the nonhuman primate in nonclinical drug development and safety assessment

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The Nonhuman Primate In Nonclinical Drug Development And Safety Assessment

Author : Joerg Bluemel
ISBN : 9780124171466
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 51 MB
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The Nonhuman Primate in Drug Development and Safety Assessment is a valuable reference dedicated to compiling the latest research on nonhuman primate models in nonclinical safety assessment, regulatory toxicity testing and translational science. By covering important topics such as study planning and conduct, inter-species genetic drift, pathophysiology, animal welfare legislation, safety assessment of biologics and small molecules, immunotoxicology and much more, this book provides scientific and technical insights to help you safely and successfully use nonhuman primates in pharmaceutical toxicity testing. A comprehensive yet practical guide, this book is intended for new researchers or practicing toxicologists, toxicologic pathologists and pharmaceutical scientists working with nonhuman primates, as well as graduate students preparing for careers in this area. Covers important topics such as species selection, study design, experimental methodologies, animal welfare and the 3Rs (Replace, Refine and Reduce), social housing, regulatory guidelines, comparative physiology, reproductive biology, genetic polymorphisms and more Includes practical examples on techniques and methods to guide your daily practice Offers a companion website with high-quality color illustrations, reference values for safety assessment and additional practical information such as study design considerations, techniques and procedures and dosing and sampling volumes

Drug Discovery Toxicology

Author : Yvonne Will
ISBN : 9781119053392
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 46 MB
Format : PDF
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As a guide for pharmaceutical professionals to the issues and practices of drug discovery toxicology, this book integrates and reviews the strategy and application of tools and methods at each step of the drug discovery process. • Guides researchers as to what drug safety experiments are both practical and useful • Covers a variety of key topics – safety lead optimization, in vitro-in vivo translation, organ toxicology, ADME, animal models, biomarkers, and –omics tools • Describes what experiments are possible and useful and offers a view into the future, indicating key areas to watch for new predictive methods • Features contributions from firsthand industry experience, giving readers insight into the strategy and execution of predictive toxicology practices

Challenges In Nonhuman Primate Research In The 21st Century

Author : Gerhard F. Weinbauer
ISBN : 9783830978398
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 88 MB
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In continuation of the Covance Primate Symposium Series, the 19th Covance Primate Symposium took place in Münster on 23rd & 24th of May 2012. Altogether, 70 participants representing 43 organisations, gathered for this symposium. The 2012 Primate Symposium focussed on ?Challenges in Nonhuman Primate Research in the 21st Century?. The broad participation and the lively discussions during the symposium underlined the timeliness and importance of this topic. Expert speakers covered four major topics, i.e. biosimilars development: regulatory implications, key considerations and next steps, optimizing nonhuman primate use in nonclinical safety assessment, trends in nonhuman primate developmental & reproductive toxicology (DART) and juvenile toxicity evaluation, and relevance and importance of nonhuman primate models in regulatory toxicology. The development of biosimilar has taken up speed considerably and meanwhile needs to be considered a significant factor of potential drug development, yet there are still some uncertainties und guidelines are under development. With the increased focus on biopharmaceuticals and the associated increase for using nonhuman primates being the relevant animal model, it became necessary to optimize the use of this animal model, e.g. refine study designs and animals numbers but still execute meaningful preclinical studies. It appears that significant progress has been achieved in that context. In the area of nonhuman primate DART and juvenile toxicity evaluation, recent guideline changes had a major impact on species selection, and the experimental design plus the timing of these studies within the preclinical programmes. Finally, given the increasing regulations and justficiations of using nonhuman primates as experimental models. It is paramount to understand the essential and indispensable role that nonhuman primates can play in drug safety evaluation and medical drug development.

Drug Safety Evaluation

Author : Shayne Cox Gad
ISBN : 9781119097402
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 50 MB
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This practical guide presents a road map for safety assessment as an integral part of the development of new drugs and therapeutics. Helps readers solve scientific, technical, and regulatory issues in preclinical safety assessment and early clinical drug development Explains scientific and philosophical bases for evaluation of specific concerns – including local tissue tolerance, target organ toxicity and carcinogenicity, developmental toxicity, immunogenicity, and immunotoxicity Covers the development of new small and large molecules, generics, 505(b)(2) route NDAs, and biosimilars Revises material to reflect new drug products (small synthetic, large proteins and cells, and tissues), harmonized global and national regulations, and new technologies for safety evaluation Adds almost 20% new and thoroughly updates existing content from the last edition

Pediatric Non Clinical Drug Testing

Author : Alan M. Hoberman
ISBN : 9781118168257
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48. 31 MB
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This book explains the importance and practice of pediatric drug testing for pharmaceutical and toxicology professionals. It describes the practical and ethical issues regarding non-clinical testing to meet US FDA Guidelines, differences resulting from the new European EMEA legislation, and how to develop appropriate information for submission to both agencies. It also provides practical study designs and approaches that can be used to meet international requirements. Covering the full scope of non-clinical testing, regulations, models, practice, and relation to clinical trials, this text offers a comprehensive and up-to-date resource.

