the paleobiology of australopithecus vertebrate paleobiology and paleoanthropology

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The Paleobiology Of Australopithecus

Author : Kaye E. Reed
ISBN : 9789400759190
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 28 MB
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Australopithecus species have been the topic of much debate in palaeoanthropology since Raymond Dart described the first species, Australopithecus africanus, in 1925. This volume synthesizes the geological and paleontological context of the species in East and South Africa; covers individual sites, such as Dikika, Hadar, Sterkfontein, and Malapa; debates the alpha taxonomy of some of the species; and addresses questions regarding the movements of the species across the continent. Additional chapters discuss the genus in terms of sexual dimorphism, diet reconstruction using microwear and isotopic methodologies, postural and locomotor behavior, and ontogeny.

Dental Morphology For Anthropology

Author : Heather J. H. Edgar
ISBN : 9781315300825
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 85 MB
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This work provides a new, comprehensive update to the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS). Drawing upon her extensive experience in informatics, curating data, and dental morphological data acquisition, Edgar has developed accessible and user-friendly standardized images and descriptions of dental morphological variants. The manual provides nearly 400 illustrations that indicate ideal expressions of each dental trait. These drawings are coupled with over 650 photographs of real teeth, indicating real-world examples of each expression. Additionally, trait descriptions have been written to be clear, comparative, and easy to apply. Together, the images and descriptions are presented in a standardized form for quick and clear reference. All of these modifications to ASUDAS make it more usable for students and professionals alike. In addition to these features of the manual, the text makes a brief but strong argument for why dental morphology will continue to be a useful tool in biological anthropology through the 21st century.

The Postcranial Anatomy Of Australopithecus Afarensis

Author : Yohannes Haile-Selassie
ISBN : 9789401774291
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 95 MB
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This volume describes a 3.6 million-years-old partial skeleton of Australopithecus afarensis from the Woranso-Mille, central Afar, Ethiopia. This specimen is the first adult partial skeleton to be recovered since Lucy’s (A.L. 288-1) discovery in 1974. It is older than Lucy by 400,000 years and sheds light on the paleobiology of early Australopithecus afarensis, particularly the morphology of the shoulder girdle and thoracic shape, which are thus far poorly understood and actively debated. The fauna associated with the partial skeleton tells us enormously about Au. afarensis paleoecology and give us another piece of the puzzle regarding habitat availability and use for Au. afarensis outside the Hadar region where it has been well-known for the last four decades.

Constructed Ecologies

Author : Margaret Grose
ISBN : 9781317495260
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 85. 29 MB
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Today, designers are shifting the practice of landscape architecture towards the need for a more complex understanding of ecological science. Constructed Ecologies presents ecology as critical theory for design, and provides major ideas for design that are supported with solid and imaginative science. In the questioning narrative of Constructed Ecologies, the author discards many old and tired theories in landscape architecture. With detailed documentation, she casts off the savannah theory, critiques the search for universals, reveals the needed role of designers in large-scale agriculture, abandons the overlay technique of McHarg, and introduces the ecological and urban health urgency of public night lighting. Margaret Grose presents wide-ranging new approaches and shows the importance of learning from science for design, of going beyond assumptions, of working in multiple rather than single issues, of disrupting linear design thinking, and of dealing with data. This book is written with a clear voice by an ecologist and landscape architect who has led design students into loving ecological science for the support it gives design.

Paleontology And Geology Of Laetoli Human Evolution In Context

Author : Terry Harrison
ISBN : 9048199565
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 54 MB
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This volume 1 and its companion volume 2 present the results of new investigations into the geology, paleontology and paleoecology of the early hominin site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania. The site is one of the most important paleontological and paleoanthropological sites in Africa, worldrenowned for the discovery of fossils of the early hominin Australopithecus afarensis, as well as remarkable trails of its footprints. The first volume provides new evidence on the geology, geochronology, ecology, ecomorphology and taphonomy of the site. The second volume describes newly discovered fossil hominins from Laetoli, belonging to Australopithecus afarensis and Paranthropus aethiopicus, and presents detailed information on the systematics and paleobiology of the diverse associated fauna. Together, these contributions provide one of the most comprehensive accounts of a fossil hominin site, and they offer important new insights into the early stages of human evolution and its context.

