to William R. Uttal’s earlier work on macrotheories theories of mind-brain relationships, reviews another set of theories—those based on microneuronal measurements. Microneural theories maintain the integrity of individual neurons either in isolation or as participants in the great neuronal networks that make up the physical brain. Despite an almost universal acceptance by cognitive neuroscientists that the intangible mind must, in some way, be encoded by network states, Uttal shows that the problem of how the transformation occurs is not yet supported by empirical research findings at the micro as well as at the macro levels of analysis. Theories of the neuronal network survive more as metaphors than as robust explanations. This book also places special emphasis on the technological developments that stimulate these metaphors. A major conclusion drawn in this book is that it is not at all certain that the mind-brain problem is solvable in the sense that many other grand scientific problems are.

Conciencia En E Prime

Author : Manuel Luna Alcoba
ISBN :
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42. 7 MB
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En este primer libro en la Historia de la Filosofía española en E-prime, se repasan los últimos avances de las ciencias biomédicas, para extraer una serie de consecuencias filosóficas que alteran radicalmente los tradicionales enfoques sobre el problema mente/cuerpo.

Macroneural Theories In Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : William R. Uttal
ISBN : 9781317392736
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 47 MB
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In this book, William R. Uttal continues his analysis and critique of theories of mind. This book considers theories that are based on macroneural responses (such as those obtained from fMRI) that represent the averaged or cumulative responses of many neurons. The analysis is carried out with special emphasis on the logical and conceptual difficulties in developing a theory but with special attention to some of the current attempts to go from these cumulative responses to explanations of the grand question of how the mind is generated by the brain. While acknowledging the importance of these macroneural techniques in the study of the anatomy and physiology of the brain, Uttal concludes that this macroneural approach is not likely to produce a valid neural theory of cognition because the critical information—the states of the individual neurons—involved in brain activity becoming mental activity is actually lost in the process of summation. Controversial topics are considered in detail including discussions of empirical, logical, and technological barriers to theory building in cognitive neuroscience.

Cell Cycle And Cell Differentiation

Author : J. Reinert
ISBN : 9783540373902
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 78 MB
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It is instructive to compare the response of biologists to the two themes that comprise the title of this volume. The concept of the cell cycle-in contra distinction to cell division-is a relatively recent one. Nevertheless biologists of all persuasions appreciate and readily agree on the central problems in this area. Issues ranging from mechanisms that initiate and integrate the synthesis of chro mosomal proteins and DNA during S-phase of mitosis to the manner in which assembly of microtubules and their interactions lead to the segregation of metaphase chromosomes are readily followed by botanists and zoologists, as well as by cell and molecular biologists. These problems are crisp and well-defined. The current state of "cell differentiation" stands in sharp contrast. This, one of the oldest problems in experimental biology, almost defies definition today. The difficulties arise not only from a lack of pertinent information on the regulatory mechanisms, but also from conflicting basic concepts in this field. One of the ways in which this situation might be improved would be to find a broader experimental basis, including a better understanding of the relationship between the cell cycle and cell differentiation.

Herbal Medicine In Depression

Author : Clara Grosso
ISBN : 9783319140216
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 46 MB
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This book is written for researchers, undergraduate students and postgraduate students, physicians and traditional medicine practitioners who develop research in the field of neurosciences, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology or can be useful for their practice. Topics discussed include the description of depression, its biochemical causes, the targets of antidepressant drugs, animal and cell models commonly used in the research of this pathology, medicinal plants and bioactive compounds with antidepressant activity used in traditional medicine, advances in nanotechnology for drug delivery to the brain and finally the future challenges for researchers studying this pathology.

Dualism

Author : William R. Uttal
ISBN : 9781135608590
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40. 35 MB
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Directed to scholars and senior-level graduate students, this book is an iconoclastic survey of the history of dualism and its impact on contemporary cognitive psychology. It argues that much of modern cognitive or mentalist psychology is built upon a cryptodualism--the idea that the mind and brain can be thought of as independent entities. This dualism pervades so much of society that it covertly influences many aspects of modern science, particularly psychology. To support the argument, the history of dualism is extended over 100,000 years--from the Paleolithic times until modern philosophical and psychological thinking. The questions regarding this topic that are answered in the book are: 1) Does dualism influence the scientific theories of psychology? 2) If so, should dualism be put aside in the search for a more objective analysis of human mentation?

