the politics and crisis management of animal health security

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The Politics And Crisis Management Of Animal Health Security

Author : John Connolly
ISBN : 9781317020646
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 2 MB
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The Politics and Crisis Management of Animal Health Security addresses the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic in the United Kingdom - one of, if not the, most significant crises ever to face the UK farming industry. Underpinned by interviews with politicians and bureaucrats and with significant primary documentary analysis the book shows that the crisis was a critical juncture in how disease outbreaks have been planned and managed ever since. The author explores how this event affected policy and governance arrangements for managing subsequent disease-induced threats (such as avian influenza and bovine TB) and concludes by considering the ’temporality’ of lesson learning by the UK government including the current and future challenges associated with managing incongruent risks (e.g., flood protection, swine flu and Ebola). This book provides students of public policy and administration with a significant illustration of how key concepts and analytical lenses from public policy can be applied to the study of the contours of practical policy change.

Germany After The 2013 Elections

Author : Gabriele D'Ottavio
ISBN : 9781317128380
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 80 MB
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The German election of 2013 has important ramifications for the whole of Europe. Germany After the 2013 Elections: Breaking the Mould of Post-Unification Politics? provides a comprehensive analysis of this election and its wider implications for post-unification German politics. International specialists on German and EU politics examine the domestic and international context of the election and reflect on its possible consequences. In the first part of the volume, a number of contributors analyse the policy environment in which the election took place while the second part deals with voters, parties and leaders’ strategies in the run-up to, and the aftermath, of the 2013 election.

One Health

Author : Kevin Bardosh
ISBN : 9781317334972
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78. 57 MB
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Zoonotic diseases – pathogens transmitted from animals to people – offer particularly challenging problems for global health institutions and actors, given the complex social-ecological dynamics at play. New forms of risk caused by unprecedented global connectivity and rapid social and environmental change demand new approaches. ‘One Health’ highlights the need for collaboration across sectors and disciplines to tackle zoonotic diseases. However, there has been little exploration of how social, political and economic contexts influence efforts to ‘do’ One Health. This book fills this gap by offering a much needed political economy analysis of zoonosis research and policy. Through ethnographic, qualitative and quantitative data, the book draws together a diverse number of case studies. These include chapters exploring global narratives about One Health operationalization and prevailing institutional bottlenecks; the evolution of research networks over time; and the histories and politics behind conflicting disease control approaches. The themes from these chapters are further contextualized and expanded upon through country-specific case studies – from Kenya, Zambia, Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone – exploring the translation of One Health research and policy into the African context. This book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, students and policy practitioners in the areas of global health, agriculture and development.

Biosecurity Interventions

Author : Andrew Lakoff
ISBN : 9780231511773
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 29 MB
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In recent years, new disease threats& mdash;such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis& mdash;have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

Sydney Olympic Games And Paralympics

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924089461184
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 56 MB
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The Evolving Sphere Of Food Security

Author : Rosamond L. Naylor
ISBN : 9780199398546
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 7 MB
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Hundreds of millions of people still suffer from chronic hunger and food insecurity despite sufficient levels of global food production. The poor's inability to afford adequate diets remains the biggest constraint to solving hunger, but the dynamics of global food insecurity are complex and demand analysis that extends beyond the traditional domains of economics and agriculture. How do the policies used to promote food security in one country affect nutrition, food access, natural resources, and national security in other countries? How do the priorities and challenges of achieving food security change over time as countries develop economically? The Evolving Sphere of Food Security seeks to answer these two important questions and others by exploring the interconnections of food security to security of many kinds: energy, water, health, climate, the environment, and national security. Through personal stories of research in the field and policy advising at local and global scales, a multidisciplinary group of scholars provide readers with a real-world sense of the opportunities and challenges involved in alleviating food insecurity. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, management of HIV/AIDS, the establishment of an equitable system of land property rights, and investment in solar-powered irrigation play an important role in improving food security---particularly in the face of global climate change. Meanwhile, food price spikes associated with the United States' biofuels policy continue to have spillover effects on the world's rural poor with implications for stability and national security. The Evolving Sphere of Food Security traces four key areas of the food security field: 1) the political economy of food and agriculture; 2) challenges for the poorest billion; 3) agriculture's dependence on resources and the environment; and 4) food in a national and international security context. This book connects these areas in a way that tells an integrated story about human lives, resource use, and the policy process.

