the phylogenetic handbook

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The Phylogenetic Handbook

Author : Philippe Lemey
ISBN : 1139478613
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 49 MB
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The Phylogenetic Handbook is a broad, hands on guide to theory and practice of nucleotide and protein phylogenetic analysis. This second edition includes six new chapters, covering topics such as Bayesian inference, tree topology testing and the impact of recombination on phylogenies, as well as a detailed section on molecular adaptation. The book has a stronger focus on hypothesis testing than the previous edition, with more extensive discussions on recombination analysis, detecting molecular adaptation and genealogy-based population genetics. Many chapters include elaborate practical sections, which have been updated to introduce the reader to the most recent versions of sequence analysis and phylogeny software, including BLAST, FastA, Clustal, T-coffee, Muscle, DAMBE, Tree-puzzle, Phylip, MEGA, PAUP*, IQPNNI, CONSEL, ModelTest, Prottest, PAML, HYPHY, MrBayes, BEAST, LAMARC, SplitsTree, and RDP. Many analysis tools are described by their original authors, resulting in clear explanations that constitute an ideal teaching guide for advanced-level undergraduate and graduate students.

The Phylogenetic Handbook

Author : Marco Salemi
ISBN : 052180390X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 44 MB
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Introduction to the theory and practice of phylogenetic analysis for molecular evolution students and professionals.

Handbook Of Spatial Point Pattern Analysis In Ecology

Author : Thorsten Wiegand
ISBN : 9781420082555
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57. 28 MB
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Understand How to Analyze and Interpret Information in Ecological Point Patterns Although numerous statistical methods for analyzing spatial point patterns have been available for several decades, they haven’t been extensively applied in an ecological context. Addressing this gap, Handbook of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis in Ecology shows how the techniques of point-pattern analysis are useful for tackling ecological problems. Within an ecological framework, the book guides readers through a variety of methods for different data types and aids in the interpretation of the results obtained by point-pattern analysis. Ideal for empirical ecologists who want to avoid advanced theoretical literature, the book covers statistical techniques for analyzing and interpreting the information contained in ecological patterns. It presents methods used to extract information hidden in spatial point-pattern data that may point to the underlying processes. The authors focus on point processes and null models that have proven their immediate utility for broad ecological applications, such as cluster processes. Along with the techniques, the handbook provides a comprehensive selection of real-world examples. Most of the examples are analyzed using Programita, a continuously updated software package based on the authors’ many years of teaching and collaborative research in ecological point-pattern analysis. Programita is tailored to meet the needs of real-world applications in ecology. The software and a manual are available online.

Vertebrate Palaeontology

Author : Michael Benton
ISBN : 9781118407554
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 3 MB
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Vertebrate palaeontology is a lively field, with new discoveries reported every week… and not only dinosaurs! This new edition reflects the international scope of vertebrate palaeontology, with a special focus on exciting new finds from China. A key aim is to explain the science. Gone are the days of guesswork. Young researchers use impressive new numerical and imaging methods to explore the tree of life, macroevolution, global change, and functional morphology. The fourth edition is completely revised. The cladistic framework is strengthened, and new functional and developmental spreads are added. Study aids include: key questions, research to be done, and recommendations of further reading and web sites. The book is designed for palaeontology courses in biology and geology departments. It is also aimed at enthusiasts who want to experience the flavour of how the research is done. The book is strongly phylogenetic, and this makes it a source of current data on vertebrate evolution.

Bringing Fossils To Life

Author : Donald R. Prothero
ISBN : 9780231536905
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 43 MB
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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.

Die Kunst Der Benennung

Author : Michael Ohl
ISBN : 9783957571342
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 99 MB
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1942, mitten im Zweiten Weltkrieg, führt Hitler einen ganz persönlichen Kampf: den Kampf für die Spitzmaus. Biologen, die sich erdreistet hatten, dem irrtümlich als "Maus" bezeichneten Tier einen anderen Namen zu verpassen, drohte er mit einem Arbeitseinsatz an der Ostfront. Um die richtigen Namen für die Natur wird - wenn auch weniger dramatisch - seit jeher gerungen. Entgegen der ausgefeilten Systematik der Tierkategorisierung unterliegt die Namensgebung selbst der Freiheit des Entdeckers und gestaltet sich entsprechend kunstvoll wie kontrovers. Doch wie passt das mit dem Exaktheitsanspruch der Naturwissenschaft zusammen? In einer unterhaltsamen Expedition durch die Geschichte der Naturkunde, durch Museen und Wildnis, eröffnet uns Michael Ohl eine eigentümliche, faszinierende Sprachwelt, die sich von volkstümlichen Bezeichnungen über die Systematisierung bei Linné bis hin zur Genetik stetig weiterentwickelt hat. Er erzählt die Geschichte von waghalsigen Abenteurern und sammelwütigen Sonderlingen und erkärt, warum der Maulwurf sein Maul bei sich behält und das Murmeltier pfeift und nicht murmelt. Mit diesem Verständnis des sinnlichen Wechselspiels von Kultur und Natur können wir begreifen, warum die "Diva unter den Pferdebremsen" mit goldenem Hinterteil den Namen von Beyoncé trägt, und was es mit der merkwürdigen Art "Homo sapiens" auf sich hat.