The First Humans

Author : Frederick E. Grine
ISBN : 1402099800
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 41 MB
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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.

Out Of Africa I

Author : John G Fleagle
ISBN : 9048190363
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 78 MB
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For the first two thirds of our evolutionary history, we hominins were restricted to Africa. Dating from about two million years ago, hominin fossils first appear in Eurasia. This volume addresses many of the issues surrounding this initial hominin intercontinental dispersal. Why did hominins first leave Africa in the early Pleistocene and not earlier? What do we know about the adaptations of the hominins that dispersed - their diet, locomotor abilities, cultural abilities? Was there a single dispersal event or several? Was the hominin dispersal part of a broader faunal expansion of African mammals northward? What route or routes did dispersing populations take?

Color Atlas Of Genetics

Author : Eberhard Passarge
ISBN : 9783131645241
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25. 90 MB
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From reviews of previous editions: A remarkable achievement concise but informativeNo geneticist or physician interested in genetic diseases should be without a copy -- American Journal of Medical Genetics Ever since the international Human Genome Project achieved its extraordinary goal of sequencing and mapping the entire human genomewith far-reaching implications for understanding the causes and diagnosis of human genetic disordersprogress in the field has been rapid. In the fourth edition of the bestselling Color Atlas of Genetics, readers will get a full overview of the field today, with an emphasis on the interface between fundamental principles and practical applications in medicine. The book utilizes the signature Flexibook format designed for easy visual learning and retention, and is invaluable for students, clinicians, and scientists interested in keeping current in this fast-moving area. New topics in the fully revised fourth edition of this highly praised atlas: Genetic signaling pathways involved in genetic disorders DNA repair systems Genomic disorders and genome-wide association studies Cancer genomes Ciliopathies, neurocristopathies, and other groups of causally related disorders Epigenetic changes in certain disorders Illustrated outline of human evolution With almost 200 stunning color plates concisely explained on facing pages, and including useful tables of data, a glossary of terms, key references, and online resources, this book makes every concept clear and accessible. It is an excellent introduction to genetics and basic genomics for students of medicine and biology, as well as an ideal teaching aid and refresher for investigators in any field of medicine or science.

Human Paleontology And Prehistory

Author : Assaf Marom
ISBN : 9783319466460
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 30 MB
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The aim of the book is to present original and though-provoking essays in human paleontology and prehistory, which are at the forefront of human evolutionary research, in honor of Professor Yoel Rak (a leading scholar in paleoanthropology).​ ​The volume presents a collection of original papers contributed by many of Yoel's friends and colleagues from all over the globe. Contributions from experts around the globe fall roughly into three broad categories: Reflections on some of the broad theoretical questions of evolution, and especially about human evolution; the early hominins, with special emphasis on Australopithecus afarensis and Paranthropus; and the Neanderthals, that contentious group of our closest extinct relatives. Within and across these categories, nearly every paper addresses combinations of methodological, analytical and theoretical questions that are pertinent to the whole human evolutionary time span. This book will appeal most to scholars and advanced students in paleoanthropology, human paleontology and prehistoric archaeology.

Dental Perspectives On Human Evolution

Author : Shara E. Bailey
ISBN : 9781402058455
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 9 MB
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The objective of the volume is to bring together, in one collection, the most innovative dental anthropological research as it pertains to the study of hominid evolution. In the past few decades both the numbers of hominid dental fossils and the sophistication of the techniques used to analyze them have increased substantially. The book’s contributions focus on dental morphometrics, growth and development, diet and dental evolution.

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