the politics of anti westernism in asia visions of world order in pan islamic and pan asian thought columbia studies in international and global history

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The Politics Of Anti Westernism In Asia

Author : Cemil Aydin
ISBN : 9780231510684
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 4 MB
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In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in modern Asia is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism. Aydin compares Ottoman pan-Islamic and Japanese pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.

Asianisms

Author : Marc Frey
ISBN : 9789971698591
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 23 MB
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At the core of this book is a seemingly simple question: What is Asia? In search of common historical roots, traditions and visions of political-cultural integration, first Japanese, then Chinese, Korean and Indian intellectuals, politicians and writers understood Asianisms as an umbrella for all conceptions, imaginations and processes which emphasized commonalities or common interests among different Asian regions and nations. This book investigates the multifarious discursive and material constructions of Asia within the region and in the West. It reconstructs regional constellations, intersections and relations in their national, transnational and global contexts. Moving far beyond the more well-known Japanese Pan-Asianism of the first half of the twentieth century, the chapters investigate visions of Asia that have sought to provide common meanings and political projects in efforts to trace, and construct, Asia as a united and common space of interaction. By tracing the imagination of civil society actors throughout Asia, the volume leaves behind state-centered approaches to regional integration and uncovers the richness and depth of complex identities within a large and culturally heterogeneous space.

World War One In Southeast Asia

Author : Heather Streets-Salter
ISBN : 9781107135192
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 72 MB
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Although not a major player during the course of the First World War, Southeast Asia was in fact altered by the war in multiple and profound ways. Ranging across British Malaya, the Dutch East Indies, and French Indochina, Heather Streets-Salter reveals how the war shaped the region's political, economic, and social development both during 1914-18 and in the war's aftermath. She shows how the region's strategic location between North America and India made it a convenient way-station for expatriate Indian revolutionaries who hoped to smuggle arms and people into India and thus to overthrow British rule, whilst German consuls and agents entered into partnerships with both Indian and Vietnamese revolutionaries to undermine Allied authority and coordinate anti-British and anti-French operations. World War One in Southeast Asia offers an entirely new perspective on anti-colonialism and the Great War, and radically extends our understanding of the conflict as a truly global phenomenon.

The Gold Standard At The Turn Of The Twentieth Century

Author : Steven Bryan
ISBN : 9780231526333
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 50 MB
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By the end of the nineteenth century, the world was ready to adopt the gold standard out of concerns of national power, prestige, and anti-English competition. Yet although the gold standard allowed countries to enact a virtual single world currency, the years before World War I were not a time of unfettered liberal economics and one-world, one-market harmony. Outside of Europe, the gold standard became a tool for nationalists and protectionists primarily interested in growing domestic industry and imperial expansion. This overlooked trend, provocatively reassessed in Steven Bryan's well-documented history, contradicts our conception of the gold standard as a British-based system infused with English ideas, interests, and institutions. In countries like Japan and Argentina, where nationalist concerns focused on infant-industry protection and the growth of military power, the gold standard enabled the expansion of trade and the goals of the age: industry and empire. Bryan argues that these countries looked less to Britain and more to North America and the rest of Europe for ideological models. Not only does this history challenge our idealistic notions of the prewar period, but it also reorients our understanding of the history that followed. Policymakers of the 1920s latched onto the idea that global prosperity before World War I was the result of a system dominated by English liberalism. Their attempt to reproduce this triumph helped bring about the global downturn, the Great Depression, and the collapse of the interwar world.

Global Population

Author : Alison Bashford
ISBN : 9780231519526
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 73 MB
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Concern about the size of the world's population did not begin with the "population bomb" in 1968. It arose in the aftermath of World War I and was understood as an issue with far-reaching ecological, agricultural, economic, and geopolitical consequences. The world population problem concerned the fertility of soil as much as the fertility of women, always involving both "earth" and "life." Global Population traces the idea of a world population problem as it evolved from the 1920s through the 1960s. The growth and distribution of the human population over the planet's surface came deeply to shape the characterization of "civilizations" with different standards of living. It forged the very ideas of development, demographically defined three worlds, and, for some, an aspirational "one world." Drawing on international conference transcripts and personal and organizational archives, this book reconstructs the twentieth-century population problem in terms of migration, colonial expansion, globalization, and world food plans. Population was a problem in which international relations and intimate relations were one. Global Population ultimately shows how a geopolitical problem about sovereignty over land morphed into a biopolitical solution, entailing sovereignty over one's person.

Tumultuous Decade

Author : Masato Kimura
ISBN : 9781442698062
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 97 MB
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The 1930s was a dark period in international affairs. The Great Depression affected the economic and social circumstances of the world’s major powers, contributing to armed conflicts such as the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War. This volume focuses exclusively on Japan, which witnessed a flurry of progressive activities in this period, activities which served both domestic and international society during the “tumultuous decade.” Featuring an interdisciplinary and international group of scholars, Tumultuous Decade examines Japanese domestic and foreign affairs between 1931 and 1941. It looks at Japan in the context of changing approaches to global governance, the rise of the League of Nations, and attempts to understand the Japanese worldview as it stood in the 1930s, a crucial period for Japan and the wider world. The editors argue that, like many other emerging powers at the time, Japan experienced a national identity crisis during this period and that this crisis is what ultimately precipitated Japan’s role in the Second World War as well as the global order that took shape in its aftermath.