Ptsd Breakthrough

Author : Frank Lawlis
ISBN : 9781402254789
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 49. 73 MB
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Praise for The PTSD Breakthrough "Dr. Lawlis has done it again! His latest book offers new hope for PTSD sufferers and their families with approaches that can be used at home where the real problems occur and persist. There is a great deal of insight, strategy, and inspiration for anyone who is dealing with these horrific challenges toward the satisfied life they deserve. A must-read for every member of a family touched by PTSD." Dr. Phil McGraw "Dr. Frank Lawlis, one of the most gifted and prolific contributors in modern psychology, delivers in The PTSD Breakthrough a highly readable, scientifically grounded, balanced approach to PTSD, zeroing in on the damaging effects of trauma to the brain psyche, and spirit." John Chibran, PhD, ThD, Harvard Medical School, and the author of What's Love Got to Do with It: Talking with Your Kids About Sex "As a nurse educator, coach, author, and consultant, Dr. Frank Lawlis's timely book on PTSD truly addresses the deep-rooted problem beneath the symptoms and syndrome. His innovative and practical guidelines allow the individual to once again achieve high-level wellness with new penetrating insights and compassion for self in the healing journey." Barbara Dossey, PhD, RN; International Co-Director, Nightingale Initiative for Global Health; Co-Director, International Nurse Coach Association; Author of Holistic Nursing: A Handbook for Practice (5th ed.) and Florence Nightingale: Mystic, Visionary, Healer "Much is being written about post-traumatic stress disorder. But if you a book that looks at the disorder from a new perspective, and explains it and its treatment in a way that both patient and practitioner can understand, this is the book for you." John Roitzsch, PhD, Medical University of South Carolina, VA Medical Center

Psychomythics

Author : William R. Uttal
ISBN : 9781135623715
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 51. 94 MB
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Psychology deals with the most complex subject matter of any science. As such, it is subject to misunderstandings, artifacts, and just simple errors of data, logic, and interpretation. This book teases out the details of some of the sources of these errors. It considers errors in psychological data and theories that arise from confusing endogenous and exogenous causal forces in perceptual research, misinterpreting the effects of inevitable natural laws as psychological phenomena, improper application of statistics and measurement, and flawed assumptions. Examples of each of these sources of error are presented and discussed. Finally, the book concludes that a return to a revitalized kind of behaviorism is preferred, rather than continuing on the current cognitive path.

The Re Emergence Of Emergence

Author : Philip Clayton
ISBN : 9780199287147
Genre : Religion
File Size : 25. 32 MB
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Much of the modern period was dominated by a `reductionist' theory of science. On this view, to explain any event in the world is to reduce it down to fundamental particles, laws, and forces. In recent years reductionism has been dramatically challenged by a radically new paradigm called `emergence'. According to this new theory, natural history reveals the continuous emergence of novel phenomena: new structures and new organisms with new causal powers. Consciousness is yet onemore emergent level in the natural hierarchy. Many theologians and religious scholars believe that this new paradigm may offer new insights into the nature of God and God's relation to the world.This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. Written by experts but suitable as an introductory text, these essays provide the best available presentation of this exciting new field and its potentially momentous implications.

Comprehensive Management Of The Upper Limb Amputee

Author : Diane J. Atkins
ISBN : 9781461235309
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 43 MB
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Each year in the United States, an estimated 40,000 persons lose a limb. Of these amputees, approximately 30% lose a hand or an arm. This loss is most frequently related to trauma occurring in the healthy young adult male and is often work related. Approximately 3% of all amputees are born with congenital limb absence. In children, the ratio of congenital to acquired amputation is 2: 1, and the ratio of upper-limb to lower-limb amputees is 1. 2: 1. Therefore, since relatively few amputations result in upper-limb loss, only a small number of health practitioners, even those specializing in amputee rehabilitation, have the opportunity to provide services for a significant number of arm amputees. As a result, clinicians need to share their experiences so that the full range of options for optimum care and rehabilitation of the patient population may be considered. To meet this challenge for wider communication of clinical experience, a group of upper-limb amputee specialists met in Houston, Texas, in 1981 to serve as the core faculty for a course entitled "Contemporary Issues in Upper Extremity Amputation and Prosthetic Function. " This program provided the opportunity for surgeons, physiatrists, engineers, prosthetists, social workers, psychologists, occupational therapists, and physical therapists from the United States and Canada to discuss their extensive experience in working with upper extremity amputees. A second conference continuing the discussion of upper limb amputee rehabilitation was held one year later.

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