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Linguistics

Author : Keith Allan
ISBN : 9780191643439
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 67. 41 MB
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In this outstanding book leading scholars from around the world examine the history of linguistics from ancient origins to the present. They consider every aspect of the field from language origins to neurolinguistics, explore linguistic traditions in east and west, chronicle centuries of explanations for language structures, meanings, and usage, and look at how it has been practically applied. The book is organized in six parts. The first looks at the origins of language, the invention of writing, the nature of gesture, and sign languages. Part II examines the history of the analysis and description of sound systems. Part III considers the history of linguistics in China, Korea, Japan, India, and the Middle East, as well as the history of the study of Semitic and Afro-Asiatic. Part IV examines the history of grammar and morphology in the west from the classical world to the present. Part V surveys the history of lexicography semantics, pragmatics, and text and discourse studies. Part VI looks at the history the application of linguistics in fields that include the language classification; social and cultural theory; psychology and the brain sciences; education and translation; computational science; and the development of linguistic corpora. The book ends with a history of the philosophy of linguistics. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics makes a significant contribution to the historiography of linguistics. It will also be a valuable reference for scholars and students in linguists and related fields, including philosophy and cognitive science.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author : Usha Goswami
ISBN : 9781444351736
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 69 MB
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Handbook Of Receptors And Channels

Author : Stephen J. Peroutka
ISBN : 0849383218
Genre : Medical
File Size : 70. 51 MB
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The cloning, sequencing, and expression of a variety of membrane receptors and channels indicate the existence of at least four "superfamilies" of molecular structures that mediate signal transduction. Presently, more than 400 receptors have been cloned and sequenced. The Handbook of Receptors and Channels is the first handbook series to present the enormous amount of new molecular biological receptor data in a practical and useful format. Each volume in this remarkable series will focus on a specific molecular superfamily of receptors. Complete amino acid sequence information on all cloned receptors, as well as relevant pharmacological information, will be included. Furthermore, the format for each of the volumes will be consistent to allow for easy comparisons of different molecular subtypes for a given transmitter. G Protein-Coupled Receptors is the first volume in this new handbook series. Topics covered in future volumes include:

Handbook Of Molecular Microbial Ecology I

Author : Frans J. de Bruijn
ISBN : 9781118010495
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 78 MB
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The premiere two-volume reference on revelations from studying complex microbial communities in many distinct habitats Metagenomics is an emerging field that has changed the way microbiologists study microorganisms. It involves the genomic analysis of microorganisms by extraction and cloning of DNA from a group of microorganisms, or the direct use of the purified DNA or RNA for sequencing, which allows scientists to bypass the usual protocol of isolating and culturing individual microbial species. This method is now used in laboratories across the globe to study microorganism diversity and for isolating novel medical and industrial compounds. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology is the first comprehensive two-volume reference to cover unculturable microorganisms in a large variety of habitats, which could not previously have been analyzed without metagenomic methodology. It features review articles as well as a large number of case studies, based largely on original publications and written by international experts. This first volume, Metagenomics and Complementary Approaches, covers such topics as: Background information on DNA reassociation and use of 16 rRNA and other DNA fingerprinting approaches Species designation in microbiology Metagenomics: Introduction to the basic tools with examples Consortia and databases Bioinformatics Computer-assisted analysis Complementary approaches—microarrays, metatranscriptomics, metaproteomics, metabolomics, and single cell analysis A special feature of this volume is the highlighting of the databases and computer programs used in each study; they are listed along with their sites in order to facilitate the computer-assisted analysis of the vast amount of data generated by metagenomic studies. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology I is an invaluable reference for researchers in metagenomics, microbiology, and environmental microbiology; those working on the Human Microbiome Project; microbial geneticists; molecular microbial ecologists; and professionals in molecular microbiology and bioinformatics.

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