Nonclinical Assessment Of Abuse Potential For New Pharmaceuticals

Author : Carrie Markgraf
ISBN : 9780124202160
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 20 MB
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Nonclinical Assessment of Abuse Potential for New Pharmaceuticals offers a complete reference on the current international regulatory guidelines and details best practice methodology for the three standard animal models used to evaluate abuse potential: physical dependence, self-administration and drug discrimination. This book also includes chapters on alternative models and examples of when you should use these alternatives. Case histories are provided at the end of the book to show how the data generated from the animal models play a pivitol role in the submission package for a new drug. By incorporating all of this information into one book, Nonclinical Assessment of Abuse Potential for New Pharmaceuticals is your single resource for everything you need to know to understand and implement the assessment of abuse liability. Provides a consolidated overview of the complex regulatory landscape Offers best practice methodology for conducting animal studies, including selection of doses and positive control agents that will help you improve your own abuse potential studies Includes real-life examples to illustrate how nonclinical data fit into the submission strategy

Reviewing The Utility Of Two Species In General Toxicology Related To Drug Development

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051977634
Genre :
File Size : 33. 67 MB
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As part of the safety assessment of new drugs, the use of two species (a rodent and a nonrodent) for regulatory toxicology studies is the typical approach taken for small molecules. For biologics, species selection is dictated by pharmacological relevance, and single species toxicology packages (typically using the nonhuman primate) are common. The UK National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction of Animals in Research and the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry are collaborating on a project to review the utility of two species in regulatory toxicology studies, with the aim to explore whether there are wider circumstances when data from a single species could be sufficient to enable safe progression in humans. An international working group consisting of 37 representatives from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, academia, and regulatory bodies is coordinating a large-scale data sharing exercise to examine the potential for changes in current practice to reduce the number of species used for nonclinical safety testing at different stages of development. The challenge will be to determine whether two species toxicology adds significant value or whether in some instances data from a single species are sufficient (across a broader range of molecules than is currently the case) without compromising human safety.

The Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program What Have We Learned

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform
ISBN : MINN:31951D01956738F
Genre : Anthrax
File Size : 84. 78 MB
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Vaccinology

Author : Gregg N. Milligan
ISBN : 9781118636527
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 83 MB
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Vaccinology: An Essential Guide outlines in a clear, practical format the entire vaccine development process, from conceptualization and basic immunological principles through to clinical testing and licensing of vaccines. With an outstanding introduction to the history and practice of vaccinology, it also guides the reader through the basic science relating to host immune responses to pathogens. Covering the safety, regulatory, ethical, and economic and geographical issues that drive vaccine development and trials, it also presents vaccine delivery strategies, novel vaccine platforms (including experimental vaccines and pathogens), antigen development and selection, vaccine modelling, and the development of vaccines against emerging pathogens and agents of bioterror. There are also sections devoted to veterinary vaccines and associated regulatory processes. Vaccinology: An Essential Guide is a perfect tool for designed for undergraduate and graduate microbiologists and immunologists, as well as residents, fellows and trainees of infectious disease and vaccinology. It is also suitable for all those involved in designing and conducting clinical vaccine trials, and is the ideal companion to the larger reference book Vaccinology: Principles and Practice.

New Approaches To Drug Discovery

Author : Ulrich Nielsch
ISBN : 9783319289144
Genre : Medical
File Size : 28. 6 MB
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This volume gives an overview of state of the art technologies and future developments in the field of preclinical pharmaceutical research. A balanced mix of experts from academia and industry give insight in selected new developments in the drug discovery pathway. The topics cover the different parts of the drug discovery process, starting with new developments in the target identification and validation area. The lead generation part as a next step focuses on the requirements and technologies to identify new small molecules as lead compounds for further optimization; in a second section the technologies to identify biologics as leads are addressed. The final part focuses on the pharmacological models and technologies to characterize new compounds and the impact of biomarkers to facilitate the transfer of drug candidates into the development phase.

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