the people of palomas neandertals from the sima de las palomas del cabezo gordo southeastern spain texas am university anthropology series

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The People Of Palomas

Author : Erik Trinkaus
ISBN : 1623494796
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 39 MB
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The Neandertal site at Sima de las Palomas del Cabezo Gordo, located in Murcia in southeastern Spain, is unique in several respects. Its most important contribution to the field of study, however, may be the fact that it consists of the remains of multiple individuals, adding appreciable breadth to the available data for a greater understanding of Neandertals. Further, its location in the Iberian Peninsula south of the Pyrenees suggests potential for studying a population that may have been somewhat isolated from contemporaneous groups of early humans. This comprehensive analysis represents the first detailed overview of the human fossil assemblage found at the Sima de las Palomas site. While scientific discussion continues regarding the precise impact of Neandertals upon modern human physiology and biology, The People of Palomas adds significantly to our knowledge of the human fossil record of the Late Pleistocene.

The People Of Palomas

Author : Erik Trinkaus
ISBN : 9781623494803
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47. 81 MB
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The Neandertal site of the Sima de las Palomas del Cabezo Gordo, located in Murcia in southeastern Spain, is unique in several respects. One of its most important contribution to the field of Anthropology, however, may be that it has yielded of the remains of at least 17 Neandertals, adding appreciable breadth to the available data for a greater understanding of Neandertals. Further, its location in the southern Iberian Peninsula provides the potential for studying a population that may have been somewhat isolated from contemporaneous groups of early humans. This comprehensive analysis represents the first detailed description and analysis of the human fossil assemblage found at the Sima de las Palomas site. While scientific discussion continues regarding the precise impact of Neandertals upon modern human physiology and biology, The People of Palomas adds significantly to our knowledge of the human fossil record of the Late Pleistocene.

Early Evolution Of Human Memory

Author : Héctor M. Manrique
ISBN : 9783319644479
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 99 MB
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This work examines the cognitive capacity of great apes in order to better understand early man and the importance of memory in the evolutionary process. It synthesizes research from comparative cognition, neuroscience, primatology as well as lithic archaeology, reviewing findings on the cognitive ability of great apes to recognize the physical properties of an object and then determine the most effective way in which to manipulate it as a tool to achieve a specific goal. The authors argue that apes (Hominoidea) lack the human cognitive ability of imagining how to blend reality, which requires drawing on memory in order to envisage alternative future situations, and thereby modifying behavior determined by procedural memory. This book reviews neuroscientific findings on short-term working memory, long-term procedural memory, prospective memory, and imaginative forward thinking in relation to manual behavior. Since the manipulation of objects by Hominoidea in the wild (particularly in order to obtain food) is regarded as underlying the evolution of behavior in early Hominids, contrasts are highlighted between the former and the latter, especially the cognitive implications of ancient stone-tool preparation.

Continuity And Discontinuity In The Peopling Of Europe

Author : Silvana Condemi
ISBN : 9400704925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 46 MB
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Since the Western world first became aware of the existence of Neanderthals, this Pleistocene human has been a regular focus of interest among specialists and also among the general public. In fact, we know far more about Neanderthals than we do about any other extinct human population. Furthermore, over the past 150 years no other palaeospecies has been such a constant source of discussion and fierce debate among palaeoanthropologists and archaeologists. This book presents the status of our knowledge as well as the methods and techniques used to study this extinct population and it suggests perspectives for future research.

Palaeolithic Pioneers

Author : Michael J. Walker
ISBN : 178491620X
Genre : Antiquities, Prehistoric
File Size : 90. 83 MB
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Archaic humans were present for over a million years in western Mediterranean Europe where they left very many traces of their early stone-age activities and behavior, and sometimes even human skeletal remains. This book evaluates archaeological findings about their life-ways at many important sites in Italy, southern France, and Spain, from the earliest ones 1,300,000 years ago, to those of Neanderthals fifty-thousand years ago, just before they were superseded by skeletally-"modern" humans. The cognitive and manual skills of archaic humans in western Mediterranean Europe are considered in the Pleistocene contexts of major climatic fluctuations and changing environmental circumstances. The book focusses on their remarkable capacity to adapt, frequently reinvent themselves, and persist for long periods of time, even though finally they did not endure. Their achievements and abilities withstand comparison to those of ancient humans in Africa or Asia during Early, Middle, and early Late Pleistocene times.