Udder Health And Communication

Author : H. Hogeveen
ISBN : 9789086867424
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 31 MB
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In dairy industries throughout the world there is a desire to optimize udder health. An improved udder health will lead to improved animal welfare, improved production efficiency and a reduction of the use of antibiotics. To improve udder health, first of all, technical knowledge on issues such as treatment, milking, infectious pressure and host resistance is important. However, over the years we learned that knowledge alone is not enough: knowledge has to be used. And for knowledge to be used, farmers have to be motivated. This requires knowledge about motivation and communication. In this book, recent knowledge on technical udder health issues is combined with knowledge on motivation and communication. A large number of descriptions of mastitis control programs that are being carried out worldwide is combined with more specific studies. These are aimed at effective advising, motivation and communication strategies, economics, and technical studies on mastitis control and prevention. Therefore, this book provides an applied source of information for all that are willing to improve udder health.

The Courier

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000070835830
Genre : Africa
File Size : 82. 44 MB
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"European Community-African-Caribbean-Pacific" (varies).


Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01159655C
Genre : Forest products
File Size : 65. 4 MB
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Health Care Organization And Project Management For Emerging Nations

Author : Edward Khiwa PhD
ISBN : 9781479770519
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 36 MB
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SUMMARY Every nation should determine the future and the goals of public health inn protecting its population. As Western nations such as tobacco companies of the United States, Britain and others, are improving their gross national products, they are instead exporting a major public health burden to the Emerging nations....mostly various kinds of cancer, especially “lung cancer” which has had a high toll of mortality to the populations of different nations of the world. The World Health Organization after decades and billions of dollars later lost the fight against Malaria. The world has surrendered to the disease. Nothing left in the world except old wives tales type of pseudo-preventative measures that does nothing except put the population in a form of false security. The fight not only lost, but the enemy has actually become stronger, and we have nothing to further combat it. it is a raging fire that onsumes without mercy. For many years, the drug of choice was Chloroquine or quinine. During the Korean war in the 1950’s, many troops of an African or Mediterranean ethnic origin have exhibited severe allergic reaction to quinine. There it was discontinued and only Chloroquine was used. After many decades of Chloroquine use and misuse of Chloroquine resistant strain of Malaria made its appearance on the scientific scene in Southeast Asia and later the African continent. To date there is no medication available for the resistant Malaria. The best we have is a prophylactic dose of Chloroquine prior to traveling to an endemic area. This is still an effective measure only in the Americas where the Malaria is still sensitive to chloroquine. The resistant stain has a very wide range. It has been observed as far east as Afghanistan and Kazakhstan, and as west as West Africa. The death rate is very high becauses of several common denominators. Most of these countries are over-populated, poor health care programs, no preventative programs, mostly illiterate population and most importantly, very poor economic status. These countries mostly rely on outside help from the industrialized nations or the United Nation health care arm (WHO). Consistent factors of all outside aid program, they are very costly, usually without previous careful long-rang impact studies, in most cases are very short lived. The result in most cases is disastrous; the needy country usually is left with a white elephant health care program that is a failure and cannot afford to maintain on their own either from a technical standpoint or form a financial shortage. For a long time we believed that more is bigger and better and the rest is history. Malnutrition further complicates the picture complicates the picture. In economically poor counties their people are not able to take the proper nutrients to sustain good status of health. The malnourishment affects the immune system which, as a result, renders the population of the endemic areas with higher propensity to contract Malaria and other diseases as well. These conditions combined results in the outcome of increased incidence of the disease and shorter life expectancy of the patients. Furthermore, the disease’s vector (Mosquito) has become more resistant to eradication efforts, and as a result, its range has become increasingly greater every year. For many years the spray methods of wetlands, stagnant pools, and slow flowing steams have proven useless. Yet these methods continue. Why? The answer is very simple; it is cheap, available, easily applied, and most importantly politically conveinient. But the reality is that these methods are a dismal failure; one only has to look at the numbers (increased incidence of Malaria and the increased range of the vector). Poor sanitary practice due to lack of education and the financial means to build water treatment facilities or even the ability to supply fresh clean water have contributed to the spread of the most preventable of diseases, Cholera disease caused b

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