Program Of The Annual Meeting

Author : American Historical Association
ISBN : UOM:39015074916126
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68. 10 MB
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Program Of The Annual Meeting

Author : American Historical Association. Meeting
ISBN : OSU:32435079285193
Genre :
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Die Souver Nit T Der Schwachen

Author : Thomas Fischer
ISBN : 3515100776
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 31. 11 MB
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English summary: Against the backdrop of new themes, which have developed in the realm of global history and the history of globalization, the long neglected study concerning the League of Nations has been reopened in recent years. For the weak states of the region of Latin America, the League of Nations had a particular meaning: the Geneva Organization provided a platform for claims of sovereignty. Thus, when, on November 15th, 1920 the first full meeting a world organization was opened in Geneva, the New World represented more than a third of the assembled members. From a regional perspective, Thomas Fischer casts new light on the expectation of the Latin American pundits, intellectuals, publicists and politics in comparison to the League of Nations and the actions of the representatives from Central and South America in Geneva. The specific attention is given to the reconstruction of the efforts concerning representation, a reformulation of the Monroe Doctrine as well as for an active role in the League of Nations for conflict resolution in Latin America. German description: Vor dem Hintergrund neuer Themen, die im Rahmen der Global History und der Geschichte der Globalisierung erschlossen werden, hat die lange Zeit vernachlässigte Forschung ueber den Völkerbund in den letzten Jahren wieder Fahrt aufgenommen. Fuer die äschwachen Staaten der Grossregion Lateinamerika hatte der Völkerbund eine besondere Bedeutung: Die Genfer Organisation bedeutete eine Buehne, um Souveränitätsforderungen zu formulieren. Als daher am 15. November 1920 die erste Vollversammlung der äWeltorganisation in Genf eröffnet wurde, stellte ädie Neue Welt mehr als ein Drittel der vertretenen Mitglieder.Thomas Fischer wirft aus einer Area-Perspektive neues Licht auf die Erwartungen lateinamerikanischer Meinungsfuehrer, Intellektueller, Publizisten und Politiker gegenueber dem Völkerbund und auf das Handeln von Repräsentanten aus Mittel- und Suedamerika in Genf. Das besondere Augenmerk liegt auf der Rekonstruktion des Strebens nach Repräsentation, nach einer Reformulierung der Monroe-Doktrin sowie nach einer aktiven Rolle des Völkerbundes bei der Konfliktbeilegung in Lateinamerika.

Geschichte Der Welt Wege Zur Modernen Welt

Author : Akira Iriye
ISBN : 9783406641145
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 94 MB
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"Weltgeschichte ist lange Zeit als eine Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Niedergangs einer kleinen Zahl von 'Hochkulturen' geschrieben worden. Unter diesen Kulturen schienen Europa oder der atlantische 'Westen' während der letzten Jahrhunderte nach den Kriterien Macht, Wohlstand und kulturelle Kreativität zu dominieren. Das neue sechsbändige Werk zur Weltgeschichte, das von einem Team von Historikerinnen und Historikern vorwiegend aus den USA und Deutschland erarbeitet wird und das gleichzeitig bei C.H.Beck und Harvard University Press erscheint, verabschiedet sich von diesen Traditionen. Es leugnet die Errungenschaften des Westens nicht, stellt sie aber in den größeren Zusammenhang gleichzeitiger Entwicklungen in anderen Teilen der Welt. Dadurch wird das allmähliche, dabei aber krisenhafte Entstehen des heutigen dicht integrierten und pluralistischen Weltzusammenhangs sichtbar. Erstmals werden in diesen Bänden die Ergebnisse von mehreren Jahrzehnten internationaler Forschung zur Vorgeschichte der Globalisierung und zur Entwicklung von Gesellschaften und politischen Ordnungen auf allen Kontinenten von führenden Experten zusammenfassend dargestellt. Weltgeschichte erscheint hier nicht als Aneinanderreihung einzelner Spezialgeschichten. Die Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich auf bisher wenig beachtete Querbeziehungen und Wechselwirkungen: auf Migrationen von Einzelnen und Gruppen und die Gründung neuer Gesellschaften, auf die interkontinentale Ausbreitung von Technologien, Religionen oder politischen Ideen, auf globale Kommunikationsnetze, Handelsströme und Konsummuster, auf Imperialismus, Kolonialismus und großräumige Kriege." Akira Iriye und Jürgen Osterhammel Zwischen 1750 und 1870 wurde aus einer Welt, die – bei aller Vernetzung – im Großen und Ganzen noch regional strukturiert war, eine immer enger zusammenhängende Einheit. Seitdem sind die unterschiedlichen Teile des Globus nicht nur über Kriege und Handel miteinander verbunden; auch kulturelle Entwicklungen, politische Reformen und soziale Veränderungen waren immer häufiger aufeinander bezogen. Mit dem Band "Wege zur modernen Welt" liegt nun der vierte Band der großen, auf insgesamt sechs Bände angelegten "Geschichte der Welt" vor. "Intellektuell so anregend wie kaum eine weitere gegenwärtige Arbeit der Geschichtswissenschaft." Jacques Schuster, Die Welt "Was für ein Meilenstein: Einige der besten Historiker schreiben eine Geschichte der Welt." Dirk van Laak, DIE ZEIT

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