The Neandertals

Author : Erik Trinkaus
ISBN : 1597405906
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 30 MB
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To most 19th-century scholars, the Neandertals' fierce, ridged brows were evidence of a "moral darkness" that set them apart from humans. Yet by the 1970s, the Neandertals were being praised for their apparent compassion. This work reveals how different scientists came to such wildly divergent conclusions. Photos and illustrations.

Making Faces

Author : Adam S. Wilkins
ISBN : 9780674974487
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 70 MB
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Adam Wilkins draws on studies of nonhuman species, the fossil record, genetics, and molecular and developmental biology to reconstruct the evolution of the human face and its inextricable link to our species’ evolving social complexity. The neural and muscular mechanisms that allowed facial expressions also led to speech, which is unique to humans.

Cognitive Archaeology And Human Evolution

Author : Sophie A. de Beaune
ISBN : 9780521769778
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48. 19 MB
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Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution presented new directions in the study of cognitive archaeology. Seeking to understand the conditions that led to the development of a variety of cognitive processes during evolution, it uses evidence from empirical studies and offers theoretical speculations about the evolution of modern thinking as well. The twelve essays, written by an international team of scholars, represent an eclectic array of interests, methods, and theories about evolutionary cognitive archaeology. Collectively, they consider whether the processes in the development of human cognition simply made a better use of anatomical and cerebral structures already in place at the beginning of hominization. They also consider the possibility of an active role of hominoids in their own development and query the impact of hominoid activity in the emergence of new cognitive abilities.

Bones Of Contention

Author : Marvin L. Lubenow
ISBN : 9781585581573
Genre : Religion
File Size : 23. 85 MB
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Seeking to disprove the theory of human evolution, the author examines the fossils of the so-called "ape men."

The Early Modern Human From Tianyuan Cave China

Author : Hong Shang
ISBN : 9781603441773
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 59 MB
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"Not only does this detailed monograph on Tianyuan stand as an excellent example of high-quality description and analysis of important human fossils, it also provides, for the first time, reliably dated evidence on the initial appearance of early modern people on the East Asian mainland. Thus, this work will have a significant impact on our understanding of later human evolution in Asia for many years to come, regardless of individual views on evidence for continuity between early modern and archaic Asians." ---Fred Smith, professor of anthropology and biologicalsciences chair, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Illinois State University The authors have been among the key contributors to the redefinition of the terms of the debate . . . and here they do it again. This book is a paleoanthropological landmark and destined to be for many years a key source of information to all those involved in the investigation of how humans became what they are today." ---Joao Zilhao, professor of paleolithic archaeology, University of Bristol ". . . the authors provide a detailed description of the remains, state of preservation, anatomy, body proportions, and pathologies . . . provides a balanced coverage of both who was Tianyuan (definitely a modern human), but also a little bit of how he or she lived . meticulous descriptions and analyses." ---Brigitte M. Holt, assistant professor of anthropology, University of Massachusetts The human population and behavioral processes that led to the emergence and spread of anatomically modern humans in the Late Pleistocene is one of the major ongoing topics in anthropology. Through detailed description and interpretation of the most complete early modern human skeleton from eastern Asia, this book provides new insights into these processes in one of the major regions of the Old World. Directly or indirectly, it addresses long-term questions relating to the ancestry of modern humans in eastern Asia, the nature of the changes in human behavior with the emergence of modern human biology, and the levels of stress and survival of these human populations. More broadly, it raises questions about the evolutionary roots of recent human diversity. The understanding of these issues can be properly evaluated only through the detailed analysis of human remains and artifacts from the time of modern human emergence. The human skeleton from Tianyuandong, China, discovered in 2001, is one of a small group of early modern human fossils from eastern Eurasia that has the potential to shed light on at least some of these questions. This book is therefore a detailed, paleontological and paleobio-logical presentation of this skeleton, its context, and its implications. By providing basic information for this important human fossil, by offering inferences concerning the population processes involved in modern human emergence in eastern Eurasia, and by raising questions concerning the adaptations of these early modern human hunter-gatherers, The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China will take its place as a core contribution to the study of modern human emergence.

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