the new phrenology the limits of localizing cognitive processes in the brain life and mind philosophical issues in biology and psychology

Download Book The New Phrenology The Limits Of Localizing Cognitive Processes In The Brain Life And Mind Philosophical Issues In Biology And Psychology in PDF format. You can Read Online The New Phrenology The Limits Of Localizing Cognitive Processes In The Brain Life And Mind Philosophical Issues In Biology And Psychology here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The New Phrenology

Author : William R. Uttal
ISBN : 0262710102
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 320
Read : 1080

Get This Book


William Uttal is concerned that in an effort to prove itself a hard science, psychology may have thrown away one of its most important methodological tools--a critical analysis of the fundamental assumptions that underlie day-to-day empirical research. In this book Uttal addresses the question of localization: whether psychological processes can be defined and isolated in a way that permits them to be associated with particular brain regions.New, noninvasive imaging technologies allow us to observe the brain while it is actively engaged in mental activities. Uttal cautions, however, that the excitement of these new research tools can lead to a neuroreductionist wild goose chase. With more and more cognitive neuroscientific data forthcoming, it becomes critical to question their limitations as well as their potential. Uttal reviews the history of localization theory, presents the difficulties of defining cognitive processes, and examines the conceptual and technical difficulties that should make us cautious about falling victim to what may be a "neo-phrenological" fad.

Hypnosis And Conscious States

Author : Graham Jamieson
ISBN : 9780198569794
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 17 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 783
Read : 1058

Get This Book


Hypnosis provides a rich paradigm for those seeking to understand the processes that underlie consciousness. This book describes the latest advances in understanding hypnosis and similar trance states by researchers within the neuroscience of consciousness.

A Mark Of The Mental

Author : Karen Neander
ISBN : 9780262036146
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 84. 44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 220
Read : 674

Get This Book


In A Mark of the Mental, Karen Neander considers the representational power of mental states -- described by the cognitive scientist Zenon Pylyshyn as the "second hardest puzzle" of philosophy of mind (the first being consciousness). The puzzle at the heart of the book is sometimes called "the problem of mental content," "Brentano's problem," or "the problem of intentionality." Its motivating mystery is how neurobiological states can have semantic properties such as meaning or reference. Neander proposes a naturalistic account for sensory-perceptual (nonconceptual) representations. Neander draws on insights from state-space semantics (which appeals to relations of second-order similarity between representing and represented domains), causal theories of reference (which claim the reference relation is a causal one), and teleosemantic theories (which claim that semantic norms, at their simplest, depend on functional norms). She proposes and defends an intuitive, theoretically well-motivated but highly controversial thesis: sensory-perceptual systems have the function to produce inner state changes that are the analogs of as well as caused by their referents. Neander shows that the three main elements -- functions, causal-information relations, and relations of second-order similarity -- complement rather than conflict with each other. After developing an argument for teleosemantics by examining the nature of explanation in the mind and brain sciences, she develops a theory of mental content and defends it against six main content-determinacy challenges to a naturalized semantics.

Rock Bone And Ruin

Author : Adrian Currie
ISBN : 9780262037266
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 543
Read : 953

Get This Book


"The Earth's deep past is a fascinating place to visit, both disturbingly alien and hauntingly familiar. In its life, the Earth has frozen solid, supported enormous animals (themselves sporting enormous fleas!), accommodated a diversity of cultures, and a diversity of ways-of-living. Rock, Bone & Ruin asks how much we can know about the deep past. To answer this, we need to understand the resources at our disposal: how do historical scientists like paleontologists, archaeologists and geologists learn about prehistory? Most people think of simple relationships--such as that between a fossilized bone and its long-dead owner--when they consider historical evidence. However, I argue that such scientists are best understood as 'methodological omnivores': they are creative, opportunistic and use a variety of different strategies and techniques. The reasoning used by historical scientists is much more diverse and complex than we have previously realized. And this supports optimism about our capacity to discover the deep past: our knowledge of it shall continue to grow. Along the way, we critically examine philosophical and scientific reflection on the relationship between the past and the present, the nature of evidence, contingency, scientific progress and scientific. Further, I provide suggestions about the value of knowledge about the past--including how it can inform us in the present and into the future--and how such sciences are best supported. The argument draws on fascinating examples from across paleontology, geology and archaeology"--

Ingenious Genes

Author :
ISBN : 9780262297264
Genre :
File Size : 78. 16 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 457
Read : 1062

Get This Book



Cooperation And Its Evolution

Author : Kim Sterelny
ISBN : 9780262018531
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 56 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 779
Read : 183

Get This Book


Essays from a range of disciplinary perspectives show the central role that cooperation plays in structuring our world. This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. Part I ("Agents and Environments") investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make cooperation profitable and stable, focusing on the interactions of agent, population, and environment. Part II ("Agents and Mechanisms") focuses on how proximate mechanisms emerge and operate in the evolutionary process and how they shape evolutionary trajectories. Throughout the book, certain themes emerge that demonstrate the ubiquity of questions regarding cooperation in evolutionary biology: the generation and division of the profits of cooperation; transitions in individuality; levels of selection, from gene to organism; and the "human cooperation explosion" that makes our own social behavior particularly puzzling from an evolutionary perspective.

Revue De Philosophie Des Sciences De La Vie

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015081570361
Genre : Biology
File Size : 54. 79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 813
Read : 1318

Get This Book



Globale Waren

Author : Angelika Epple
ISBN : STANFORD:36105133425087
Genre :
File Size : 23. 18 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 919
Read : 836

Get This Book



Werkstattgeschichte

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015081474234
Genre : Germany
File Size : 76. 59 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 559
Read : 1229

Get This Book



Der Menschliche Geist

Author : John Horgan
ISBN : 3596151392
Genre :
File Size : 47. 27 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 754
Read : 313

Get This Book



Top Download:

Best Books